Posted on 2 Comments

Exam Preparation: Study Tips and Guidelines

Hard work is a key to success. Learning part and portion of a syllabus is incomplete way for an examination preparation. Syllabus is designed to cover in a certain period. Proper planning and execution of planning with the help of good study materials can help students to achieve good score. Good students study complete prescribed syllabus. They try to develop better understanding of complete syllabus.

Wise students do regular study right from the beginning of an academic session. They develop their own study skill for developing better understanding. They fight with themselves to perform better in an examination system. They set their own target to achieve in a day to day life.

Wise students develop a better understanding of Question Pattern. Basic concept never changes. Language of question may be easy/complex/difficult but answer of that question belongs to basic concept.  A student who knows Newton’s 3 Law of Motion can give all questions’ answer based on this concept. We should try to understand the language of question.

Concrete biopsy of Question Paper Pattern

  1. Prepare a list of potentials and prospective questions based on study, nature of questions of previous years, teachers’ hint etc

Wise student analyzes question pattern of an exam. He prepares a list of potential and prospective questions based on previous year and on complete prescribed syllabus.

  1. A question paper consists of different types of questions:-

Questions pattern (a) Factual (b) Inferential(c) Analytical

  • Multiple choice questions
  • True and false
  • Matching questions
  • Fill in the blanks
  • Distinguishes between two similar or opposite nature
  • One word answer
  • Descriptive (Essay/Article)
  • HOTS
  • Many more according to need, and objective of the examination

Previous years question papers will give an insight about the nature of questions

Language of questions

Important questions repeatedly asked in consecutive years

  1. Writing practice in solving a set of question paper within a time frame

Wise students prepare a list of probable questions and do more and more practice to make a command on them. When a child appears for a board examination i.e. matriculation/ intermediate/advance intermediate; s/he should practice on a complete question set and try to solve it within a time frame. It helps student to develop a better understanding and more writing practice has great psychological and physiological effect. Students gain self confidence and self realization for taking a step of correction for improving weak points of learning.

It is better to discuss about the quality content of answer with peers/friends. It is beneficial for both the students i.e. evaluator and writer. Sometimes, student should read his own written answer script. Student gets an insight if s/he reads his own answer script. Student should re-read it after a gap of 5-6 hours so that mind works actively at that time and he would be able to identify mistakes which a student may do in extreme pressure.

Dos & Don’t

Believe in yourself. You have inborn ability and capacity to learn

Believe in yourself. You can perform well in the examination

Believe in your gained knowledge of subjects during academic year

Take care of your health during examination

@ Drink Enough Water

@ Do Breakfast Regularly and on time

@ Take Healthy Diets

Practice according to your own capacity

**Revise learnt topics as many times as you can** rather than worrying about what you do not know

Follow healthy habits and learn from each and every experience in life

Fix a comfortable place for study i.e. chair, table or other things

Proper light and fresh air ***

Prepare a time table suitable to your ability, capacity, persistent and consistent nature

Develop a habit for reading consistently for whole year; no matter even if only one hour in a day

Have all your materials ready before you begin study-pencils, pens, papers, books, notebooks, notes or other study related materials

Do not depend on others; work at your own pace

Do not waste your time with friends for collecting new notes on untouched topics day before examination

Do not learn any new material the night before the examination

Keep yourself engaged for a short while with your social or other recreational activities. (***** Warning it must be for a short period***** otherwise ***)

 

Enjoy your life with your favorite hobbies (listening music, dancing, walking, driving, sleeping, cooking, running, drawing etc). No stars will fall upon us if we celebrate some moments in exam time or before an examination.


A warrior practices well before war for developing his self confidence and positive winning spirit. Neither he worries for past, nor he prepares future plan. He only fights with total integrity. Integration of body, mind and soul determine the success.

 Restore, Refresh, Relax, Rejoice, & Rejuvenate yourself

Rajeev Ranjan

Indian Educationist

Weak Students-Tips for Teacher and Parent

Weak Students Facts and Factors

Critical Thinking Skill

Tips for Developing Decision Making Skill

Parent role in developing decision making skill in a child

 

Posted on 1 Comment

Storytelling to Teach Language in the Classroom- Importance and Benefits

Storytelling to teach language in classroom – Importance and Benefits

Wise English language teacher plans interactive and communicative lesson plan for maximize language learning in the classroom.  Teacher uses story to teach the language skills as well as other language components. A story can be used for teaching different language skills and the teacher exploits the lesson with its full length. English language teacher keeps precise and lucid learning objectives. S/he always develops tasks very systematically. S/he designs task from easy to complex. Teacher considers learners’ age, their social background and cultural background, their previous language learning experience and relating their world knowledge to the text. It sustains learner’s interest throughout the class. Teacher uses authentic story to bring the real world in the classroom and the language level of this story is appropriate for this stage.

Teacher uses teaching aids keeping in mind about different kind of the learner, like visual, auditory and kinesthetic. A classroom consists of different types of learner and a good teacher takes into account of all these important factors in mind while making lesson plan for teaching language in the classroom. Teacher uses wonderful techniques for teaching integrated skills, through listening skills vis a vis reading, writing and speaking skills and extends it for teaching language forms and functions , from controlled tasks to free production of language . Teacher uses peer-interaction techniques It provides chance to correct themselves and to get involved in teaching and learning process,  making learners more cooperative and free from teacher’s surveillance. A teacher should guide his students instead of criticizing for their mistakes.

Benefits of using story in a language classroom

Ø It provides natural context for language exploration.

Ø Through stories so many language items can be presented.

Ø Stories have universal appeal.

Ø It fascinates and sustains the interest of the learners in a language classroom.

Ø  Positive learning attitudes can be developed through story telling among learners for learning second/foreign language.

Ø It develops   creative thinking in the learners. Children love fantasy and stories provide so much fantasy which makes a bridge between their own imaginative world and their real worlds.

Ø  Stories stimulate students’ imagination in which they share their ideas in their own language.

Ø Language skills can be developed through stories.

Ø We can teach grammar indirectly by using stories in the classroom.

Ø It develops listening skill as well as concentration skill because children love listen stories very carefully. Children are mischievous, can distract very easily but stories helps to develop their concentration level.

Ø   Children acquire unconsciously certain language items e.g. use of words in certain context, guessing the meaning of the words through context in the story, some sentence patterns, some grammatical items etc.

Ø It provides opportunities for the learners to know about the different cultures, manners, customs etc.

Ø Stories provide connection to learners to their own worldly knowledge with their learning of the English language.

Apart from these advantages of teaching stories in a language classroom, a teacher can use stories for different purposes like group discussion by choosing key word and phrases from the stories, developing dialogue of two characters, giving 3-4 similar title and asking which title do `you find the best for a particular stories etc. Child learns language in a learners’ friendly environment. Story helps the teacher to fill the gap between teacher and students. It develops a kind of intimacy with learners. Learners feel connected with the teacher and the teaching topics.

 

Rajeev Ranjan

Indian Educationist

 

Peer Teaching –Importance and Benefits – Effective Technique for Promoting Joyful Learning

Parent role in developing decision making skill in a child

Benefits of Using Technology in the Classroom

Life Skill Teaching Techniques for Teacher

Role of Textbook in Language Teaching and Learning

English language learning: Importance and benefits of practice and exposure

 

Posted on 1 Comment

Role of Textbook in Language Teaching and Learning

 

Role of Textbook in Language Teaching and Learning

Textbooks play a pivotal role in language classrooms in all types of educational institutions – public schools, colleges, and language schools – all over the world. In some contexts, teachers are free to choose their own textbooks. The vast majority of teachers, however, have textbooks suggested, prescribed, or assigned to them (Garinger, 2001). “Textbooks play a very crucial role in the realm of language teaching and learning and are considered the next important factor (element) [italics added] in the second/foreign language classroom after the teacher.” The textbook is a tool in the hands of the teacher, and the teacher must know how to use it, and how useful it can be for everyone. The wealth of published materials for English language teaching (ELT) available in the market makes selecting the right course book a challenging task. Moreover, the selection of a particular core textbook signals an executive educational decision in which there is considerable professional, financial, and even political investment (Sheldon, 1988). Textbooks are a key component in most language programs. In some situations they serve as the basis for much of the language input learners receive and the language practice that occurs in the classroom. They may provide the basis for the content of the lessons, the balance of skills taught and the kinds of language practice the students take part in. In other situations, the textbook may serve primarily to supplement the teacher’s instruction. For learners, the textbook may provide the major source of contact they have with the language apart from input provided by the teacher. In the case of inexperienced teachers textbooks may also serve as a form of teacher training – they provide ideas on how to plan and teach lessons as well as formats that teachers can use. Much of the language teaching that occurs throughout the world today could not take place without the extensive use of commercial textbooks. Learning how to use and adapt textbooks is hence an important part of a teacher’s professional knowledge. (Richards, 2001).

Hutchinson and Torres (1994, p. 232) identify four ways in which textbooks can help in times of educational change: first as “a vehicle for teacher and learner training”; second because they provide “support and relief” from the burden of looking for materials; third by providing “as complete a picture as possible” of “what the change will look like”; and fourth through the psychological support they give to teachers. However, fulfillment of these goals, especially the first and the third, depends on the approach and quality of the textbook. The materials may not be in tune with the new kind of teaching being encouraged, following instead the methodology already commonly being practiced; alternatively, the materials may be so difficult to use that teachers are unable to follow them as intended, making them revert to their previous practice. In either case, rather than agents of change, books will be “agents of conservatism,” reducing the likelihood of teachers trying out new, alternative approaches and methods (Grainger, 2001). So it has great impact at all level of programmes , from policy matter and administrators to teacher and students all rely heavily on textbook to achieve prescribed goals and objectives. The textbook determines the components’ and method of learning. It controls the contents, the method and the procedures of learning.  Students learn what is presented in the textbook, in other words the way the textbook presents materials is the way the students learn it.

In fact the educational philosophy of the textbook influences the class and the learning process. It provides neat and clean platform for it users. Teachers get good readymade activities which provides concrete sample of classroom progress. Sheldon in 1980 identified the reason why the teacher uses textbook. These are as follows:

  • Developing their own classroom material is an extremely difficult process for teachers.
  • They have limited time so to develop new material is difficult due to the nature of their profession.
  • Extreme pressures restrict many teachers: so using text book is one of the most efficient ways of teaching.

Advantages and limitations of a textbook

The use of commercial textbooks in teaching has both advantages and disadvantages, depending on how they are used and the contexts for their use. Among the principal advantages are:

  1. They provide structure and a syllabus for a program.
    Without textbooks a program may have no central core and learners may not receive a syllabus that has been systematically planned and developed.
  2. They help standardize instruction. The use of a textbook in a program can ensure that the students in different classes receive similar content and therefore can be tested in the same way.
  3. They maintain quality. If a well developed textbook is used students are exposed to materials that have been tried and tested, that are based on sound learning principles, and that are paced appropriately.
  4. They provide a variety of learning resources.
    Textbooks are often accompanied by workbooks, CDs and cassettes, videos, CD ROMs, and comprehensive teaching guides, providing a rich and varied resource for teachers and learners.
  5. They are efficient. They save teachers’ time, enabling teachers to devote time to teaching rather than material’s production.
  6. They can provide effective language models and input. Textbooks can provide support for teachers whose first language is not English and who may not be able to generate accurate language input on their own.
  7. They can train teachers. If teachers have limited teaching experience, a textbook together with the teacher’s manual can serve as a medium of initial teacher training.
  8. They are visually appealing. Commercial textbooks usually have high standards of design and production and hence are appealing to learners and teachers.
  9. Economy: A textbook is the cheapest way of providing learning material for each learner.
  10. Convenience: A textbook is a convenient package. It is bound, so that it components stick together and stay in order, it is light and small enough to carry around easily.

However there are also potential negative effects of the use of textbooks. For example:

They may contain inauthentic language.

Textbooks sometimes present inauthentic language since texts, dialogs and other aspects of content tend to be specially written to incorporate teaching points and are often not representative of real language use.

They may distort content.

Textbooks often present an idealized view of the world or fail to represent real issues. In order to make textbooks acceptable in many different contexts controversial topics are avoided and instead an idealized white middle-class view of the world is portrayed as the norm.

They may not reflect students’ needs.

Since textbooks are often written for global markets they often do not reflect the interests and needs of students and hence may require adaptation.

They can deskill teachers.

If teachers use textbooks as the primary source of their teaching leaving the textbook and teacher’s manual to make the major instructional decisions for them the teacher’s role can become reduced to that of a technician whose primarily function is to present materials prepared by others.

They are expensive.

Commercial textbooks may represent a financial burden for students in many parts of the world.

Both the benefits and limitations of the use of textbooks need to be considered, and if the textbooks that are being used in a program are judged to have some negative consequences, remedial action should be taken, e.g. by adapting or supplementing books or by providing appropriate guidance and support for teachers in how to use them appropriately.

So it provides stability for the students or by the will of programme administrative to assure that comparable instruction is being presented across courses. Since textbook plays a major role in language learning and teaching. A textbook is an indispensable tool for the teacher, it is essential for a teacher to be familiar with the different types of textbooks before use. This familiarity with a textbook can be achieved through a critical comparative study of the textbooks vis-avis the syllabus and the underlying philosophy.

Rajeev Ranjan

ELT

Reference

Harmer, J. (1991), The Practice of English Language Teaching, Harlow, Essex: Longman. Hedge, T. (2000), Teaching and Learning in the Language Classroom, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Hidalgo, A., Hall, D. and Jacobs, G. (eds) (1995), Getting Started: Materials Writers on Materials Writing,Singapore:SEAMEO Regional Language Centre. Hunt, R., Neher, B. and Banton, A. (1993), „Planning makes perfect‟, Practical English Teaching 14.1:19-21. Hutchinson, T. and Torres, E. (1994), „The textbook as agent of change‟, ELT Journal 48.4:315-28 Krashen, S. (1985), The Input Hypothesis: Issues and implications. London:Longman. McDonough, J. and Shaw, C. (1993), Materials and Methods in ELT, Oxford: Blackwell.

Posted on 2 Comments

Creative Thinking Skill Tips for Teacher and Parent

Creativity is an act of integration. It is an integration of emotion, imagination and intelligence.

Creativity is to create something noble, unique, distinctive and wonderful for the self and society. Creativity is individual’s unique ability. It demonstrates individual’s intrinsic and spontaneous flows of emotion as well as his/her analytical, logical and sensible intellect.

Individual’s creativity is natural and phenomenal act. It creates something new and noble i.e. composing a poem, writing a story, drawing a painting, composing a song, a musical composition, scientific theory, inventions etc. Individual’s creativity reflects in his/her sensible decision to do something noble at home and at working place, moreover handle a difficult situation in a non conventional and non predictable way; sometimes goes out of way to take a decision or reaching at a final solution. First Instance, It may appear irrelevant, worthless for common man, different from existing perception and ideology, however, gradually people feel its worth. Later on, it may become priceless. This is beauty of a creative mind.

Generally, we feel worth of individuals creative and artistic values in near future or it may take longer time. So, individual’s creativity is beyond recognition and appreciation. Creative mind never waits for appreciation and recognition. Creativity is intangible. S/He thinks noble for the dignified self and society.

Thinking is an act. So, creative thinking is also an act. It is an act of creating something meaningful. Creative thinking is a state of mind.   Sometime it happens with conscious effort and sometimes it is effortless.  It is a skill to create something noble. Creativity is an attitude. It is not matter of completing a task for the sake of completion; it is matter of executing individual’s vision, imagination, concept, ideas with great love and passion. Generally, it is observed that creative person is a passionate human being. Individual’s creativity does not depend on “what s/he does in a day to day life”, in fact, it depends on “how does s/he visualize things and how does s/he execute his ideas” so process of execution is crucial in imparting creativity.

Creative person possesses strong aesthetic sense.  Naturally s/he tries to think in a different way. He practices repeatedly up to his sense of perfection. He has enough patience to do the task, enough persistence to do the task and strong determination to shape up the things up to his own intrinsic values. He posses power to take risk in creating something noble. He never worries about criticism. The creative person himself is a good critic. He critically examines himself.

Creative person possess a wide and large vision. His own attitude is his greatest wealth. He lives his own ideology. Creative person never worries for name and fame. Name and fame walk on their own feet and salute the noble creation of creative person.

  1. Creative thinker imagines, generate, develop and critically evaluate ideas.
  2. Creative thinker explores ideas, spaces and materials and technology.
  3. Creative thinker keeps himself open for other’s advice, ideas and opinion.
  4. Creative thinker generates and evaluates knowledge, ideas and possibilities.
  5. Creative thinker explores existing knowledge and information and designs appropriate strategies.
  6. Creative thinker develops innovative solutions for complex and difficult challenges.
  7. Creative thinker views a problem from multiple perspectives generate many ideas and possible solutions, improvise, play, literate, and use metaphor to gain new insight. (Fred Leichter)
  8. Creative thinker executes his ideas and experiences into his tasks.
  9. Creative thinker possesses high intrinsic motivation and persistence.
  10. Creative thinker believes that yes, “I can do it”.

We are world citizen. We live in a virtual world. Our life heavily depends on virtual experience. We explore our knowledge, expertise and experiences in every walk of life. We are living in world of skilled citizen. Individual’s integrity lies in knowledge, expertise, experience and skill in this highly complex social surrounding, and various challenging pressure at personal and professional level. It is demand of time to become creative, innovative and skilled to handle things sensibly. Individual’s creativity makes him distinctive and unique. Creative thinking helps individual to establish as integrated human being with distinctive vision. Creative thinker executes the things in better way with his unique ideas.  We feel the worth of an individual. We should admit Edward de Bono idea of creativity that “we need creativity in order to break free from the temporary structures that have been set up by a particular sequence of experience”. Further he affirms that “without creativity, there would be no progress, and we would be forever repeating the same pattern”. Being creative is need of time.

Creative thinking is a skill; it is therefore nurtured, facilitated and developed. Creativity is a skill that can be taught, practiced and developed.  Some people can be inborn creative; some people experience it, learn it, practice it and develop creativity. Inquisitiveness to create something new, something noble, something new leads a person to do something great in his field. Creative people always aspire to do something unique, struggle within own state of mind, perceive things in a better perspectives, practice it and produce the best artistic creations, noble ideas, and distinctive decisions. Creative people possesses infinite source of intrinsic inspiration and a firm belief that yes “ I can do it”.

Parent, school, and society play crucial role to identify the individual’s creative thinking skill since childhood. Quality of individual’s creative thinking reflects in small acts. It reflects in the way individual perform a small task. Gradually it is identifiable in individual’s presentation at different level, during writing something, questioning something, answering something, and creating something new. Each individual has potential to be a creative person. We need to identify individual’s inherent talent. Parent and educator need to nurture individuals’ creative skill, provide ample opportunities to grow, to respect their ideas and encourage them to convert ideas into concrete result.

Equipped individual with the ability to think

  1. Help individual to identify his intrinsic potential talent
  2. Help individual to develop sense of discovery
  3. Help individual to develop a thirst do something new
  4. Give proper respect to individual’s ideas; attentive listening
  5. Give opportunity to explore ideas
  6. Give space and time to complete a challenging task
  7. Monitor individual’s process of execution of ideas “how does he act”
  8. Motivate individuals to consider possible alternatives
  9. Motivate individual to do best and achieve targets
  10. Create an innovative and creative culture at home and workplace
  11. Nurture individual’s intrinsic talent and boost up his confidence so that s/he can realize his own potential and confidently says “Yes, I can”.

Creative thinking skill is intrinsic value of an individual. Gradually, it increases with experiences. Creative thinking skill is one’s own self educating activity. Creative person reviews past experience with new one and incorporate best past experiences with new one. This amalgamation of distinctive experiences generates a new life experience to create a meaningful and unique piece of work. This life experience motivates individual to try something new that nobody has ever done.

Creative thinker keeps himself open to all situations, surroundings and circumstances, assumptions and possibilities; adopt best men, methods and materials for creating unique and distinctive creation.

 

Rajeev Ranjan

Indian Educationist

References:

 

Posted on Leave a comment

English Speaking Skill-Basic English conversation learning for beginners

Learning second language is complex phenomena. Educator needs to provide ample opportunities for learners to practice English speaking in real life situations. Educator should initiate language learning activities through simple to complex.

Educator should help second language learner initially:-

  1. To speak common English words i.e. words related to day to day life
  2. To speak simple sentences in English
  3. To speak with teacher and classmates in English
  4. To speak in English everywhere, school bus, classrooms, playgrounds

Educator should help second language learner at next level

  1. To speak more than a sentence
  2. To speak with proper pronunciation

Educator should help second language learner to speak English in real life situations. We should organize role play in the classroom. Students enjoy a lot and use English during acting several roles. Dialogue helps second language speaker to learn and practice in real life situations. It is a way of promoting language learning for “BEGINNER”

Objective of this course:-

  1. Provide exposure in real life situation
  2. Learn ‘ how to communicate in different situation with different kinds of people
  3. English Speaking through role play is an interesting learning activity
  4. How to conduct:-
  5. Role play
  6. Direct oral practice

 

 

Posted on Leave a comment

Weak Students Facts and Factors

 

Nobody is inferior and nobody is superior. We are unique. No palm line and no thumb impression are same in this world. Every child is unique. Every child’s learning style is unique. Thousand of factors effect child’s learning habit.

Root cause of students’ weak academic performance may be related to academic or non-academic.

  • Premature birth of a child

Generally it has been observed that premature birth of a child may cause slow mental and physical growth.

  • Unnatural growth of a child i.e. late walker, late talker

Holistic development of a child depends on various factors. It is observed that if a child has been growing physically as well as mentally as a natural growth cycle, then proper guidance leads a student towards a good learner. So many children may be late walker and late talker. Sometimes it may affect student’s academic performance if a parent fails to provide proper guidance right from early stage. At early stage child does not perform as per as normal child and become leveled  as weak students, however in so many cases symptoms of weak learning ability at early stage may be converted  into a good learner if s/he gets proper care, attention and guidance at home.

  • Intensive and excessive shelter from parent –wish in hand

Due to rapid changing life styles and copied life styles parents try to provide each and every possible facility to their children. Parents protect their children; accept their misbehavior and non academic activities as fun or may be childish nature, but parent is not aware that children are framing and forming all these activities as solid habit/behavior. Child knows his/her power. Child starts managing his/her father and every point of time s/he shows a negative behavior. Formation of negative habit and attitude prohibited a child to develop an interest in academic activities. S/he may be very fast in using Smart phone and other sophisticated electronic gadgets but become a non academic performer.

  • Parental problems(dispute between mother & father, divorce case, working parent , face mental trauma due to various problematic reasons at home)

One out of 100 students one student can be self made in a school. His determination to do something great in life unhampered and undisturbed by the parenting styles, otherwise parenting plays a crucial role in forming and framing positive learning attitude. Parental problems obstruct proper mental development of a child. A child remains a child in his childhood but s/he is a minute observer and s/he watches his parents’ day to day activities (a) manner of communication at home (b) behavior for other family members (c) mental, physical, social and economical problems faced by parents (d) parental care at home etc. Child becomes a conflict personality. S/he wants to express but to whom may be a big question for a child. Child could not concentrate on academic activities because his mind does feel at ease and peace anywhere.

  • Lack of care at home (due to various reasons)

Learning is a complex phenomenon. Child considers academic learning as a difficult task. Proper parental guidance and caring help child to become active and alert for learning something new but if a parent fails to do proper care at home, child could not cope with present teaching and learning activities. Learning activities becomes too tough to handle. Child starts looking academic activities as boring and learning too much uninterested tasks in his life.

  • May be younger than rest of the class

Generally it has been observed in a few cases that parent took admission in higher classes that does not suits the child age but parent thinks that his/her child is very smart, s/he will cope up easily but child fails to cope up with present syllabus and curriculum.  Ms Ayushi was admitted in KG1 in a reputed school of a town. School management promised with parent that your child will be sent to class first in next academic session. Parent was so rigid to send his daughter in class 1st. After so many counseling session with parent to send his child into to next class KG 2; parent threatened school to fulfill his promise otherwise he will withdraw her admission. Since it was new school and one of the parents’s known person helped him to admit in class 1st.  Ms Ayusi was very shy and introvert girl. She did not speak with teacher in 1st 3 months of academic session. Several noticeable behavior observed by the teacher (a) did not talk to teacher in the class (b) was not bringing notebook and book on daily basis (c) always keep head down in the classroom (d) used to spend too much time in washroom. It was not the fault of child but the completely fault of parent but child suffered whole academic year which were resulted in poor academic performance, poor self image and low confidence. She was younger than her classmates.

  • Lack of understanding the language of text(Unable to read properly and face difficulty in understand meaning of text

Wise teacher and parent develop student reading skill properly. Basically language helps a child to express his emotion, passion and knowledge rationally which develops confidence in a child.  Teacher focuses on speaking and reading skill. If a child is weak in speaking and reading, it may be possible that gradually s/he may be identified as weak learner.

  • Frequently absent from the class due to various reason

Curriculum is designed properly and accurately based on available men, method and materials which we need to learn in systematically in one academic session. If a child misses one day in the class room which increases burden of a child. Child has to face two current challenges (i) s/he has to complete yesterday’s homework and class work by today and also to learn new thing which has been taught by the teacher in today classroom. If a child becomes lazy and linger to complete the topic, these untouched topics with other learning lesson create a havoc and stress on a child. Now child develops a habit of delaying the designed task and gradually child becomes weak learner.

  • Health problems

If a child is suffering from a disease or falls ill very often then child face a mental traumatic situation to fill the gap of learning. Child starts neglecting various learning topics and frames a negative attitude towards learning which resulted in weak academic performance.

  • School environment

We heard a proverb, “friendship makes a man wise”. Only two things bring a massive change in an individual’s life (1) education (2) friendship. School provides a strong platform for learning. An individual gets proper education and friends in a school. School environment plays crucial role for holistic development of a child. Good education and good friend lay the foundation of an integrated personality. If anyone misses in a school, child becomes an academic poor performer. Child becomes a torn and conflicted personality.

  • Bad company(become a member of non –academic group)

 

एक एक दोस्त की प्रकृति दूसरे मित्र के व्यक्तित्व को प्रभावित करती है.  The nature of a friend affects the other friend’s personality. It affects both the ways.  A person with negative attitude scatters negativity in his surrounding and a person with positive attitude spreads the fragrance of positivity in his surroundings. If a child develops a strong bond with negative students, gradually he also learns negative habits and manner. Initially it may increase slowly but further it becomes his nature. A negative child’s bad company has adverse effect on other child personality. Bad friendship works like a slow poison in holistic development of child.

Lack of interest in academics (reading, writing, mathematics)

Learning is always difficult but when we talk about academic learning then it is too much difficult. A child can take challenge to reach highest score in a game but the moment learning topic is slight difficult to learn the students leave that topic at that point only. Nowadays it is too much difficult task for a parent to develop a habit of sitting at a place and perform all necessary academic work i.e. reading, writing, and learning. These are basically system oriented problems. Students do not want to do hard and parent does not give proper attention right from the beginning. If a child does not show interest in a particular subject, parent cannot linger it for a long time otherwise child forms a negative attitude towards learning.

  • Boring lesson by less motivated educator/ poor teaching techniques

Teacher brings massive change in a child’s life but if a teacher teaches a lesson uninterestedly, child forms a negative learning attitude. If a teacher uses poor teaching techniques then child shows less interest in learning those subjects’ topics. Teacher is equally responsible for poor academic performance of a child.

  • Error threatening environment (developing a negative attitude “better to excuse”)

Since learning is difficult phenomena, a child should be under keen observation of a parent and a teacher. Parent and teacher’s keen observation helps a child to grow in a proper direction. Too much observation and checks may develop a sense of rigidness. Too many checks may create error threatening environment for a child. Wise parent’s keen observation, vigilant nature and proper guidance help a child to grow as an integrated personality. When a child faces so much threaten, s/he may develop a negative learning attitude and may always give so many excuses for poor academic performance.

Many more reasons (Pupil, Parent, Teacher, Society or other stakeholder)

A child academic performance depends on thousand of factor i.e. students self learning desire, parenting, and various stakeholder of an educational institute. Child academic performance improves if all stakeholders work for the holistic development of a child.

Holistic developments of a child depend on his parent ways of upbringing.  In fact, a child is never ever less than other child.

एक बच्चे का समग्र विकास उनके माता-पिता के पालन-पोषण के तरीकों पर निर्भर करता है। वास्तव में, एक बच्चा कभी दूसरे बच्चे से कम नहीं होता है।

Rajeev Ranjan

Indian Educationist

Student Misbehavior- Is parent responsible for children’s bad behavior ?

Winner and loser-amazing answers by school children-a real life experience

Weak Students-Tips for Teacher and Parent

Life Skills Teaching-Learning -Beneficial for Holistic Development of Child

 

Teaching Human Values- Importance of Developing Essential Values Among Students

Characteristic of weak students in the classroom

 

 

Posted on Leave a comment

Critical Thinking Skill

We live in a cosmic world. Human beings speed of works mostly depends on the speed of internet connectivity. We become cosmic, equipped with Smartphone, and high speed internet connectivity. We start our day by swiping smart phone to look into various apps i.e. Whatsapp, Face book, Twitter and Instagram.  We live in a void, searching something unidentifiable thing, abstract thinking, wish to reach somewhere but “where” is not fixed. Integrity of thinking process is missing somewhere because to reach somewhere becomes limitless.

Critical thinking is a process of self awareness.  Meaningful thinking is an act to fill the void and lead meaningful life in all sphere of live.

 

Rajeev Ranjan

Indian Educationist

 

Student Misbehavior- Is parent responsible for children’s bad behavior ?

Critical Thinking – Teaching Techniques for developing critical thinking skills

Ownership of Learning: Strategies for getting students to take responsibility for their learning

Benefits of Using Technology in the Classroom

Winner and loser-amazing answers by school children-a real life experience

 

 

 

 

 

 

Posted on Leave a comment

Weak Students-Tips for Teacher and Parent

Learning is a complex phenomenon. Any learning demands self interests, inquisitiveness, positive attitude, agility, diligence and determination at any stages of life. If a pupil misses several of these qualities, becomes an academically challenged learner/weak student. Identification of academic challenged learner in a regular classroom can solve the purpose of a teacher. It is very hard for teacher to accept that s/he is a weak learner because s/he possesses all other qualities except poor performance in one subject or in more than one subject. Generally teacher as well parent treats weak learners’ characteristic as stubbornness, disinterestedness in learning, mischievousness and showing inability to learn.

Academically weak students show natural physical growth; however they could not perform well in reading and writing. Weak students could not develop understanding of different topics, key concepts and other knowledgeable things. Gradually, they lose self interest of study and develop a sense of delaying, excusing and blaming. They become tasteless to taste the essence of success in a day to day life. Weak students become a product of poor self confidence and poor self image.

Progress is law of nature. New changes occur every moment. We may be able to notice it or may not be able to notice it but it occurs. Positive and negative changes take place. We notice something in our life only when it becomes visible. Weak student is not product of one day. There is a thin layer difference between a good academic performer and a poor academic performer. What are the causes of poor academic performances? Why does a student not perform well in academic? What are core issues for poor academic performance? Wise parent and educator identify weak student through certain characteristics.

 

S/he  possess poor memory power
S/he  possess short attention span

S/he  is easily distracted by other things

S/he possess  poor comprehensive power
S/he possess lack of  interest in learning
S/he is having  no -confidence (in academic)

S/he is having  low self-expectation

S/he is weak in problem-solving
S/he fails  to receive  information effectively and mix things up easily

S/he faces difficulty in understanding  a little bit complex concept

S/he is unable to correlate teacher’s teaching in the class and content of lesson

S/he takes more time to complete tasks i.e. homework, class work, assignments

S/he may not follow multi-layered instruction given by teachers and parents

S/he does not prepare lesson well which results in poor score in test/assessment

S/he can aggressive and rigid out of frustration

S/he may  be or may not  create disturbance in class(discipline problem)

S/he may go outside the classroom several times for different reasons

S/he may possess poor reading skill. S/he faces difficulties in writing correct spelling, framing correct sentence and draw meaning from text

S/he may possess poor writing skill. His/her handwriting may be poor, dirty and illegible

S/he may be unable to correlate mathematical symbols, signs, and formulas. S/he may be unable to understand simple mathematical concepts.

S/he may not like teacher, way of teaching, teacher’s way of talking, teacher’s personality, teacher’s behaviour towards the student, therefore s/he develops negative learning attitude towards a subject

S/he may face family trauma like, parent looking for divorce, a child without care taker, surrounding, societies, careless environment at home

Her/ his parent may not have time to spend with kids but fulfilling all wishes/desires of ward so that child does not disturb parent. This habit develops a negative attitude among some of children which reflects in academic performance

Child is too much fond of video games, television, laptop, mobile and too much internet surfing work like negative catalyst which results in lack of lesson learning interest later it reflects in academic performance.

Child may have developed a relationship with people (elder to his/her age) or may be a person with negative attitude.


A wise educator identifies learner’s individual learning style and tries to educate the learner as the way s/he shows interest in learning. Providing comfort level of learning or at ease learning to weak student can enhance learning interest in course of time. It is very hard to identify a weak learner by a parent and a teacher. Weak student performs other tasks in a good manner. Mr. Ramdhani Yadav’s (a retired head master) grandson Prashant yadav does not show much interest in learning but he is an efficient technocrat. His grandfather installed GPS system in his four-wheeler. Prabudh installed it very well. He knows it functions very well but does not complete home work and class work on time.

Academically challenged learner or slow learner could not meet with success in the normal classroom situations for one or more reasons. However, “Nobody is inferior, and nobody is superior. One is just oneself, incomparable”. So, we firmly believe that academically challenged learner can also perform very well in the normal classroom situations. Coordination among teacher, parent and caretaker on regular basis can give best result in terms of academic improvement.

 

Rajeev Ranjan
Indian Educationist

Student Misbehavior- Is parent responsible for children’s bad behavior ?

Student Misbehavior- Is parent responsible for children’s bad behavior ?

Admission Drive-Campaign in School-Roll of supportive staffs to increase admissions
http://www.rajeevelt.com/admission-drive-campaign-in-school-roll-of-supportive-staffs-to-increase-admission-in-school-educationist/rajeev-ranjan/

Critical Thinking – Teaching Techniques for developing critical thinking skills

Critical Thinking – Teaching Techniques for developing critical thinking skills

Admission Campaign-Drive in School: Using Parent as a Brand Ambassador for School Promotion and Admission

Admission Campaign-Drive in School: Using Online Marketing Strategies for School Promotion and Admission
http://www.rajeevelt.com/admission-campaign-drive-in-school-using-online-marketing-strategies-for-school-promotion-and-admission-educationist/rajeev-ranjan/

Sex Education for Children: Need To Implement Effective Sexuality Education Programme

Sex Education for Children: Need to implement effective sexuality education programmes

Parent Teacher Meeting Importance and Benefit

Parent Teacher Meeting-Tips for Teacher-Keys Point and Core Issues

Parent Teacher Meeting- Tips for Teachers- Keys Points and Core Issues

Planning a Lesson-English Language Teaching-Developing Reading Skill With Special Objective to Focus on Grammar and Writing

Planning a Lesson- English Language Teaching-Developing-Reading Skill with Special Objective to Focus on Grammar and Writing Skill

English Language Learning: Importance and Benefits of Practice and Exposure

English language learning: Importance and benefits of practice and exposure

English Language:-Role of English Language in

English Language:- Role of English Language in India

Yoga and Meditation: Benefits and Best Characteristic Features-Why We Should Integrate Yoga in Our Life?

Yoga and Meditation: Benefits and Best Characteristics Features-Why We Should Integrate Yoga in Our Life?

Decision Making Skill: Tips and Techniques-Real Story-4 Young Girls of Class 5th Made a Difference

Decision Making Skill: Tips and Techniques-Real Story-4 Young Girls of Class 5th Made a Difference

Yoga and Meditation: Benefits of Yoga and Meditation for Teacher-Healthy Teacher Develops Healthy Mind

Yoga and Meditation: Benefits of Yoga and Meditation for Teacher-Healthy teacher develops healthy mind

Assessment and Evaluation-Aims Objectives-Tips-Example

Assessment and Evaluation- Aims-Objectives-Tips-Example

Yoga and Meditation: A Brief Introduction

Yoga and Meditation: A Brief Introduction

Planning a Lesson-English Language Teaching-Developing Writing Skill-Example

Planning a Lesson-English Language Teaching-Developing Writing Skill- Example

Exam Preparation Tips: 15 best ideas and techniques for getting high grades/score in an examination

Exam Preparation Tips: 15 best ideas and techniques for getting high grades/score in an examination

Weak Student : Teacher can make a big difference-real story of a naughty boy

Weak Student: Teacher can make a big difference- real story of a naughty boy

Student Misbehaviour: Teacher Can Make a Difference

Student Misbehavior: Teachers Can Make a Difference

Creative Thinking: 10 Best Characteristic Features of a Creative Person

Creative Thinking: 10 Best Characteristic Features of a Creative Person

Sex Education: Challenge for 21st Century Globalized World-Its Importance and Benefits

Sex Education: Challenge for 21st Century Globalized World-Its Importance and Benefits

Lesson Plan: Importance and Benefits of an Effective Lesson Planning

Lesson Plan : Importance and Benefits of an Effective Lesson Planning

Lesson Plan: Effective Lesson Planning=Effective Teaching

Lesson Plan: Effective Lesson Planning-Effective Teaching

Lesson Plan Format Sample

Lesson Plan Format Sample

Examination Tips: Importance and Benefits of Learning Question Paper Pattern and Question Language

Examination Tips: Importance and Benefit of Learning Question Paper Pattern and Questions Language

Peer Teaching –Importance and Benefits – Effective Technique for Promoting Joyful Learning

Peer Teaching –Importance and Benefits – Effective Technique for Promoting Joyful Learning

Examination Hall: Excellent and Essential Tips for Performing Well in an Examination

Examination Hall: Excellent and Essential Tips for Performing well in an Examination

Notebook Correction: Important Tips and Techniques for Ensuring Quality Learning

Notebook Correction: Important Tips and Techniques for Ensuring Quality Learning

Fear of Examination: What are the basic reasons for fear of examination?

Fear of examination: What are the basic reasons for fear of examination?

Ownership of Learning: Strategies for Getting Students to Take Responsibility for Their Learning

Ownership of Learning: Strategies for getting students to take responsibility for their learning

Parent Role in Developing Decision Making Skill in a Child

Parent role in developing decision making skill in a child

Benefits of Using Technology in the Classroom

Benefits of Using Technology in the Classroom

Respect-Values of Life-Students Character Building

Respect-Values of Life-Students-Character-Building

Multiple Intelligence

Educator

Educator

Tips for Developing Decision Making Skill

Tips for Developing Decision Making Skill

Rote Learning Importance and Benefits

Rote Learning Importance and Benefits

Decision Making

National curriculum specification-Ministerio-de-Education

national curriculum specifications – Ministerio de Educación

Characteristic of Weak Students in the Classroom

Characteristic of weak students in the classroom

Life Skill Teaching Techniques for Teacher

Life Skill Teaching Techniques for Teacher

Teaching Human Values –Importance of Developing Essential Values of Life

Teaching Human Values- Importance of Developing Essential Values Among Students

Winner and loser-amazing answers by school children-a real life experience

English Speaking Skill Tips -A Short Story of Sonia

English Speaking Skill Tips -A Short Story of Sonia

Duties and Responsibilities of an Examination in Charge

Duties and Responsibilities of an Examination in Charge

Duties and Responsibilities of a Time Table in Charge

Duties and Responsibilities of a Time Table in Charge

Life Skills Teaching-Learning -Beneficial for Holistic Development of Child

Life Skills Teaching-Learning -Beneficial for Holistic Development of Child

Preparing Lesson Plan for Effective Classroom Teaching

Preparing Lesson Plan for Effective Classroom Teaching

Teaching Human Values- Importance of Developing Essential Values Among Students

Life Skill Teaching Techniques for Teacher

Life Skill Teaching Techniques for Teacher

Posted on 2 Comments

Winner and loser-amazing answers by school children-a real life experience

Winner and loser- reason-qualities -characteristics-amazing answers by school children

Nobody is inferior and nobody is superior. Every child perceives life circumstances in a unique way.  Child’s uniqueness reflects in his thought process. We learn something new and unique things everyday in our life. An individual gets learning opportunities every moment.

We sense our learning in each passed minutes, hours and days. Child lives in his own world. S/he considers world’s problem in his own way. S/he interprets an incident and a situation at different life perspectives. A Child observation, feelings and life perspectives surprises us every moment and every interaction with him.

We were talking with class 3rd kids (8-9 years old) boys and girls in an informal interaction. Teacher asked a question” Kaun Harta Hai/Who losses/who is looser”.  It was surprising moment for the teacher. Children were enthusiastically touching different aspects of “loosing” in our life. They shared different characteristics of a looser. It means, they know the qualities of a winner.

Basically, they identified various aspects of losing in life. They correlated losing with (a) sports (b) battle (c) learning styles (d) examination (e) proper practice (f) positive attitude. Teacher used “Brainstorming” technique to feel the pulse of students. They know techniques of winning in all walks of life. A sensible educator sensitizes child’s senses and motivates them to achieve desired goal in life.

Characteristics of a looser in different walks of life:-

Sports: – Who does not play good?

Battle: – Who does not go to battlefield? (Taking Initiative) (b) Who does not win in battle? (c) Who returns home without fighting? (Struggling attitude)

Examination: – Who does not prepare for an exam? (Preparation) (b) Who does not pass in the test? (c) Who scored less marks in an exam?

Learning styles: – Who does not learn? (b) Whose handwriting is not good? (c) Whose writing speed is very slow?

Proper practice: – Who is very lazy? (b) Who does not work hard? 

Child knows very well that if s/he will work very hard and do proper practice then only we will be a winner otherwise person will be looser in his life.

Educator asked second question to the students, “Who would win/wins/is winner?”

 Educator encourages every learner to come out with proper answer. What do they think? Who wins in life? Who is winner in life? Once again children touched most essential feature of a winner or winning attitude. Children were confident on most essential feature, “working hard” and “working hard on time”.

They came up with interesting answers which reflected their awareness. Ms. Pritu said, “Who will save water; will be a winner” and Ms.Yaksha shared that “who will respect elder; will be a winner” and Ms. Pratiksha wrote that “who will follow good manner; will be a winner”.

Although, these human essential values may not directly help to become a winner but subconsciously and consciously it helps to develop a positive attitude. In fact, positive attitude is essential characteristic for winning a situation/battle and learning life skills.

Educator instills essential human values in each and every child of a class. The fact, every child is unique. God creates inbuilt good human being for the universe. Our parent, society, teacher, and school nurtures inherent talent of an individual. He shows us right path to walk and to achieve goal of our life, “a skilled personality with human values”. They already exhibit different skills and essential human values. Our core task is to make them realize the importance of right values of life at right time to become an integrated personality. Our core task is to give them right direction at right time. Our core task is to make the sensible and wise world citizen who can think for cosmic peace and prosperity.

 

Rajeev Ranjan

Indian Educationist 

Sex Education for Children: Need To Implement Effective Sexuality Education Programme
http://www.rajeevelt.com/sex-education-children-sexual-health-sexuality-facts-educationist/rajeev-ranjan/
Parent Teacher Meeting Importance and Benefit
http://www.rajeevelt.com/parent-teacher-meeting-conference-importance-benefits-indian-educationist/rajeev-ranjan/
Parent Teacher Meeting-Tips for Teacher-Keys Point and Core Issues
http://www.rajeevelt.com/parent-teacher-meeting-conference-tips-for-teachers-15-key-points-core-issues-educationist/rajeev-ranjan/
Planning a Lesson-English Language Teaching-Developing Reading Skill With Special Objective to Focus on Grammar and Writing
http://www.rajeevelt.com/planning-a-lesson-english-language-teaching-developing-reading-skill-grammar-and-writing-skill-educationist/rajeev-ranjan/
English Language Learning: Importance and Benefits of Practice and Exposure
http://www.rajeevelt.com/english-language-learning-importance-and-benefits-of-practice-and-exposure-educationist/rajeev-ranjan/
English Language:-Role of English Language in
http://www.rajeevelt.com/english-language-role-of-english-in-india-educationist/rajeev-ranjan/
Yoga and Meditation: Benefits and Best Characteristic Features-Why We Should Integrate Yoga in Our Life?
http://www.rajeevelt.com/yoga-meditation-benefits-characteristics-features-why-indian-educationist/rajeev-ranjan/
Decision Making Skill: Tips and Techniques-Real Story-4 Young Girls of Class 5th Made a Difference
http://www.rajeevelt.com/decision-making-skill-tips-techniques-real-story-example-indian-educationist/rajeev-ranjan/
Yoga and Meditation: Benefits of Yoga and Meditation for Teacher-Healthy Teacher Develops Healthy Mind
http://www.rajeevelt.com/yoga-meditation-benefits-of-yoga-for-teachers-educationist/rajeev-ranjan/
Assessment  and Evaluation-Aims Objectives-Tips-Example
http://www.rajeevelt.com/assessment-evaluation-tips-techniques-aims-objectives-indian-educationist/rajeev-ranjan/
Yoga and Meditation: A Brief Introduction
http://www.rajeevelt.com/yoga-meditation-brief-introduction-indian-educationist-patanjali/rajeev-ranjan/
Planning a Lesson-English Language Teaching-Developing Writing Skill-Example
http://www.rajeevelt.com/lesson-plan-example-english-language-teaching-developing-writing-skill/rajeev-ranjan/
Exam Preparation Tips:   15 best ideas and techniques for getting high grades/score in an examination
http://www.rajeevelt.com/exam-preparation-tips-15-best-ideas-techniques-high-score-grade-educationist/rajeev-ranjan/
Weak Student : Teacher can  make a big difference-real story of a naughty boy
http://www.rajeevelt.com/weak-student-teacher-made-difference-real-story-educationist/rajeev-ranjan/
Student Misbehaviour: Teacher Can Make a Difference
http://www.rajeevelt.com/student-misbehavior-teachers-educationist-tips-handle/rajeev-ranjan/
Creative Thinking: 10 Best Characteristic Features of a Creative Person
http://www.rajeevelt.com/creative-thinking-skill-characteristic-features-person-educationist/rajeev-ranjan/
Sex Education: Challenge for 21st Century Globalized World-Its Importance and Benefits
http://www.rajeevelt.com/sex-education-challenge-school-importance-benefits-sexual-health-sexuality-educationist/rajeev-ranjan/
Lesson Plan: Importance and Benefits of an Effective Lesson Planning
http://www.rajeevelt.com/lesson-plan-effective-planning-importance-benefits-educationist/rajeev-ranjan/
Lesson Plan: Effective Lesson Planning=Effective Teaching
http://www.rajeevelt.com/lesson-plan-planning-english-math-science-social-teacher-educationist/rajeev-ranjan/
Lesson Plan Format Sample
http://www.rajeevelt.com/lesson-plan-format-sample-english-educationist/rajeev-ranjan/
Examination Tips: Importance and Benefits of Learning Question Paper Pattern and Question Language
http://www.rajeevelt.com/examination-tips-importance-benefit-learning-question-paper-pattern-language-educationist/rajeev-ranjan/
Peer Teaching –Importance and Benefits – Effective Technique for Promoting Joyful Learning
http://www.rajeevelt.com/peer-teaching-importance-benefits-joyful-learning-educationist/rajeev-ranjan/
Examination Hall: Excellent and Essential Tips for Performing Well in an Examination
http://www.rajeevelt.com/examination-excellent-tips-getting-good-marks-educationist/rajeev-ranjan/
Notebook Correction: Important Tips and Techniques for Ensuring Quality Learning
http://www.rajeevelt.com/notebook-correction-importance-tips-and-techniques-educationist/rajeev-ranjan/
Fear of Examination: What are the basic reasons for fear of examination?
http://www.rajeevelt.com/fear-of-examination-what-are-the-basic-reasons-educationist/rajeev-ranjan/
Ownership of Learning: Strategies for Getting Students to Take Responsibility for Their Learning
http://www.rajeevelt.com/ownership-learning-theory-strategies-indian-educationist/rajeev-ranjan/
Parent Role in Developing Decision Making Skill in a Child
http://www.rajeevelt.com/decision-making-tips-develop-child-parent-educationist/rajeev-ranjan/
Benefits of Using Technology in the Classroom
http://www.rajeevelt.com/benefits-and-use-technology-classroom-indian-educationist/rajeev-ranjan/
Respect-Values of Life-Students Character Building
http://www.rajeevelt.com/respect-values-of-life-student-character-building-indian-educationist/rajeev-ranjan/
Multiple Intelligence
http://www.rajeevelt.com/multiple-intelligence-learning-theory/rajeev-ranjan/
Educator
http://www.rajeevelt.com/teacher-indian-educationist/rajeev-ranjan/
Tips for Developing Decision Making Skill
http://www.rajeevelt.com/decision-making-skill-how-develop-tips-techniques/rajeev-ranjan/
Rote Learning Importance and Benefits
http://www.rajeevelt.com/rote-learning-importance-benefits-indian-educationist/rajeev-ranjan/
Decision Making
http://www.rajeevelt.com/decision-making-tips-for-developing-educationist/rajeev-ranjan/
National curriculum specification-Ministerio-de-Education
http://www.rajeevelt.com/national-curriculum-specifications-ministerio-de-educacion/rajeev-ranjan/
Characteristic of Weak Students in the Classroom
http://www.rajeevelt.com/characteristic-of-weak-students-in-the-classroom/rajeev-ranjan/
 Life Skill Teaching Techniques for Teacher
http://www.rajeevelt.com/life-skills-teaching-techniques-for-teacher-educationist/rajeev-ranjan/
Teaching Human Values –Importance of Developing Essential Values of Life
http://www.rajeevelt.com/teaching-human-values-importance-of-developing-essential-values-life-skills-educationist/rajeev-ranjan/