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Exam School Student Worried or Become Wants to Be a Warrior- Their Perspective in Man Ki Baat

examination-tips and tricks

We are integral part of an examination driven system. Our capability is judged by our performance in the examination. Examination system truly evaluates attitude and aptitude of an individual. Examination system assesses persistent and consistent quality of an individual. An examination system evaluates our consistent nature for performing a task over a period of time. We prepare in advance for appear in an examination.

What is an “examination” for students? What do they think? What should a student do for examination? A great discussion with students from 9 years old to 16 years old students—-Do you agree with the ideas shared by the students about “examination”? Really amazing!


परीक्षा एक कसौटी है, हमें उसपर खड़ा उतरना चाहिए। 

हमे हमेशा सकरात्मक सोच रखनी चाहिए।

 हमें पढ़ाई से भागना नहीं चाहिए।  पढ़ाई चाहे २ घण्टे करो या ४ घण्टे करो, यदि आप पढ़ाई मन से नहीं करते तो पढ़ाई व्यर्थ है.

हमें परीक्षा का महत्व समझाना चाहिए। 

हमारे मन में परीक्षा का डर नहीं होना चाहिए।

हमें परीक्षा की तयारी बोझ समझ के नहीं करनी चाहिए बल्कि इसे उत्साहपूर्वक व् पूरी लगन के साथ करनी चाहिए।

परीक्षा में काम अंक प्राप्त होने पर दुखी नहीं होना चाहिए।  हमें अच्छे अंक प्राप्त करने के लिए खूब मेहनत करते रहना


 हमें परीक्षा में कम अंक लाने  पर दुखी नहीं होनी चाहिए, बल्कि उससे प्रेरणा लेनी चाहिए। हमें किसी विषय से दूर नहीं भागना चाहिए। हमें अपने कमजोर विषय को मजबूत विषय बनाना चाहिए। 

 हमें ज्ञान प्राप्ति  के लिए पढ़ना चाहिए, न कि  अंक प्राप्ति के लिए क्योंकि अगर हमें सही ज्ञान की प्राप्ति होती है तो अंक अपने आप आएगा।

पूरी लगन व् अपनी क्षमता से परीक्षा की तैयारी  करनी चाहिए।  अंक अपने आप आएंगे।

हमें प्रश्न को ध्यान से पढ़कर व् सोच समझकर उत्तर देना चाहिए। 

परीक्षा देते समय हमें अपना आत्म विश्वास व् आत्म अनुशासन बनाये रखनी चाहिए।   

  यह जीवन बहुत मुश्किल से पाए है हमें अपने जीवन में हमेशा अच्छा सोचना चाहिए व् कुछ अच्छा  करने की चाहत  रखनी चाहिए।

Rajeev Ranjan

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Math Study Tips and Tricks for Scoring Good Marks in Board Exam –15 Simple and Amazing Ideas to Learn Mathematics

Low confidence in Math subject during the exam is common phenomena with board aspirant students. Students often commit silly mistakes in the final exam. Mathematics demands consistent practice and comprehensive conceptual knowledge to score good marks in the board examination. Peer assessment helps one another student to identify his own mistakes on the answer sheet which happened intentional or un-intentionally.

Generally board aspirant solve “Math’s Sample Paper” before the final board examination to have a command on Mathematics. In fact it helps students to develop habit of solving actual question paper comfortably and students get answers of exam related  following queries like (a) how to solve paper in within three hours (b) what are the common mistake occur during the examination (c) how to solve difficult question (d) which section should be start 1st in the examination (e) what should student do when s/he feels inability to solve a particular problem (f) what are other common mistakes which a student commits in the examination in Math (g) how to do time management (h) what are common ideas to overcome difficulties and score good marks in Math.

For finding the root cause of these above mentioned problems, we initiated sample paper practice programme in an artificially created exam center. We were stick with time only. There was no invigilator in the classroom to help students. Students have to solve paper in 3 hours. We asked our students to do peer assessment of solved sample paper for 45 minutes and instructed mathematics teacher for evaluating their students’ answer sheet. We asked each student to discuss his/her problems while s/he was solving Math’s’ sample paper.

We find some common problems with each and every student which we listed here. These are as following

Problems Description/reason of problem
Conceptual problem Solving mathematical problem in wrong way due to lack of comprehension
Calculation problem Wrong calculation, jump over final answer
Language problem Faced problems in mathematical tricky question
Formulas problem Forget formula/written another formula
Theorem problem/Essential situation for theorem  Confused in theorem, do not write essential situations of theorem
Construction problem Write mathematical construction in incorrectly
Unit problem Wrong calculation, over calculation, leave calculation, jump on final calculation
Diagram/Figure Habit of drawing wrong figure and diagram, putting wrong values
Specific problem in probability, statics, Question asks to solve ‘mean’- student proved mean, medium, mode Confused in probability based question(what to do)
Presentation on answer sheet Habit of leave question Incomplete/half done/half done then cross whole derivations/steps, over writing,  
Time Management Giving so much time on 1-3 marks questions, trying to solve a single question 2-3 times/focus on single question

Generally 20-30%, Mathematics questions are tricky and also require elaborate steps during solving these questions. In fact students commit many mistakes due to their wrong attitude towards the subject. Either we consider Math paper too easy or we create havoc on ourselves for its complexity. It is observed during peer assessment that students become excited when they find math’ question paper is easy which finally leads to silly mistakes like missing steps, simple calculation errors etc, or they become unnecessarily nervousness and fearful. Mathematician feels that students commits mistakes in mathematics due to  lack of Practice, lack of concentrationexam fear and pressure, mental tiredness, limited time and an effort to solve questions quickly.

How to Avoid Mistakes for Scoring Good Marks in Math

Magical Tips and Trick Only for You Because It is only You Who Have to Implement It

Identify the nature/pattern of your mistakes in math’s/Spot/Finding out one’s own mistakes help to make specific strategies for specific problems 
Be familiar and friendly with mathematical formulas
Know how to use, when to use and where to use specific formula
Math Study Tips and Techniques
Math Study Tips
Math Study Tips for scoring Good marks in board exam

Relax and Be Confident– If you consider above written points, integrated in your mathematics learning process and indeed, you have studied reasonably; have been doing practice prescribed math syllabus consistently and continuously; you will shine like star in Mathematics. Last but not least cheer yourself and use your presence of mind, your logic and of course your common sense and your firm faith in God…………… If you are ———————————————————–! Mathematics is not more complex than your firm determination and your hard work. Mathematical complexity melts in the hand of hard worker. If you are!


Rajeev Ranjan

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Math Study Tips and Tricks-How to Score Good Marks in Mathematics in Board Exam

Math Study Tips and Tricks

Love me or hate me; I will remain forever in your life. I am mathematics; “Life is incomplete without me”. Rajeev Ranjan

Life is full of addition, deletion, multiplication, division and supposition.    Mathematics teaches us ways of living a happy, prosperous and rational life. Can we imagine a good life without math? Cannot we! Rajeev Ranjan

Self Assessment – Think Over

What things and ideas help student to have command in Mathematics and to score good marks in the examination? What do you think? Consider yourself before giving following points answer

  1. A Big speech by a mathematics expert in the classroom
  2. A Big lecture by your mathematics teacher in the classroom
  3. A void promise made by students to score well in the examination
  4. Students’ never ending story of their confusion
  5. Watching most viewed Video Lecture series on “YouTube and Other Online Resources”
  6. Learning mathematical formulas during an academic session and time to time revision of those formulas
  7. Solving theorem mentioned in different unit i.e. Algebra, Trigonometry, Calculus to clarify all doubts and develop better comprehension
  8. Having knowledge of different diagrams and different mathematical derivations
  9. Solving mathematical sums by own
  10. Taking help from Mathematics teacher to clear your doubts
  11. Practicing different mathematical problems actually on paper regularly and tirelessly  
  12. Solving board based ‘Sample Paper’ by own for developing  good command on different types of questions their language and pattern and learning time- management skill to solve all mathematical sums correctly during examination
  13. Without practicing  mathematical sums  on the paper; having firm faith in God that Miracle may happen during the exam and you will solve all questions paper without any problem and secure good marks without hard work  

Did you get the answer of these questions i.e. (a) How to learn math? (b) How to study mathematics for exams? (c)  How can we study math effectively? (d)  How to become good at math? (e)  How can we understand math very well? (f) How do we prepare Mathematics for board exam?

Mathematics an Amazing Subject

Mathematics is the most interesting and amazing subject. Mathematics may be appearing tough for a lazy and idle person but it is a big weapon for a rational thinker, and a hard worker who loves practicing math on regular basis.

Importance and Benefits – Having Command on NCERT Mathematics Book

Have you solved all the mathematical problems of NCERT book? Haven’t you. No problem at all. 1st focus on completing NCERT book syllabus and revise them properly once and twice. Review last 10 years mathematics question papers of   board examination, you will find that all most all questions belong to NCERT books; however language may differ from actual question.  Give priority to solving NCERT Mathematics book and then go for other resource mathematics books available in the market.  

Miracle Effect of Mathematical Formula in Learning Mathematics and Scoring Well in an Exam

Do you know total number of formula used in your NCERT books? Have you tried to learn them? Have you collected those mathematical formulas at one place? Haven’t you. Fine, now today collect all formulas at one place (may be on chart paper, and main mathematics notebook). Can you revise it regularly?  Cannot you! Common wise students! There are hardly 40-50 mathematical formulas in your math’s book. You know yourself; several times you have learnt so many big texts. Mathematical formulas contain digits and signs. Isn’t it? It is easy to learn but strictly follow only one condition. Guess What!  It is very simple and effective, “Frequently and repeatedly revise it and have fun in revising these formulas. Why? Because, we have to score high marks in exam and small –small mathematical formula helps   us to solve mathematical problems very easily.  Be stand in the line of highest score achiever in Math. Common brilliant guys; you can do it.

Amazing Effect of Learning Mathematics Theorem in Developing Mathematical Comprehension and Scoring Well in an Exam

I solve all the theorem at home but I always forget in the examination hall, said Rohit in a low tone during the “feedback session after solving –Sample Paper of Math. 7/20 students shared same problems during that interactive session with Math teacher and other expert members. How many times you have tried to solve theorem or solved seriously? There are hardly 15-10 theorems are mentioned in the different unit of math text book. Can we not learn these 15th theorems? Can we? Is it a difficult task? Isn’t. Yes we can learn 15 theorems in an academic year (180-230 days). You did not do it till date; no problem at all. Do you have 10-20 days in our hand before your exam? If the answer is “Yes”, we can start learning 15 theorems right now.  Cannot we. Common brilliant guys; you can do it. You have done miracle in your life and learning hardly 15 theorems is in fact, an easy task to do but remember one thing ‘nothing happens in our life magically’, every single achievement is the result of firm decision to do it now and the result of hard work we did to achieve it.

Are You Still Confused ?

Confused and full of low confidence students commit several mistakes in the examination hall. They miscalculate the mathematical formulas, solution of a mathematical problem, write wrong signs and symbols i.e. (+) addition instead of (-) subtraction, (X) multiplication instead of division (÷) or (×,≤, ≥,÷). So many students wrote wrong equation and put wrong formula during solving mathematical problems. Most of students solve only 60-70% of a mathematical problem and become confused in between the steps during an exam. It happens due to lack of language comprehension.  Many students could not comprehend the question’s language. This is a sign of lack of practice.

Keys Points

Practice Questions of NCERT Mathematics Book

Remembering Mathematical Formulas of NCERT book

Have clear knowledge of different theorem

Avoid committing mistakes in “Units/Mathematical Signs & Symbols

Understanding Language, (Meaning/Expression) of Questions

Mathematics is an amazing subject, in fact, a subject of practice and wise student practices mathematical sums on paper with pen and pencil. Solving so many sample papers completely for 3 hours before the examination and solving different mathematical sums in an academic year helps students to become familiar with actual language of different types of questions.

Rajeev Ranjan

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Peer Assessment- Importance and Benefits for Effective Learning and Scoring Good Marks/Grades in Exam

Peer Assessment- Importance and Benefits for Effective Learning and Scoring Good Marks/Grades in Examination

What a wonderful moment! Nothing can be more effective than “Peer Assessment” in the classroom. Students were evaluating solved sample paper answer sheet of their classmates.  Each student evaluated other student’s answer sheet in true sprite. In fact, teacher hesitates to share different level of student’s mistakes directly with him. As teachers, we fear to share hard truth with student. We fear that our open, and direct feedback can have adverse effect on students.  Peer feedback has not adverse effect on students; it has positive effect on students and they take as a challenge to correct themselves for getting better score in the examination.

Peer assessment is an effective tool to impart quality learning in the classroom. Students solved ‘Sample Paper of Social Science as practice in the classroom. Students solved their question paper in 3 hours. They exchanged their answer sheet and evaluated all the answer for 1 hour. It was wonderful experience. They evaluated their peers answer sheets.  Student’s observation was minute and precise. Student gave feedback on widely covered mistakes i.e. from spelling mistakes to sentence formation, and from   formatting problems to quality content (a) Richa has written 2 answer while question consists of 1 mark. (b) Shreya has not given proper space between two words. (3) Anjali has written two much answers for 3 marks question. (d) Anju has written repeatedly same points.

Students minutely assessed their peer answer sheets. Ripunjay has written wrong answer. Question no 23 was from economics (role of education and women empowerment in economic development of a country) but she has written answer from Political Science. We found out several points during “Peer Assessment” Session. An alert learner will convert these shortcomings into great outcome which will surely help board examinee to score good marks in Social Science and other subjects. Students pointed out several mistakes of their classmates during “Peer Assessment Session” which can be corrected and implemented in other subjects also, since so many students committed very common mistakes in their answer sheet.

Key points of Peer Assessment in Social Science:-

  • Language Problems- Accuracy & Fluency
  • Grammatical mistakes
  • Problem in sentence formation
  • Incomplete sentence
  • Meaningless sentence
  • Habit of writing long sentence i.e. without punctuation marks
  • Spelling mistakes
  • Habit of writing either /or while writing answer
    Lack  of understanding the question language
  • Words limits (More than need/Very less content)
  • Either very less words 
  • Or over the limit words

  • Habit of not  writing precise answer
  • Inappropriate points in paragraph
  • Points written but without explanation ( however explanation required)
  • Lack of examples/Irrelevant examples/illustrations

 Benefits of Peer Assessment in Scoring Good Marks/Grades in Exam

Identifying Mistakes in Others Answer sheet and sharing with same age group of learners, motivates all students to set a benchmark for themselves and for improving their past mistakes in next attempt.

While listening to other mistakes from the same age group of learners help them to indentify one’s own mistake. Peer assessment alerts all learners towards all possible mistakes. Peer feedback awakes other learners that these types of mistakes may be or may not be occurred by them during examination.

Students learn a lot when s/he finds his classmates has written appropriate answer of a particular question. Peer gives feedback on all positive and negatives aspects. Peer assessment provides learner an opportunity to learn from mistakes as well as learn from quality content based answer. They can learn following points – (a)  What is parameter of writing a good answer? (b) What are the common mistakes which happen during examination? (c)  What are the basic mistakes which they can avoid during the examination? (d) How to write a good answer?

Peer teaching and peer assessment impart impactful learning experience in the classroom. Peer assessment makes himself alerts and aware while finding out the loopholes/mistakes in other’ answer sheet. Suppose, Mr. Sameer checked Ms. Garima answer sheet and pointed out that Ms. Garima has not written appropriate example in question number 7 and in question number 24, she wrote irrelevant points.  Will this observation help Mr. Sameer/Garima and other classmates in writing correct answer? Of course, it does not only help Garima but also whenever Sameer will attempt to write answer of question type (24), she will try to write relevant points. 

Peer assessment provides learning platform in a friendly environment. Students can laugh on other student’s silly mistake but at inner core student also understands that s/he may also commit same mistake. Generally it is observed that student learns his best when s/he feels something without any pressure.

Rajeev Ranjan

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Effects and Benefits of Pariksha Pe Charcha 2.0 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Students – How to become an exam warrior

Pariksha Pe Charcha 2

Effect of Pariksha Pe Charcha 2.0 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Students – How to become an exam warrior

The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, today, interacted with students, teachers and parents, as part of Pariksha Pe Charcha 2.0 at Talkatora Stadium, New Delhi. Honourable Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi discussed core issues related to life of students, teachers and parents during the examination and all stakeholders’ pre and post examination effect. Is a person’s life more than one examination? What are essential issues that should be taken utmost care by students, teachers and parents?

The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi interacting with school and college students, during the ‘Pariksha Par Charcha 2.0’, in New Delhi on January 29, 2019.

We organized an open discussion in the class with all students after Pariksha Pe Charcha 2.0. Students came up with rational ideas and answers. Positive effect of Pariksha Pe Charcha 2.0 can be felt in the eyes of students. Everyone felt a positive spark in the eyes of students.

We asked them to summarize today’s interaction of honorable Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi with students, teachers and parents community from all over the world. Today so many students brought it–

Each and every student tried to interpret his own way the Prime Minister’s interaction with students from different corner of the world. One thing was very clear that each student was mesmerized by the outcome of the discussion in “Pariksha Pe Charcha 2.0”. When I was going through students summary/keys points of their learning in “Pariksha Pe Charcha 2.0”, they might be written grammatically incorrect but they were fully satisfied with the discussion points of the Prime Minister. Every student imprinted some of final dialogue of “Pariksha Pe Charcha 2.0” i.e.
लक्ष्य ऐसा होना चाहिए जो पहुंच में हो लेकिन पकड़ में न हो
निशान चूक जाएं तो  माफ हो सकता हैं लेकिन निशान नीचा हो तो कोइ माफी नहीं.
निराशा में डूबा हुआ समाज या व्यक्ति किसी का भला नहीं कर सकता इसीलिए आशा और अपेक्षा अनिवार्य होती है। 
जो सफल लोग होते हैं, उन पर समय का दबाव नहीं होता है। ऐसा इसलिए क्योंकि उन्होंने अपने समय की कीमत समझी होती है।
“Pariksha Pe Charcha 2.0” has magical effect on each and every student. We hope that student will impart these life learning lesson for the prosperity of self, society and nation.

Rajeev Ranjan

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Learning Life Skills/ Lesson for Students Teachers and Parents by Prime Minister Narendra Modi/ How to become an Exam Warrior

The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi interacting with school and college students, during the ‘Pariksha Par Charcha 2.0’, in New Delhi on January 29, 2019.

The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, today, interacted with students, teachers and parents, as part of Pariksha Pe Charcha 2.0 at Talkatora Stadium, New Delhi. Honourable Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi discussed core issues related to life of students, teachers and parents during the examination and all stakeholders’ pre and post examination effect. Is a person’s life more than one examination? What are essential issues that should be taken utmost care by students, teachers and parents?

A successful person sets up a standard for himself. It is essential in life.

प्रधानमंत्री मोदी ने कहा कि कसौटी कसती है, कसौटी कोसने के लिए नहीं होती है. जीवन में हर पल कसौटी का होना बहुत जरुरी है, कसौटी बुरी नहीं होती, हम उसके साथ किस प्रकार के साथ deal करते है उसपर depend करता है।  हमें जी- जान से मेहनत करते रहना चाहिए व् अपने आपको को अपने कसौटी पे तौलते रहना चाहिए. जिंदगी का मतलब ही होता है गति। जिन्दगी का मतलब ही होता है सपने। परीक्षा बुरी नहीं होती है परीक्षा एक अवसर होता है. इसे उत्सब के जैसा मनाना चाहिए. यह अपने सामर्थ्य को परखने का एक सुनहरा अवसर है. हमें ज्ञान प्राप्ति करते रहना चाहिए , अंक खुद व् खुद आयेंगे. आपके भीतर अपने ऊपर विस्वास होना चाहिए. आप यह सोचे कि मैं एक येसी स्थिति पैदा करूँगा —-अगर आपने एक बार जीतना तय कर लिया है तो जीत तय है. विजयी निश्चित है.

The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi interacting with school and college students, during the ‘Pariksha Par Charcha 2.0’, in New Delhi on January 29, 2019.

अपेक्षा व् आशा

Expectations are essential….we can’t be living in an atmosphere of despair and unhappiness.
When people have aspirations from a person, it is good. Clarity of thought and conviction are essential.

जीवन में अपेक्षा और आशा एक नयी उर्जा प्रदान करता है. अपेक्षाओ को पूरी करने के लिए खूब मेहनत करते रहना चाहिए. प्रधानमंत्री मोदी ने कहा कि अपेक्षाओं के बोझ में हमें दबना नहीं चाहिए। अपेक्षाओं को पूरा करने के लिए अपने आपको सजा करना चाहिए। अपेक्षा आवशयक होती है। अपेक्षा की वजह से ही हमे कुछ ज्यादा करने की इच्छा होती है।  निराशा में डूबा हुआ समाज या व्यक्ति किसी का भला नहीं कर सकता इसीलिए आशा और अपेक्षा अनिवार्य होती है। आप अपनी तुलना अपने पुराने रिकॉर्ड से कीजिए, आप competition अपने रिकॉर्ड से कीजिए, आप अपने रिकॉर्ड ब्रेक कीजिए, आप अगर खुद के रिकॉर्ड ब्रेक करेंगे तो आपको कभी भी निराशा के गर्त में डूबने का मौका नहीं आयेगा 

लक्ष्य का निर्धारण- लक्ष्य सा होना चाहिए जो पहुंच में हो लेकिन पकड़ में न हो

लक्ष्य हमेशा बड़ा होना चाहिए.  पीएम मोदी ने कहा कि लक्ष्य हमारे सामर्थ्य के साथ जुड़ा होना चाहिए और अपने सपनों की ओर ले जाने वाला होना चाहिए। उन्होंने एक कहावत के द्वारा समझाया कि निशान चूक जाएं तो  माफ हो सकता हैं लेकिन निशान नीचा हो तो कोइ माफी नहीं, लक्ष्य एसा होना चाहिए जो पहुंच में हो लेकिन पकड़ में न हो। जब हमारा लक्ष्य पकड़ में आएगा तो उसी से हमें नए लक्ष्य की प्रेरणा मिलेगी।

The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi with the students, during the ‘Pariksha Par Charcha 2.0’, in New Delhi on January 29, 2019.

टेक्नोलॉजी का सदुपयोग

Technology should lead to expansion of the mind and as a means to innovate.

हमें टेक्नोलॉजी का सदुपयोग करना चाहिए. टेक्नोलॉजी का उपयोग अपने सामर्थ्य बढ़ोतरी के लिए करनी चाहिए. खुले मेदान में खेलना ये जीवन का हिस्सा होना चाहिए और बच्चो को टेक्नोलोजी की सही दिशा में ले जाना चाहिए।

कैरियर का चुनाव

क्या आप अपने पसंद –नापसंद के बारे में जानते है? क्या आप अपने पसंद के काम के लिए कुछ करते है?

करियर चुनाब में सबसे बड़ी समस्या खुद का भ्रमित होना होता है. मुझमे  खुद अपनी क्षमता , अपनी दक्षता व्  अपनी काबिलियत  पहचानने का गुण हो. मै क्या करना चाहता हूँ और  मै क्या अच्छे से कर सकता हूँ वो मुझे पता हो.  हमारे मन में स्पष्टता होनी चाहिए. आपके शिक्षक इसमें बड़ी मददं  कर सकते है क्योंकि आपके शिक्षक आपको बहुत दिनों से जानते है. अपनी क्षमता के आधार पर ही  कैरियर का चुनाव करना चाहिए. इस काम में दूसरों से मदद लेने में हमसब को हिचक नहीं होनी चाहिए.  

समय का सदुपयोग

जो सफल लोग होते हैं, उन पर समय का दबाव नहीं होता है। ऐसा इसलिए क्योंकि उन्होंने अपने समय की कीमत समझी होती है। हर इन्सान के पास २४ घंटे ही होते है. जरुरत  है आत्मवलोकन की -सही दिशा में व् सही समय पर  कार्य
सम्पादित करने की. जिस दिन आप यह सोच लेंगे कि हम अपने समय को बर्बाद न होने दूंगा उस दिन से आप नित नयी उंचाईयों को पाएंगे.


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Social Science Exam Preparation Tips Tricks and Strategies for Getting Good Marks in Board Exam

Broadly, Social Science syllabus can be divided into 7 parts. When we analyze a chapter of Social Science, we find that a chapter consists of 7 main categories i.e

Wise students read lesson intensively and develop a deep level of understanding in Social Science subjects “History, Geography, Political Science and Economics”. Getting high score in board examination heavily depends on comprehensive knowledge of different historical, social, political and economic key points and issues along with learning ability of “different terms, concept, days , dates and data, facts, figure writers, explorer, thinkers, books and crucial core issues of past, current and major challenges in near future.

How to develop a comprehensive knowledge in Social Science t? How can we score high marks in Social Science? What are the tips, tricks and strategies for getting good marks in social Science?

“Important Terms and Concepts”

“Important Terms and Concepts”   Subject Wise
Nationalism, Despotism, Ethnicity, Peace settlement, Domino effect, Rowlatt Act etc, History
Sustainable Development, Green Revolution, Geo-thermal energy, Golden Quadrilateral Geography
Power sharing, Legislative, Linguistic state, Family Laws, Mobilization, Social Movement Political Science
Primary sector, Literacy rate, Underemployment, Demand deposits, Globalization, Per capita income Economics

Tips to Score High Marks in This Section

This section is very easy for students. Students learn important terms and key concepts word to word. Generally, important terms and key concepts consist of 1 word to 30 words, therefore it is very easy to learn and reproduce. Each student has own technique to remember something for a long time, however there are two well tried techniques help students to remember important key terms and concepts for a long time.

1st – Repetition – learning key terms and key concepts so many times and reproducing those points either in terms of re-writing or verbally representation so many times

2nd – Revision – revising key terms and key concept frequently over a period of time (7days/10 days/15 days/30 days

Wise students present important terms and key concepts word to word as it is mentioned in the text book. There is less space and opportunity for students to deviate from the prescribed statement.

“Important Days & Dates/Periods,”

“Important Facts/Figures/Revolutionary Figures/Writers/Explorers/Thinkers/Books”

“Definitions and Descriptions of an Event and Its Impact on Society, Nation and at World Level, “Characteristics of an historical, cultural and economic event/incident/decision”,

“Classification & Differences between two events/incidents/social issues/issues related to different systems”,

“Classification & Differences Subject Wise
 Difference between ‘Nationalism and Romanticism/Liberalism and Conservatism/Non-cooperation Movement and Civil Disobedience Movement History
Difference between ‘Conventional and Non- Conventional Energy’/‘Agro-based industries and Mineral- based industries Geography
Difference between ‘ Coming Together and Holding Together Federation, One Party System and Multiparty System, Democracy and Dictatorship/ Political Science
Difference between ‘ developed countries and developing countries, organized sector and un-organized sector, investment and foreign investment / Do you think the classification of economic activities into primary, secondary, and tertiary is useful? Explain how. Economics

Tips to Score high Marks in this section:-

  1. Be precise
  2. Write points wise according to questions (words limits/limit points) and marks allotted for a specific question
  3. Include and integrate related key words/key terms in your point
  4. Give appropriate examples if it requires to include( Condition)
  5.  Do not repeat same points several-times
  6. Remember the theory of ‘demand and supply’

Rajeev Ranjan

Read Valuable Related Articles- Exam Preparation Tips and Tricks

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How to score good marks in Social Science/Exam Preparation Tips and Tricks for Student

Exam Preparation Tips and Tricks for Student 

NCERT developed an integrated curriculum for class IX & X. Social Science syllabus appears quite lengthy for most of the students; however it is not lengthy but a comprehensive syllabus. Students score very high marks in CBSE board examination. Wise students complete CBSE prescribed syllabus on time. Intensive reading, better comprehension and better expression are keys for getting the highest score in Social Science.

How to score good marks in Social Science

Let first understand the objective of Social Science Curriculum for class IX & X 

The main objective of Social Science Curriculum is to

  1. Develop an understanding of the process of change and latest development
  2. View different life perspectives in a wider context of time , space and place
  3. Develop a comprehensive understanding of Indian and World Cultural, Historical, Economical and Societal development over a period of time (from ancient, medieval and modern time)
  4. Develop a comprehensive understanding of its surrounding systems i.e. Function of Government, Elections, etc

A better understanding of question paper pattern and nature of questions lead to get high score in board exam.  Social Science question paper consist four types of questions for evaluating different level of understanding.  Social Science Question Paper has 27 questions in all. 

  1. Questions from serial number 1 to7 are very short answer type questions. Each question carries one mark. (1x 7=7)
  2. Questions from serial number 8 to18 are 3 marks questions. ( words limit -80) (11x 3=33)
  3. Questions from serial number 19 to 25 are 5 marks questions. ( words limit -100) (7x 5=35)
  4. Question numbers 26 & 27 are map questions from History with 1 mark each. Question number 28 is map question of 3 marks from Geography. (2x 1=2)
  5. For Q. Nos. 26, 27 and 28 (map based questions) one outline political map of India is provided. (3x 1=3)
  6. Questions at Serial Number – 20, 22, 24 & 25 have Internal Choice. Students must attempt “any one option” out of the given in each of these questions.

Assessment & Evaluation Facts to Remember for Developing Better Understanding ,and  Planning for Scoring High in Board Examination

Road Map of Social Questions-Typology of Questions (Secondary School Curriculum)

  1. Remembering (Knowledge based simple recall questions, to know specific facts, terms, concepts, principles, or theories; identify, define or recite information)- {20 %}
  2. Understanding (Comprehension – to be familiar with meaning and to understand conceptually, interpret, compare, contrast, explain, paraphrase, or interpret information)-{20 %}
  3. Application (Use abstract information in concrete situation, to apply knowledge to new situations, use given content to interpret a situation, provide an example, or solve a problem) -{26 %}
  4. High Order Thinking Skills (Analysis & Synthesis – Classify, compare, contrast, or differentiate between different pieces of information, Organize and/or integrate unique pieces of information from a variety of sources) {20 %}
  5. Creating, Evaluation and Multi-Disciplinary (Generating new ideas, product or ways of viewing things, appraise, judge, and/or justify) – {8 %}
  6. Map Skill -{06 %}

Tips and Tricks for Scoring High in Social Science  

Hard work is keys to success. Scoring high in board examination solely depends on student’s understanding of different topics in his own language. Most of the key terms and concepts can be correlated to daily life circumstances. Wise students correlate textual knowledge with worldly knowledge.

Read the chapter thoroughly

Intensive reading helps students in developing a better understanding of the subjects. Contextual reading helps student to remember something for a long time, because key terms, definition, date and differentiation mentioned in the textbook with proper examples. Isolated learning of key terms and different crucial date confuse student at exam time.

Preparing own notes

Since, Social science is vast subject. Students need to develop a comprehensive understanding of complete syllabus. Wise students prepare own notes. It helps student to remember Social Science facts and figure, i.e. mind map, flow chart, pie chart, key points and key terms in simple way.

Practice board based question paper

Generally, it has been observed that students learn key terms but when it comes to solve questions mentioned it question paper. They become confuse. A better understanding of question paper helps student to right specific content for specific question. Usually, board question paper evaluates students’ skill to remember facts, figure and dates (factual understanding), comprehension skill to interpret, compare, contrast, explain, paraphrase, or interpret information, question based on application evaluates students to use appropriate content for interpret a given situation, provide an example, or solve a problem, question based on HOTS to classify, compare, contrast, or differentiate between different pieces of information in unique way, generating new ideas based on given context/ correlating given context/integrating new ideas in developing good context with appropriate examples.

Write Appropriate Answer with Relevant Key Words and Illustrations

Wise students develop own quality content in terms of writing appropriate words, relevant sentences and interpret a given situation with justifiable illustration. Learning is not enough if we could not express with suitable key words and keys points. The writing skill will develop only when student practices short questions, very long questions and HOTS question, shows his/her answer to the teachers and peers, takes real feedback, and correct his/her weak points in a next attempt. It is continuous process because (a) application based questions (b) long questions and (c) HOTS question demand appropriate precise content, fluency of ideas and accuracy of sentence.

Proper Practice of Maps

Map consists of 5 marks in paper. Proper knowledge of “Political as well as Physical Map” helps students to score high marks in Social Science. General students may or may not attempt Map questions; wise students learn properly the skill of “Location Identification and Labelling” different place, i.e.  Major countries of First World War/ Nantes, Paris/ Allied Powers – France, England, (Russia), America (History) and India-States with Capitals, Tropic of Cancer, Standard Meridian National Parks : Corbett, Kaziranga, Ranthambor, Shivpuri, Kanha, Simlipal & Manas (Geography) on Map. It is quite technical. Practice location identification and lebelling it on proper map lead towards better understanding of different locations.

Deep understanding with appropriate expression on Paper

Learning “Important Terms and Concepts”, “Important Days & Dates”, “Definitions and Descriptions of an Event and Its Impact on Society, Nation and at World Level, “Characteristics of an historical, cultural and economic event/incident/decision”, “Classification & Differences between two events/incidents/social issues/issues related to different systems in Social Science is essential needs but expressing facts, figure, data, data interpretation precisely and appropriately in another most crucial thing. Getting high score in Social Science is integration of understanding of facts and figure and expressing them appropriately.

Rajeev Ranjan

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Tips and Tricks to Score 100% Marks in English Literature Section C Class 10/Exam Preparations Techniques to Get Good Marks

Tips and Tricks to Score 100% Marks in English Literature Section C Class 10

English Literature section is an interesting section in board examinations. Most of students assume that they will perform well in this section. A large number of Indian English Language teacher organize ‘literature’ oriented classroom; they spend a lot of time on “reading” ‘explaining text’ and dictating exercise based questions. It is observed that English language teacher leaves extensive activities based on ‘writing skill, grammar, listening and speaking’ and asks student to do its own. English Language Teaching is an integrated task where we need to distribute our teaching time equally to “Reading, Writing, Listening and Speaking skill”.

Naturally, students feel very comfortable in short answer types questions i.e. questions word length 30-40 words carrying 2 mark, however questions based on “read the extract and answer based on given text” demands intensive “reading skill” and adequate practice before the examination to score 4/4. Most of students score an average marks(may be 5/8, 6/8) in long answer types questions in about 100-120 words carrying 8 marks and also the question based on prescribed novel text for extended reading in about 200-250 words carrying 10 marks.

What are the objective of assessment and evaluation of Language and Literature Section?

Recalling, reasoning, textbook appreciating, applying literary conventions, extrapolating, illustrating and justifying, extracting relevant information, identifying the central theme and sub-themes, understanding the writer’s message and write fluently….(Secondary School Curriculum 2018-19)

Question Type 1- Read the Extract Given from prescribed textbook

Question paper consists two questions (a or b) based on “Read the Extract”. Students need to attempt only one question out of two extracts from prose/poetry/play. This question evaluates student’s skill “reference to context”. There are 4 questions (a, b, c, d); mainly questions evaluates students global comprehension and textual interpretation skill i.e. what does the speaker mean, whom is he addressing/why was —— /find out the synonyms/antonyms/which qualities/explain the statement/explain the term ‘the sleeping countryside’/ What does ‘ glance’ imply in the given lines?

Tips for Student for Scoring Full Marks  :-

  1. Identify the Name of Lesson
  2. Identify the Name of Author/Poet/Dramatist
  3. Read the given extract carefully
  4. Identify key words/key concept
  5. Identify the speaker/character
  6. Recall the theme of poem/prose lesson
  7. Recall the context of the lesson/poem/play

Question Type 2 – Short Answer Type Questions from FIRST FLIGHT and FOOTPRINTS WITHOUT FEET /Literature Reader

Generally, this section consists of 4-5 questions to test local and global comprehension of theme and ideas (30-40 words each, 2×5 = 10 marks/ 2×4 = 8 Marks). Usually, most of the students score 8/8, 10/10 in this section. This section is easy in comparison to ‘read the extract’ section since English Language Teacher focuses so much on this section during academic session.

Question Type 3- Long Answer Type Questions FIRST FLIGHT and FOOTPRINTS WITHOUT FEET

In fact, long types question demands a lot of practice, creativity, imagination and extrapolation beyond the text and across the texts. General student scores 6/8 due to lack of poor content, logical development of paragraph, accuracy of sentences etc.  This question expects a student to be more factual, practical and vigilant before writing answer. Wise student scores 8/8 if his answer reflects meaningful points (based on factual comprehension and global comprehension of the text), proper development of ideas, sequential and chronological development of ideas, better illustration and explanations. This question presents tough and thoughtful challenges for brilliant student. This question also puts a challenge before evaluator to be more alert and do justice with student.

Question Type 4- Very Long Answer Type Questions from’ Extended Reading Text’

This question slightly differs from question type 3.Basically this question is based on theme or plot involving interpretation, inference and character i.e. “In the life of Helen Keller, Ms. Anne Sullivan acts as an inspiration behind her extraordinary life. Justify with suitable instances from the text”/ Give a pen portrait of Dr. Alexender Graham Bell/ What are Anne’s views about the Laws that restrict the Jews’ freedom / Why was Helen withdrawn from the Gilman School and how did she further pursue here education/ What happened as a result of the plagiarizing incident for Helen? What was the effect of this event on her life?(CBSE, 2017, 2018)

Tips for students for Scoring Full Marks in Long Answer Type Questions

Generally if a question carries 8 marks then the teacher gives marks on the basis of following criteria:-

Content- 4 Marks (precise, concise, specific, exact, accurate, details, summarizing, illustrious, relevant examples, creative thoughts, logical and judicious points related to the topic)

Fluency -2 Marks (Development of ideas in sequence, chronological order, flow of thoughts in right order)

Accuracy- 2 Marks (Grammatical Accuracy-Meaningful sentence, Spelling)

If a question carries 10 marks then the evaluator gives marks on the basis of following criteria:-

Content- 6 Marks (precise, concise, specific, exact, accurate, details, summarizing, illustrious, relevant examples, creative thoughts, logical and judicious points related to the topic)

Fluency -2 Marks (Development of ideas in sequence, chronological order, flow of thoughts in right order)

Accuracy- 2 Marks (Grammatical Accuracy-Meaningful sentence, Spelling)

Evaluator follows the marking scheme formula which is given by the board. Teacher evaluates Question Type 3, 4 answers on the basis of “Content, Fluency and Accuracy”. Broadly speaking, a general students attempt all the questions of ‘Literature Textbook and Supplementary Reading Text’ Section C but it is very hard to score more than 23-24 out of 30 marks. The basic difference among different types of learners occur due to 1 mark in ‘extract reading text’ and 4-5 marks in Question Type 3, 4 because getting full marks demands a lot of writing practice, quality content, fluency of thoughts and accuracy in sentence pattern. Wise students works a lot and do writing practices for long answer questions. They develop good writing skill by taking real feedback from peers, friends and teachers. Writing 200-250 words in an exam is not an easy task but surely it is possible with adequate practices, well textual understanding, proper use of key words and key terms,  proper description  of different character and events, relevant illustrations and own perspective for a specific situation.   

Wise students learn the art of planting, cutting, watering and doing other activity from a gardener and sculpture artist who makes a beautiful statue by giving days and nights with full dedication. Developing writing skill demands skill of a painter/sculpture artist who works hard without any complain. When a student writes so many articles, essays, letters, story and other genres continuously, showing these genres to other friend, classmates and teacher and  takes regular feedback for her/his weak points. Extensive reading skill and intensive writing habit help students to incorporate key words and key term in their writing. Only one thing should be remember that our writing should be so specific, concise and creative for expressing the correct message to the reader. 

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Checklist for Maintaining Discipline in the Classroom and School for Teacher

Checklist for Maintaining Discipline in the Classroom for Teacher 

Objective:- How the class teacher will keep eagle eyes on students

Assessment Tools for Students’ Observation

  • Classroom: – Attend class regularly listen teachers , attentively, asks relevant questions, follow teachers instructions, actively participate in group or individual activities, focus on study rather than talking with friends, disturbing others  (2) Punctuality: – Submission of homework and class work on time (given deadline), always try to return back to classroom on time (3) Cleanliness & Neatness:- Self neatness(Cleaned and ironed uniform), proper nail and hair cut, polished shoes, actively involved in classroom/school cleanliness activities , encourage & help others to keep the classroom neat and clean, throw small papers/ rags in the classroom dustbin  (4)Communication:-Politely speaking to friends and other school mates, know how to talk with elders, seniors, teachers, and family members(within the class and outside the class), (5) Value towards person and school property:-  Do not fight with peers, respect individuals integrity, do not write on the student desk and classroom walls, do not pluck flowers, do not break table, chairs, tear pages of books, do not harm computer related articles, take permission before taking others items i.e. pen , pencil, books , notebooks

Rajeev Ranjan

Checklist for Discipline classroom management skill

Student Misbehaviour- Being Humane without being Judgmental

Student Misbehavior- Is parent responsible for children’s bad behavior ?

Student Misbehavior: Teachers Can Make a Difference