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Change of subject in Classes 10th and 12th -CBSE Rules-Guidelines and Standard Procedure for Students-Teachers-Parents

CIRCULAR_INSTRUCTIONS AND STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES FOR CHANGE OF SUBJECT

CBSE intimates school, students, parents and different educational stakeholders through latest circular and makes it clear to one and all. Recently CBSE issued distinctive guidelines through circular no- COORD/ROs/2019 6.05.2019. Change in subject in class X and XII is most discussed topics among different stakeholders of CBSE affiliated schools. When our team of researchers investigated on www.quora.com we find several interesting questions mentioned below-

School Administrator, students, teachers and parents will find CBSE guidelines helpful. Kindly read it carefully to find above mentioned questions’ answer.

CIRCULAR_INSTRUCTIONS AND STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES FOR CHANGE OF SUBJECT
CIRCULAR_INSTRUCTIONS AND STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES FOR CHANGE OF SUBJECT

COORD/ROs/2019 06.05.2019

Instructions and Standard Operating Procedures for change of subject(s) in Classes X As per Affiliation Bye-laws, the academic session for all classes is from April to March. Several students change subject(s) while studying in Class X or XII on various grounds. However, as per the scheme of studies both classes X (IX & X) and XII (XI & XII) is two year course, students be counselled to offer those subjects in Class IX/XI which they would like to continue in Class X/XII and are available in the school, for which provisions exist in the Examination Bye-laws You are aware that vide Notification No. COORD/EC-6.12.2018/2019 dated 13.03.2019 at S.No. II amendment in Rule 26 of Examination Bye-laws has been communicated relating to the policy for change in subject(s). As per revised Rule, request for change of subject(s) in Class X/XII will be accepted provided such a request has been made before 15th July of the academic session. In order to streamline the process for change of subject(s) in Class X/XII, Standard Operating Procedures have been framed and are as under:

S.No.  Activity Schedule
  Parent/Candidate to apply for change of subject(s) in the format given at Annexure- I alongwith – a) Request of the student/parent for change of subject b) Report card of previous class if school is same c) Report card and Transfer Certificate from previous school, if school has been changed or being changed d) Medical Certificate from Government hospital, in case of medical ground e) Relevant document supporting the reason other than (a) to (d) above Upto 15th July of the academic session
  When school will receive any request, the same will be analysed by the school as to whether: – (a) The reason for change of subject is genuine? (b) What was the performance in class IX/XI? (c) Whether the child is unable to cope up? (d) New subject requested to offer is available in school (e) Teacher of desired subject is also available in the school (f) School has affiliation in respect of that subject from Affiliation Unit or from Skill Education Unit (for Skill subjects) (g) Selected combination of subjects is valid as per the scheme of studies. Upto 15th July of the academic session
  Schools to compile all subject change cases in tabular form (separately for Class X and XII) supported with documents as mentioned above and forward the requests to Regional Office of CBSE with specific recommendation of subject teacher/class teacher and Principal alongwith relevant documents/marksheet, etc. Format of letter is given at Annexure –II. (only one request each for Class X & XII will be accepted from each school). within 07 days from the date of activity at Sl. No.02 i.e. 21st July
  Regional Office to communicate deficiency, if any, to the schools Within one month from the date of receipt i.e. 20th August
  Schools will communicate fulfilment of deficiency to the Regional Office within 07 days from the date of activity at Sl. No.04 i.e. 27th August
  Last date for according approval by CBSE 15th September as the last date for submission of LOC with normal fee(without late fee) is 30th September
  a) In case of change of subject on account of direct admission after 15th July based on transfer of parent who is a government employee b) In case of change of subject on account of direct admission within 07 days of declaration of 1st chance Compartment result by CBSE To be sent to concerned Regional Office so as to reach within 07 days of admission

Before forwarding the request to CBSE, school will ensure that: –

1. In no manner, any request to change the subjects that parents will make their own arrangement of study will be accepted by the CBSE. Now, almost all the subjects are having internal assessment and schools need to provide the performance in internal assessment of the student.

2. They are not deviating from the directions. If in any case, it is found that instructions have not been followed, CBSE will reject the request for which school will be responsible.

3. Schools are requested to read and understand above directions so that the same are strictly complied with.

4. Schools will ensure that all documents as per requirement are obtained from the parent/student and provided to the concerned Regional Office.

5. All documents need to be provided in chronological order as mentioned above in all the cases.

Yours faithfully,

(DR. SANYAM BHARDWAJ)

CONTROLLER OF EXAMINATIONS

Reference/For More update i.e. Amendments –Kindly Visits the CBSE OFFICIAL WEBSITE

http://cbseaff.nic.in/cbse_aff/welcome.aspx

http://cbse.nic.in/attach/Affiliation_Bye_Laws_2018-pages-3-74.pdf

CIRCULAR_INSTRUCTIONS AND STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES FOR CHANGE OF SUBJECT
CIRCULAR_INSTRUCTIONS AND STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES FOR CHANGE OF SUBJECT
CIRCULAR_INSTRUCTIONS AND STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES FOR CHANGE OF SUBJECT
CIRCULAR_INSTRUCTIONS AND STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES FOR CHANGE OF SUBJECT
CIRCULAR_INSTRUCTIONS AND STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES FOR CHANGE OF SUBJECT
CIRCULAR_INSTRUCTIONS AND STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES FOR CHANGE OF SUBJECT
CIRCULAR_INSTRUCTIONS AND STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES FOR CHANGE OF SUBJECT
CIRCULAR_INSTRUCTIONS AND STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES FOR CHANGE OF SUBJECT
CIRCULAR_INSTRUCTIONS AND STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES FOR CHANGE OF SUBJECT
CIRCULAR_INSTRUCTIONS AND STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES FOR CHANGE OF SUBJECT
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CBSE Class 12th Result 2019 Interesting Facts

CIRCULAR_INSTRUCTIONS AND STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES FOR CHANGE OF SUBJECT
Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) declared the Class 12th results on 2nd May 2019. Overall pass percentage this year is 83.4%
A total of 31,14,831 candidates were registered for both 10th and 12th out of which 12, 87, 359 had appeared for CBSE Class 12th board exam,  18, 27, 472 candidates for 10th exam
This year 12, 05,484 students appeared for the CBSE Class 12 examination, out of which 10, 05,427 passed. The overall pass percentage is 83.4, compared to last year’s 83.01.
17,693 students have scored above 95%,
94, 299 students have scored between 90-95 %
Girls have a pass percent of 88.70 while boys have a pass percent of 79.40
Top performing region is Trivandrum with 98.2 %, Chennai is the second top performing region with 92.93% followed by Delhi with 91.87%
Hansika Shukla of DPS Meerut road Ghaziabad and Karishma Arora SD Public school Muzaffarnagar Uttar Pradesh scored 499 out of 500 and emerged as toppers
Three girls secure Second position-Hansika Shukla and Karishma Arora topped the CBSE Class 12 results, three students share the second rank with a score of 498 out of 500. These are Gaurangi Chawala from Rishikesh, Aishwarya from Raebareli and Bhavya from Haryana’s Jind
There are 18 students at the third position who scored 497 out of 500. Out of the 18 students, 11 are girls.

CBSE Class 12 percentage on the rise since 2016

Year Pass percentage
2019 83.4
2018 83.04
2017 82.02

Central government-run Kendriya Vidyalayas recorded a success rate of 98.54 per cent and the Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya chain of schools scored a 96.62 success rate

Hanshika CBSE topper 20019

Excerpt from Hansika Interview- When asked about how active she was on social media, Hansika said that she wasn’t very active on social media and whenever she got bored while studying, she would, instead, prefer to listen to music. “I never took any tuition but followed a disciplined routine on my own and cleared my concepts in the school itself,” she added.(www.indianexpress.com )

Ayushi Upadhyay

Ayushi Upadhyay, (Lucknow) who secured third rank in CBSE Class 12 examination- I studied all through the year and used to get all my doubts cleared from my teacher,” said a jubilant Ayushi, a student of the Lucknow Public School (South City).— “I stayed away from social media and focussed on my studies. I do not have a Facebook account,” she said. (https://www.hindustantimes.com)

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Admission in Class X and XII in CBSE Affiliated Schools Norms Guidelines in CBSE Bye Laws- Examination Bye Laws

CIRCULAR_INSTRUCTIONS AND STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES FOR CHANGE OF SUBJECT

Can I change my board from the state board to the CBSE board in 12th?

We can do this if we follow the strict guidelines of CBSE Bye laws and CBSE Examination Bye Laws http://www.cbse.nic.in. In fact CBSE strictly prohibited school to give direct admission in Class X and XII even in transfer of school -from CBSE school to CBSE —-however for students’ interest CBSE has made provision to take direct admission in class X and XII -( Transfer from CBSE to CBSE School) and on some special cases from other board to CBSE board on also condition basis – “In order to ensure better adaptability to the academic environment of new school, students desirous of changing school may be advised to change school while studying in class IX or in Class XI. All cases of admission shall be regulated by the relevant rules contained in the Examination Bye-Laws. (COORD/SO(Pgt)LOC/2019 dated 5th April 2019). CBSE Chairperson possess special power to consider student’s application to granting admission in class X and XII. Normally school will send student application to the CBSE Regional Office before 15th July ( In a New Academic Session)

Secondary School Education comprises (IX and X) – 2 years integrated course

Senior Secondary School Education comprises (X and XII ) – 2 years integrated course

Admission to Class XII in a school is open only to such a student who:

a) has completed a regular course of study for Class XI and has passed class XI examination from an institution affiliated to CBSE;

b) has completed a regular course of study for class XI and has passed class XI examination from an institution recognized by/affiliated to any recognized Board in India can be admitted to a school affiliated to this Board only on the transfer of the parent(s) or shifting of their families from one place to another, after procuring from the student the marksheet and the Transfer Certificate duly countersigned by the Educational Authorities of the Board concerned.

c) Chairman, CBSE shall have the powers to allow change of school for better academic performance, medical reasons etc. to avoid undue hardship to the candidate(s). In case of all such admissions the schools would obtain post facto approval of the Board within one month of admission of the student.

Source- CBSE Frequently Asked Question

Can I change schools in class 10 in CBSE board?,
Can I change my school from state board to CBSE board in 10th class?

Is it possible to change school in 10th (CBSE board)?

Yes — A student can change school in class 10th in CBSE Affiliated school —if s/he fulfils all the norms and guidelines of CBSE- CBSE has changed Direct Admission norms class in X and XII class from 2019— since class (IX and X) and (XI and XII) is 2 years complete course—CBSE does not promote direct admission in class X and XII however special cases especially transfer of parent —-consider—-

In order to ensure better adaptability to the academic environment of new school, students desirous of changing school may be advised to change school while studying in class IX or in Class XI. All cases of admission shall be regulated by the relevant rules contained in the Examination Bye-Laws. (COORD/SO(Pgt)LOC/2019 dated 5th April 2019)

Category of Direct Admissions-

  • Shifting because of transfer of parent from present place of posting to another (Students whose parent are in service)
  • Shifting of Family
  • Shifting to Hostel
  • Shifting from Hostel
  • Re-admission due to Fail/not appeared in exams/Improvement/Compartment
  • Better Education
  • Long Distance
  • Medical Ground

Admission to class X in a school is open only to such a student who:

a) has completed a regular course of study for Class IX from an institution affiliated to CBSE;

b) has completed a regular course of study for Class IX and has obtained minimum qualifying marks i.e. 33% from an Institution affiliated to any recognized Board recognized by the Education Department of the Government of the State/U. T. in which such an institution is located

c) CBSE shall have the powers to allow change of school for better academic performance, medical reasons etc. to avoid undue hardship to the candidate(s). In case of all such admissions the schools would obtain post facto approval of the Board within one month of admission of the student.

Details guidelines —please visit CBSE Official website and CBSE Circular –COORD/SO(PTG)/LOC/2019

Direct Admission in Class X and XII in CBSE Affiliated Schools Norms Guidelines in CBSE Bye Laws- Examination Bye Laws-rajeevelt
Direct Admission in Class X and XII in CBSE Affiliated Schools Norms Guidelines in CBSE Bye Laws- Examination Bye Laws-rajeevelt
Direct Admission in Class X and XII in CBSE Affiliated Schools Norms Guidelines in CBSE Bye Laws- Examination Bye Laws-rajeevelt
Direct Admission in Class X and XII in CBSE Affiliated Schools Norms Guidelines in CBSE Bye Laws- Examination Bye Laws-rajeevelt
Direct Admission in Class X and XII in CBSE Affiliated Schools Norms Guidelines in CBSE Bye Laws- Examination Bye Laws-rajeevelt
Direct Admission in Class X and XII in CBSE Affiliated Schools Norms Guidelines in CBSE Bye Laws- Examination Bye Laws-rajeevelt
Direct Admission in Class X and XII in CBSE Affiliated Schools Norms Guidelines in CBSE Bye Laws- Examination Bye Laws-rajeevelt
Direct Admission in Class X and XII in CBSE Affiliated Schools Norms Guidelines in CBSE Bye Laws- Examination Bye Laws-rajeevelt

http://www.cbse.nic.in

School Education

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Salient Features of the CBSE Secondary School Curriculum 2019-20

Salient Features of the CBSE Secondary School Curriculum

Salient Features of the CBSE Secondary School Curriculum
The Curriculum prescribed by CBSE strives to:

  1. provide ample scope for physical, intellectual and social development of students;
  2. enlist general and specific teaching and assessment objectives;
  3. uphold Constitutional values such as Socialism, Secularism, Democracy, Republican
    Character, Justice, Liberty, Equality, Fraternity, Human Dignity of Individual and the
    Unity and integrity of the Nation by encouraging values-based learning activities;
  4. nurture Life-Skills by prescribing curricular and co-curricular activities to help
    improve self-esteem, empathy towards others and different cultures etc.;
  5. integrate innovations in pedagogy, knowledge and application, such as human
    sciences with technological innovations to keep pace with the global trends in
    various disciplines;
  6. promote inclusive education by providing equal opportunities to all students;
  7. integrate environmental education in various disciplines from classes I-XII;
  8. equally emphasize Co-scholastic areas of Art Education and Health and Physical
    Education.
Salient Features of the CBSE Secondary School Curriculum

For detailed information – kindly visit CBSE Official Website

www.cbse.nic.in

CBSE Secondary School Curriculum 2019-20

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CBSE Rules for Issuing Mark sheet /Marks Statement and Certificate for 10th and 12th Board Examination w.e.f 2019

cbse certificate and marksheet for class X XII rajeev ranjan. 0

Certificate for Senior School Certificate Examination and Marks Statement cum Certificate for Secondary School Examination w.e.f 2019

cbse certificate and marksheet for class X XII rajeev ranjan
cbse certificate and marksheet for class X XII
A candidate who has appeared in an examination for the CBSE board shall be issued statement of marks for the Senior School Certificate examination

cbse certificate and marksheet for class X XII
cbse certificate and marksheet for class X XII
cbse certificate and marksheet for class X XII
cbse certificate and marksheet for class X XII
cbse certificate and marksheet for class X XII
cbse certificate and marksheet for class X XII

Certificate for Senior School Certificate Examination and Marks Statement cum Certificate for Secondary School Examination w.e.f 2019

A candidate who has appeared in an examination for the CBSE board shall be issued statement of marks for the Senior School Certificate examination

A candidate who has appeared/passed at the Secondary School Examination of then CBSE shall be issued Mark Sheet cum Certificate indicating the result status as Pass/Fail/Compartment.

A candidate who has appeared at the Senior School Certificate Examination of the CBSE and has passed the examination shall be issued a pass certificate for the examination.

At the Senior School Certificate Examination, a candidate who has appeared for the Improvement of Performance or for an additional subject in a subsequent Examination shall not be issued a separate Certificate or a combined Marks Statement. Such Candidate shall be given only a Marks Statement in that subject (s).

At the Senior School Certificate Examination, a candidate who has appeared for the Improvement of Performance or for an additional subject in a subsequent Examination shall not be issued a separate Certificate or a combined Mark Statement. Such Candidates shall be given only a Marks Statement in the Subject(s)

At the Secondary School Examination, a candidate who has appeared for the Improvement of Performance or for an additional subject in a subsequent Examination shall not be issued a combined Marks Statement cum Certificate. Such candidates shall be given only a Marks Statement cum /certificate in that subject (s) indicating result status as Appeared for Improvement of Performance/Additional Subject.

CBSE Circular COORD/EC-612.2018/19

www.cbse.nic.in 

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Mathematics Standard-Mathematics Basic- CBSE Rules Regulation and Detail Guidelines for Class 10th Board Exam from 2020

cbse-mathematics standard and mathematics basics

Mathematics Standard-Mathematics Basic- CBSE Rules Regulation and Detail Guidelines for Class 10th Board Exam from 2020

CBSE Mathematics Standard and Mathematics Basic -Class Xth Academic Session 2019-20

Introduction of two levels of Mathematics for All India Secondary School Examination from the Academic Session ending March, 2020 onwards

NCF 2005, Position Paper by National Focus Group on Examination Reforms states that – just as we allow students and schools, some element of choice in the choosing of their subjects, they should have the choice of picking one of two levels within that subject. As per NCF, not only would the two levels of examinations cater for different kinds of learners and allow different levels of testing, it would also reduce overall student stress levels. It is well known that students experience greatest stress before and during their most ‘difficult’ subject exam. Keeping in view of this important aspect and as evidenced by the Board results, the Board has decided to introduce two levels of examination in Mathematics for the students who are going to appear in the Board examination for the academic session ending March 2020 onwards. The details of this scheme are as under :

 The two levels of Examination will be held in the subject of Mathematics in the Board examination for Class X in the year 2020 and the same shall not be applicable to the internal assessment in class X.
 There shall not be two levels of Assessment/Examination for class IX.
 First level would be the same as the existing one, and the other would be an easier level.
 The nomenclature for the two Examinations will be; Mathematics-Standard for the existing level of examination, and Mathematics-Basic for the easier level of examination.

CBSE -“Mathematics Standard and Mathematics Basic”

The syllabus, class room teaching and internal assessment for both the levels of examination would remain the same; so that the students get an opportunity to study the whole range of topics throughout the year and are able to decide upon the level of Board examination depending upon their aptitude and abilities. 

 The Standard level will be meant for students who wish to opt for Mathematics at Sr. Secondary level and the Basic level would be for students not keen to pursue Mathematics at higher levels.
 A student will have the right to choose between the two levels of Examination at the time of submission of List of Candidates (LoC) by the affiliated school to the Board online.
 In case student fails at any level of Mathematics, he/she can appear at the compartment examination as per norms of the Board according to the options given below:

In case of failure in Compartment options—Students can choose following options
Mathematics -Basic Mathematics-Basic
Mathematics-Standard Mathematics Standard or Mathematics- Basic

 A student who qualifies the Mathematics-Basic, shall be given an option to appear in Mathematics-Standard at the time of Compartment exams as per norms of the Board, in case he/she changes his/her mind to pursue Mathematics at Senior Secondary level.

Frequently Asked questions (FAQs) on the two level of Mathematics are enclosed for ready reference. Design for both the levels of question papers as per curriculum for the academic session ending March 2020 onwards will be made available on www.cbseacademic.nic.in in due course of time. Detailed guidelines regarding the filling up of List of Candidates (LOC) for the examination in 2020 shall be issued separately to the affiliated schools at the time of filling up of LOC.

www.cbse.nic.in F.1002/CBSE/Dir(Acad)/Mathematics/2019-10th January 2019 – Circular No Acad-03/2019

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CBSE Compartment Exam-Rules Guidelines and Eligibility for Secondary/Senior School Certificate Examination

cbse compartment exam rules rajeev ranjan

CBSE Compartment Exam-Rules Guidelines and Eligibility for Secondary/Senior School Certificate Examination

CBSE SCHEME OF EXAMINATIONS AND PASS CRITERIA 

37. General Conditions-CBSE Scheme of Examination

(i) The Scheme of Examinations and Pass Criteria for All India/Delhi Senior School Certificate and All India/Deihl Secondary Examinations conducted by the Board, shall be as laid down from time to time.

(ii) Class XI/IX examinations shall be conducted internally by the schools themselves.

(iii) The Board will conduct the external examinations at the end of Class XII/Class X.

(iv) Class XII/Class X examinations will be based on the syllabi as prescribed by the Board for class XII/X respectively from time to time.

(v) Number of papers, duration of examination and marks for each subject/paper will be as specified in the curriculum for the year.

(vi) The Examination would be conducted in theory as well as in practicals, depending upon the nature of the subject(s) and the marks/grades allotted shall be as prescribed in the curriculum.

(vii) Marks/grades shall be awarded for individual subjects and the aggregate marks shall not be given.

Eligibility for Compartment in Secondary Examination-cbse

*41.2 Eligibility for Compartment in Secondary Examination

*41.2 Eligibility for Compartment in Secondary Examination

A candidate failing in two of the five subjects of external examination shall be placed in compartment in those subjects provided he/she qualifies in all the subjects of internal assessment.

42. Compartment Examination for Secondary/Senior School Certificate Examination

Compartment Examination for Secondary Senior School Certificate Examination-CBSE

** (i) A candidate placed in compartment may reappear at the compartmental examination to be held in July/August and may avail himself/herself of the second chance in March/April next year and may further avail himself/herself of the third chance at the compartmental
examinations to be held in July/August of that year. The candidate will be declared ‘Pass’ provided he/she qualifies the compartmental subject/subjects in which he/she had failed.

** (ii) A candidate who does not appear or fails at one or all the chances of compartment shall be treated to have failed in the examination and shall be required to reappear in all the subjects at the subsequent annual examination of the Board as per syllabi and courses laid down for the examination concerned in order to pass the examination. The candidate shall have the option to appear at the practical examination in the subjects involving practical or retain their previous marks in one more annual examination after the Third Chance Compartment.

(iii) Syllabi and Courses tor the Compartmental candidates in March Examination shall be the same as applicable to the candidates of full subjects appearing at the examination,

*** (iv) A candidate placed in compartment shall be allowed to appear only in those subjects in which he/she has been placed in compartment at the Second Chance Compartmental Examination to be held in March/April next year.

Compartment Examination for Secondary/Senior School Certificate Examination

Compartment Examination for Secondary/Senior School Certificate Examination

(v) For subjects involving practical work, in case the candidate has passed in practical at the main examination he/she shall appear only in theory part and previous practical marks will be carried forward and accounted for. In case a candidate has failed in practical he/she shall
have to appear in theory and practical both irrespective of the fact that he/she has already cleared the theory examination.

*** (vi) The candidate who is placed in Compartment in the Secondary School Examination (Class-X) shall be admitted provisionally to class XI till he takes in first chance Compartmental Examination to be held in July/August of that year. His/her admission shall be treated as
cancelled if he/she fails to pass at the first chance Compartmental Examination,

****42A. RETENTION OF PRACTICAL MARKS IN RESPECT OF FAILURE CANDIDATES FOR SECONDARY/SENIOR SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATIONS

A candidate who has failed In the examination in the first attempt shall be required, to re-appear in all the subjects at the subsequent annual examination of the Board. He/she shall appear only in theory part and his/her previous practical marks will be carried forward and accounted for if he/she has passed in practical. In case a candidate has failed in practical he/she shall have to appear in theory and practical both. If he/she fails to pass the examination in two consecutive years, after the first attempt he/she shall have to reappear in all the subjects including practical.

*43.    Additional Subject(s)

A candidate who has passed the Secondary/Senior School Certificate Examination of the Board may offer an additional subject as a private candidate provided the additional subject is provided in the Scheme of Studies and is offered within SIX YEARS of passing the examination of the Board. No exemption from time limit will be given after six years. Facility to appear in additional subject will be available at the annual examination only.

Note –
The Scheme of Examinations and Pass Criteria for All India/Delhi Senior School Certificate and All India/Deihl Secondary Examinations conducted by the Board, shall be as laid down from time to time. —-So kindly take pain to visit CBSE official website www.cbse.nic.in for current update

source:- www.cbse.nic.in

http://cbse.nic.in/examin~1/scheme06ex.htm

CBSE SCHEME OF EXAMINATIONS AND PASS CRITERIA           http://cbse.nic.in/examin~1/scheme06ex.htm

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Pass Criteria for the CBSE Senior School Certificate Examination

cbse-passing-criteria-rajeev-ranjan

Pass Criteria for the CBSE Senior School Certificate Examination

i) A candidate is eligible to get the Pass Certificate of the CBSE , if he/she gets a grade higher than E in all subjects of internal assessment unless he/she is exempted. Failing this, result of the external examination will be withheld but not for a period of more than one year.

ii) In order to be declared as having passed the examination, a candidate has to obtain a grade higher than E (i.e. atleast 33% marks) in all the five subjects of external examination in the main or at the compartmental examinations. The pass marks in each subject of external examination is 33%. In case of a subject involving practical work, a candidate has to obtain 33% marks in theory and 33% marks in practical separately in addition to 33% marks in aggregate in order to qualify in that subject.

iii) No overall division/distinction/aggregate shall be awarded.

iv) In case of additional subject following criteria shall be adopted:

a) A language offered as an additional subject replaces a language in the event of a candidate failing in the same provided after replacement the candidate has English/Hindi as one of the languages.

b) An elective subject offered as an additional subject replaces one of the elective subjects offered by the candidate. It may also replace a language provided after replacement the candidate has English/Hindi as one of the languages.

c) Additional language offered at elective level replaces an elective subject provided after replacement, the number of languages offered does not exceed two.

v) Candidates exempted from one or more subjects of internal examination shall be eligible for appearing in external examination and result shall be declared subject to fulfilment of other conditions laid down in the Pass Criteria.

vi) In order to be declared as having passed the Class XI Examination a candidate shall obtain 33% marks in all the subjects. The pass marks in each subject of examination shall be 33%. In case of subject involving practical work a candidate must obtain 33% marks in theory and 33% in practical separately in addition to 33% marks in aggregate in order to qualify in that subject.

School Education

Source:

Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), New Delhi

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)-2019

http://cbse.nic.in

http://cbse.nic.in/examin~1/scheme06ex.htm

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Social Science- Exam Preparation Tips for Getting Good Marks in S.st

Exam Preparation Tips for Getting Good Marks in Social Science (S.st)

https://www.slideshare.net/rajeevelt

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Gender Equality-Sensitivity-How to Promote in ECCE-Early Childhood Care And Education

gender equality

Gender Equality-Sensitivity-How to Promote in ECCE-Early Childhood Care And Education

The early years lay the foundation for gender socialization. Gender Socialization is a process by which individuals learn to act in a particular way and mostly conforming to the societal beliefs, values, norms, attitudes and examples. Early gender socialization starts at birth and is a process of learning socio-cultural roles according to one’s gender. Right from the beginning, boys and girls are treated differently by the members of their family and immediate environment, and learn the differences between boys and girls. Even by the time children are two year old they have absorbed the gender stereotypes in some form which is evident because of clothing and toys chosen by adults and provided to them. As they reach preschool age, children begin to develop their sense of self in relation to others.

Certain gender inequities can persist right from infancy through the lifespan. Gender stereotypes may get perpetuated by family, teachers and society by having different expectations for girls and boys. However, early childhood period also presents a crucial opportunity to promote gender equity right from the start and facilitate the development of gender-sensitive attitudes and beliefs.

ECCE interventions can promote gender equity by compensating for gender biases in nutrition, health care or stimulation that may occur in the home. (Arnold, 2004:10). A gender sensitive curriculum needs to ensure that gender stereotypes are broken. In the early years it is important:

Adults are there to support, protect and involve children in approaches and activities that help them develop their minds, their bodies, their social skills and behaviours.

Caregivers should not perpetuate gender stereotypes. Instead, they should be encouraged to have equal and appropriate expectations of boys and girls and promote equal opportunities for them. They can provide opportunity to explore the children’s thinking about gender and help children expand their understanding of gender.

ECCE teachers /Caregivers have had gender training and know how to routinely do gender analysis. This equips them to see gender bias in the community and to actively keep it out of the classroom. Girls and boys receive equal attention and respect. It is ensured that during the day the tone of voice and comments given, wait time provided for answering questions, feedback provided, opportunity in classroom tasks are same for both boys and girls. As a result, they learn to value themselves and others equally. Equal treatment sends messages that each child is worthy and valued regardless of her or his sex or other differences.

Facilitate as much active learning as possible through play and other activities which are free of gender bias. Stories, songs, activities and facilitation aids should depict girls and boys in the same roles and men and women in all professions. Both women and men should appear as leaders, heroes and problem solvers etc.

Girls do some things that boys don’t do and some things more or less than the boys. So teachers/caregivers can explore what feelings girls and boys have, build the comfortboys and girls have different ideas, experiences and behaviours. However, preschoolers enjoy imitating adults and role plays are good ways for them to show the different things they do and know. Girls like to pretend to be boys or fathers and boys like to role play female roles. While enacting they understand the other sex and of both sexes in discussing their feelings too. As the educator treats each child well, it may be easier to get children to listen to each other, to share and to play respectfully.

There are few male ECCE teachers and Caregivers. Encourage male ECCE teachers so that learners will benefit from male role models.

The families and local community is encouraged to participate and support the programme. Parents need to be sensitized and educated so that they can support these practices at home. It is important here to help them understand and stop discrimination against boys or girls.

For Detail Reading -Please Visit—

National Early Childhood Care And Education (Ecce) Curriculum Framework

Ministry of Women and Child Development