Posted on

रात में-मीठी ख्वाब में -आपके साथ

रात में

मीठी ख्वाब में 

आपके साथ

बातें करता रहा

बारिश की बुँदे

और  मिटटी की सोंधी


रातरानी की महक

  और झींगुर की आवाज

बलखाती लहराती चांदनी

 और पत्तों की सरसराहट

सांसों की हर तार में

फिजा की हर बात में

आप ही आप थी 

उन्निदे थी , सिल्बते थी

उन्मांद था ,एहसास था

सांसों की खुसबू थी

बदन में उन्मांद था

आँखों में शराब  था

हाथों में आपका हाथ था

 गेशूंऔ  में उलझते

मेरी उँगलियाँ

आप ही ,

आप थी

होश में होश खो दिया 

रात थी

मीठी ख्वाब थी,  

 खवाब थे,

शायद खवाब————-

.ღ Rajeev Ranjanღ.ღ

Posted on

Teaching Human Values- Importance of Developing Essential Values Among Students

Human beings are most wonderful creature of the world. Child is always innocent and pious. A child is remained a child whether s/he belongs to an elite class family or a labor class family. School is second pious place where children from different societies and cultures study under a roof. Their family background may be different but school provides education for each and every one.

Educator, parent and educational institutions provide a wonderful platform for learning. These three pillars train students to become man of values. We can use different means and modes for inculcating human values i.e. self awareness, love, respect, importance of discipline, strong will power, determination, punctuality etc. among students. Our motto is to develop an individual as an integrated world citizen. I think, inculcating essential human values helps a person to perceive world in a wider perspective.

Educator, parent and educational institutions try to sensitize the human values which are of course inbuilt in every child. Learning is always a complex phenomenon. Either we learn complex topics of different subject or we learn values of life. We become alert citizen when we get right parent, right school and right educators. Everyone shows us right path in our journey of life. Every parent, society, culture and state tries to develop essential human values. We used to learn different human values through beautiful narration of our elders family member. Now, child watches different videos to learn values. Human values are just as essential as we breathe fresh air. Both fresh airs and human values give us a new life. Human values make us alive in this materialistic and sophisticated E-gadgets world.

Handling 21st Century Kids a Challenging Task

We are wise educator. We handle 21st century Android apps enabled generation. Kids love to spend more time on Electronic gadgets. They are least motivated to talk with their peers, parent and elder members of family at the same time parents also spends much time on Electronic Gadgets. Intentionally or unintentionally parents are busy with Whatsapp, Facebook, Instagram, Twitter and other social platform. This creates a void between parent and kids. They are sharing same room, same food and same bed but using different electronic gadgets at the same time. Family members are present under a roof but minds are busy consciously or unconsciously in virtual world.

Children may show rigid behaviour and naughtiness in their nature but ultimately they are innocent kids. We conducted an experiment with 400kids for evaluating their observation skill and learning skill i.e.

  • How much they know about themselves?
  • Are they able to identify their necessity?
  • Are they able to identify their weakness and strength?
  • Do they know values of love and respect in their life?
  • Do they know values of will power and determination?
  • Do they know values of good habits?
  • Do they differentiate between good habit and bad habit?

We included students from 1st to 9th classes (5-14 years). We asked them to write 5 promises which they would like to do with themselves for coming New Year. What are the areas which they wish to improve in next year. The result of was wonderful. Almost 80 percent students know that they have been doing certain things which they think as inappropriate and they felt the need to improve those behaviors. They felt that:-

They fight with brother and sister which are not good human values.

They do not listen their parent which is not good human values.

They talk in the class when their teacher is teaching (which are not good human values)

They have shown love for nature and animal.

They know the values of punctuality and importance of discipline in their life.

They know the values of love and respect for family and elder members of society.

They know the importance of good communication skill.


95percent students felt that their subject (Hindi, English, Math, Science and Social Science) is weak and they will work hard and do more practice to improve in concerned area. Student knows the value of hard work.  It was amazing to read a statement by Shreya, “I will never give up”. We were feeling proud while we were reading (I will never copy my teachers.) the promise of Yashika Singh(3rd Class)  a girl child. Recently, she checked her own notebooks and has signed like he teacher. I personally met her on this issue. I found the beauty of being innocent. She realized that she has committed a mistake which was not appropriate. Mr A Singh (5th class student) student have shown a great respect for school driver and stated that “I will say “good morning” to driver uncle”.

Self  belief I will believe in myself (Ayushi Yadav. 9th Class)
Love I will not fight with my brother and sister. ((Ananya Pal, 1st Class )

I shall not hurt animal. (Manas Singh Bisen, 1st Class)

I will not pluck flower and plant in the school.(Riddhi Pathak,4th Class)


Respect I will say “good morning” to driver uncle. ( A Singh, 5th Class)
Discipline I will obey my teachers.

I will not talk with friend when class is going on.

I will obey the school rules. .(Riddhi Pathak,4th Class)

I will keep my thing at proper place.(Arsh Vidham, 4th Class)

Discipline I will obey my teachers.

I will not talk with friend when class is going on.

I will obey the school rules. .(Riddhi Pathak,4th Class)

I will keep my thing at proper place.(Arsh Vidham, 4th Class)

Determination I will improve my Hindi Subject. (Ananya Pal, 1st Class )

I will work hard in Science Subject. (Abhishek Yadav, 9th Class)

I will improve my handwriting.

I will do hard work.

I promise that I will study every day. (Asefa, 3rd Class)

I will study two hours every day. (Shrey Singh, 4th Class)

I will never copy my teachers. (Yashika Singh, 3rd Class)

I will perform well in the examination. (Ayushi, 9th Class)

I promise that I will work hard and get good marks. (Nidhi Pal, 6th Class)

I will improve my learning power. (Divyanshu Maurya, 6th Class)

I will improve my spelling mistakes (Shreyanshi, 6th Class)

I will work hard in learning questions and answers.( Mehul Shaw, 8th Class)




I will do homework on time. (Ananya Pal, 1st Class )

I will waste my time. (Yug Pratap Singh, 1st Class)

I will complete my work on right time. (Manas Singh Bisen, 1st Class)

I will complete my all pending work. (Ishan Sahu, 4th Class)

Communication I will improve my speaking skills (Hindi & English) (Yash Anand, 9th Class)

I will talk to my parents in good manner. (Vaishnavi Singh, 4th Class)

I will listen my teacher.

Awareness I won’t waste water. (Manas Singh Bisen, 1st Class)
Cleanliness Always keep my house neat and clean.

I will keep my surroundings neat and clean. (Shreyansh Yadav, 3rd Class)

Habits Wake up early in the morning. (Anushka, 1st Class)

. I will never tell a lie. (Ansh Yadav, 1st Class)

I will not use bad words (Manas Singh Bisen, 1st Class)

I will not beat anyone. (S Seth, 5th Class)

I will watch TV for a limited time. (Yug Pratap Singh, 1st Class)

I will not talk so much in the class.

I will help my mother in all works. ( 3rd Class)

I will eat what my mother will make. (Ishan Sahu, 4th Class)

I will polish my shoes (A Singh, 5th Class)

I always sleep on time. (Ayush Yadav, 5th Class)

I will try to have dinner at right time. ( S Mishra, 5th Class)

Positive Attitude I will never give up ( Shreya, 9th Class)
Philosophical I promise to be a good daughter, sister, niece and cousin. (Anushka, 5th Class)

I promise to live in the present moment and try not to worry about the past or future. (. (Anushka, 5th Class)

Child knows the values of good habits in his/her life. It was amazed to read Ms. Anushka promise. A brilliant girl (10 years) wrote that “I promise to live in the present moment and try not to worry about the past or future”. I personally know her. She is only child of her parent. She does not feel secure in a group. She is the best when she has to perform all alone but tears comes on her face quickly when something does not happen according to her wish. I was completely stuck while reading her statement. We need to awake a child. We need to sensitize a child. When a child becomes a sensible; s/he becomes an integrated personality.

A good teacher’s success lies in making a student good citizen of the world and in enriching his knowledge in all aspects to become a good human being. We are facilitator for our kids. We nurture our kids in right direction. Our sole purpose is to nurture them, train them and equipped them with different human values (self awareness, love, and respect, importance of discipline, strong will power, determination, and punctuality). No ridiculous fears. No debilitating anger.” If educators establish this culture at school premises, no doubt at all we will inculcate the value of ‘live and let live’ in learners’ community. We are educators. We make a big difference.




Posted on

Life Skill Teaching Techniques for Teacher

                                        Life Skill Teaching Techniques for Teacher

Life skills develop right attitudes to think smartly, act smartly and to live consciously.  Life skills enhance strength of a person to survive in 21st century fast growing virtual world.

Life skills are the personal, interpersonal and cognitive psychosocial skills that enable people to interact appropriately manage their own emotional states and make decisions and choices for an active, safe and productive life.

The United Nationals Children’ Fund (UNICEF) focuses on developing a child as an integrated human being. “Life skills education is an important vehicle to equip young people to negotiate and mediate challenges and risks in their lives, and to enable productive participation in society. (UNICEF)

Life skills “may be defined as abilities for adaptive and positive behaviour that enable individuals to deal effectively with the demands and challenges of everyday life. (WHO)

As the WHO states: “Skills that can be said to be life skills are innumerable, and the nature and definition of life skills are likely to differ across cultures and settings.”

Life skills are acquired when we provide a platform or an opportunity for them to learn and practice. Individual learns life skills through awareness, alertness and by providing him required training i.e “it may happen”/right techniques to tackle”


UNICEF’s ‘Life Skills Learning and Teaching: Principles, concepts and standards’, for instance, states that “alongside literacy and numeracy, life skills are essential learning outcomes of quality education. (United Nations Children’s Fund, Life Skills Learning and Teaching: Principles, concepts and standards, UNICEF, 2010)

Role of a Teacher

Only a wise and a skilled educator can provide real life skills learning experience to a learner otherwise an individual even learns something from a rikshapular, a beggar or a layman!

We should sensitize our learners to identify importance of life skills. We develop life skills by providing proper training. We encourage 4G learners to explore and investigate the fact, analyze situations critically and present themselves in a creative manner supported by human values. Learners’ expertise in different life skills help them to become an integrated human being.


We cannot assume that individual learns each and everything which is delivered in the classroom/taught outside the classroom. The best method is to provide continuous training for better learning. Educator provides a homely learning environment for his learners. He ensures better involvement in the learning. Teacher initiates joyful and comfortable learning culture for developing different life skills i.e. self awareness, problem solving, decision making, creative thinking critical thinking and other essential life skills.  Lets us consider some of the points while developing different life skills among learners!

Encourage discussion and cross questioning in the groups

Two ways communication helps students to participate in learning. It ensures active learning. When a teacher asks a question to his students, students reflect on the relevant answer and participate in learning. Teacher modifies, correct and guide students on the spot. Students share their views, ideas and concept with their peers comfortably. It boosts up students’ confidence.

Focus more on process than product

Educator should focus on product. Positive learning outcomes have a life long experience. Teacher facilitates students to develop a positive attitude towards life circumstance.

Life Skills: – Activities for students

 Life skills involve dynamic teaching –learning process. Educator uses following teaching techniques to inculcate life skills among students.

  • Role play
  • Brainstorming
  • Games
  • Pair work
  • Group work
  • Open discussion /Debates

Field work is one of the best teaching techniques. Filed work is an opportunity for learner to involve directly, and investigate the fact in real life situations. Students directly connect themselves with different types of people. They collect data. They conduct interview and have first hand life experience. Students design questions for fulfilling study and ask questions to elder member in family.

Social work is second great opportunity for learners to learn essential life skill. It integrates different life skills i.e. decision making, interpersonal, intrapersonal, creative thinking, critical thinking etc. Students develop effective communication skill during performing several tasks in the field.

Teacher helps students to feel real life learning experience. Teacher organizes tours for their students i.e. visiting different places, hospitals, labs, factory, bank or required places related to topics.

Teacher helps students to prepare a set of questions. They form different group of students. A group of students meet famous person of the society. They conduct one to one session with them. Experience people share their story of struggle with students. Students learn so many life skills during this active session with good people (from different walk) of local area. Students learn different techniques to manage their emotion and passion to achieve something great in life. Students learn how to overcome from struggle having proper communication with experienced and expert people of different field. We would like to quote statement of Mr. C. William Pollard, Chairman, Fairwyn Investment Company, “Information is a source of learning. But unless it is organized, processed, and available to the right people in a format for decision making, it is a burden, not a benefit”.

Wise educator develops various ways, means and method for developing different life skills among students. Educator, society and student can create triangle of learning. Everyone has to learn, relearn and always try to learn. We need to train ourselves & discover ourselves for the betterment of learning. We will analyze and learn through great statements.  First, “The purpose of education is to replace an empty mind with an open one”.  Malcolm Forbes

Hope for the best! Surely active participation of educator, parent, student and society will ensure learning of “Life Skills”.

Wait ! We will altogether discuss next time “Life Skills” in detail.

 Rajeev Ranjan

Indian Educationist


World Health Organization, Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion, <>, WHO, 1986.

14 World Health Organizations, Life Skills Education in Schools, WHO Programme on Mental Health, WHO, 1997.

National Curriculum Framework( NCF,2005)

Bond ( Tim ) , 1986 , Games for Social and Life Skills , Hutchinson Co Ltd,

Teach 21

Heckman J and T Kautz. 2012. “Hard Evidence on Soft Skills.” NBER Working Paper 18121.

Posted on

Sex Education for Children: Need to implement effective sexuality education programmes

Child is curious to explore the known and unknown world’s myth. What do we hide? What can we not hide from children? Why could we not hide from our kids?  Do we hide the truth? Could we share the truth to avoid a child being a conflict personality? Child is very sensitive. If a mature adult cannot control his desire and passion; then how can we expect same from our child? Generally it is observed that if we do not share some crucial information by considering their age and mental status, they try to discover it on their own way.

Learning is transmittable and communicable. Child is very active learner. He wants to learn so many things at a time. Relevant knowledge about sexual health and our body is certainly help a kid for living a healthy life. Children need to be protected. Sex is a simple phenomenon. Sex may be devastating physically and mentally traumatic when we have no knowledge about this.

World Health Organization data on puberty, menstruation, reproduction, contraception, pregnancy, abortion, unsafe abortions, homosexuality and premarital sex and sexually transmitted disease awakes and alerts us to consider sex education as demand of time. We think positively about sex education or to keep the mouth shut on behalf of cultural background but situation is alarming on world level.

We need to consider and ensure proper sexual health knowledge from a 5 year old child to 18 years young people. UNESCO data on Sexual Health can be worried us. Situation is more or less same in developed and developing countries. I was not amazed to read several statistical data on watching pornography related materials in all over world. More than thousands million viewers (age between 6-18) visits thousands of sexual related websites.  Viewers (age between 6-18) from different corners of the world endorsed their involvement in watching videos and indulged in sexual activities which resulted in bad health, premature pregnancy,  and sexually transmitted disease due to unprotected and unhygienic sexual activities.

We know the negative effect of unprotected and unhygienic sexual activities due to lack of knowledge of sex as well as lack of sharing and caring within family circle. How long can we hide the fact? How long can we treat sex and sexual health as taboo for the society? There is only one truth that sex is core issue for us right from the evolvement of human society. It is not exaggerated to say that human civilization invented fire at first but human civilization were first felt the need of sex. Sex is such a natural phenomenon but still sex education is one of the most complex issues in 21st century globalized village. Debates are going on whether to provide sex education or not and its negative as well as positive impact on kids as well as society. In fact it is more critical and crucial issue for developing a child as an integrated personality.

We cannot avoid sex and we cannot stop people to feel intrinsic and natural desire for it and of course, strong charm for sex but certainly we can channelize sexual urge in right direction. Friend, parent and teacher can ignore the question raised by a child (6-17) but World Wide Web (www) welcomes our question and responds quickly with millions and millions of answer within .0001 second.  We find an endless world of most extreme images and videos and next second a new story begins in a fraction of second. It would be worth mentioning about a state Bihar where national population council surveyed unmarried young generation (15-19 years) and the data is 14.1 % of unmarried adolescent boys and 6.3 % of unmarried adolescent girls had premarital sex; and of them, 22 % boys and 28.5 % girls had premarital sex before 15 years. Story is big but fact is very simple. Can be sensitize our last decade born generation about sexual health issues? Can we ensure our last decade born generation to receive accurate, authentic and age appropriate information related to sexual health and sexuality?

Integration of sophisticated technology and fast growing world of World Wide Web (WWW) have been equipped young generation (5-17 years) with latest technology to use but major issues to train this group of people “how to use”, “when to use” and “why to use”; considering about these constructive as well as destructive weapons should be the sole concern for educated and intellectual society, otherwise we will develop a torn and conflict personality for next decades. This generation (5-17years) explores world of sex every day.  They try to know everything but they pretend to be unknown person. They indulge in it since it is our intrinsic need, which resulted in an unhealthy life, premature pregnancy, unsystematic abortion and carries transmitted disease HIV.

It is high time. We cannot stop using latest and sophisticated technology, exploring sex and sexual world, getting into it but we can surely educate them about “how to use”, “when to use” and “why to use” and “how much to use”. No doubt at all, almost all of us may have faced same dilemma but we have to accept this challenge to educate our kids, to aware our kids and sensitize our kids about the value of word “sex” in a wider perspective. It is essence of life. We can cover, conceal and hide but cannot ignore and avoid it in our life; therefore global citizen needs to develop global perspective and global acceptance for providing “sex education” for the welfare of 21st century young generation. Educated and intellectual society need to go one step ahead and sensitize our young generation (5-17 years) to become a healthy person. What do you think? Lets us think together for shaping a world class integrated citizen!


Geneva: WHO; 2006. WHO. Defining sexual health.

Geneva: WHO; 2011. WHO. The sexual and reproductive health of younger adolescents research issues in developing countries: Background paper for a consultation.

Geneva: WHO; 2010. World Health Organization. Measuring sexual health: Conceptual and practical considerations.

New Delhi: UNICEF; 2010. [Last accessed on 2015 Sep 05]. Adolescents in India. Desk Review Report of Existing Evidence and Behaviours, Programmes and Policies Report. Available from: .

India: Ministry of Women and Child Development, Govt of India; 2007. Study on Child Abuse.

Posted on

Parent teacher Meeting Importance and Benefits

Parent teacher Meeting Importance and Benefits

Learning is a complex phenomenon.  A child faces difficulties in learning. Child faces mental stress and several identified and unidentified challenges. Holistic development of a child depends upon the hard work of student, parent and teacher. These three stake holders integrated effort give the best learning outcomes.

Parent teacher meeting covers the distance among three stakeholders. PTM opens a communication channel. Everyone is highly busy in his own task, profession and business. Teacher teachers a big numbers of students in different classes. Teacher is completing several tasks other than classroom teaching for maintaining piousness of an educational institution. Student is busy with reading, writing, completing class work and homework. Parent is busy with his profession for earning bread and butter for family.

Parent is a partner. Active participation of a parent brings massive change in kid’s academic performance. His nature of nurturing brings natural and holistic changes in kid’s personality. It is necessary to share responsibility and accountability with parent for the holistic development of a child. Parent is directly responsible for child progress at home and in the school. In fact, it is necessary to develop a strong bridge between parent and educator. Wise parents never leave space for developing negative outcomes. Each and every moment and movement of child determines her/his future.

Parent teacher meeting is an opportunity to exchange observation of a child with each other. Sharing daily experience and observation provide a wider prospect for parent and teacher to plan, prepare and execute planning for better learning outcome of a child. We discuss and share overall personality of a child with the teacher i.e. his/her behavior, manner, habit, attitude, learning styles, relation to self and society etc.   PTM is a junction to meet the needs of child.


Why does education system feel the necessity for conducting a parent teaching meeting?


  1. Great opportunity for parent and teacher to develop a healthy and strong relationship for the holistic development of a child

This platform helps parent and teacher to develop a rapport and build a strong relationship to understand and determine the need of a child. Developing an integrated child demands combine efforts from different stakeholders.

  1. Great opportunity to open two ways communication for the welfare of kid

Two ways communication has great values for proper development of a child. Parent as well as teacher shares their effort on a common platform for the welfare of a child. Parent works at home on the feedback and observation shared by the teacher at school. Teacher modifies his way of handling the kids on school premises. Teacher keeps vigilant eyes on the mental and physical progress of a child. Parent and teacher follow each other after school hours also to ensure whether their effort is going on right track or not.

  1. Great platform for parent and teacher to share insights and information for the holistic development of a child

Parent and teacher shares each other minute observation of a child i.e. how does a child behave with friends, his confidence level in the class, his self esteem, self awareness, decision making skill, interest in learning, special interest, hobbies, and classroom performance. A child is pure mud. Parent and teacher try to grow a lotus on different favorable and unfavorable circumstances. Teacher’s works on parent feedback at school and parent works on teacher feedback at home.

  1. Great platform for an educator to know a child’s weakest and strongest areas from parent’s observation

Parent and teacher identify weak areas and try hard to improve those points. It is not a platform to make it just a complaining against each other. Both stakeholders should not deviate from child’s concern. Proper education of child is our prime concern. Parent and teacher’s personality is just value zero. Out ego has no great value if we could not be a wise parent and teacher. Our prime concern is to shape a child into an integrated personality. PTM provides this big opportunity to work for the child.

  1. Great opportunity to know and to work for purification and modification of student’ performance and to ensure best academic and non academic performance of child.

No religious place can help a child to grow as an integrated personality. School is the best pious place to impart quality education and develop an individual as a world citizen. Overall personality of a child does matter for teacher and parent. We share and care same concern; to develop a child into a fine human being. Our objective is same. Parent teacher meeting solves the prime objective of a child well being on a single place.

We are educator. We are professionals. We are skilled teachers. We must avoid clash with parent. We are listener. We must hear him. His problems and complains may be appear illogical, harsh and irrational at first instance but it may also be beneficial for so many students. When a parent sends his/her son/daughter to our school, s/he is sending `a life to us. Our prime concern is to provide a homely environment and a joyful learning experience to each and every one enrolled in our class/school. To err is human therefore it may be possible that consciously and unconsciously, we may commit mistakes, however a mild reminder from parent makes us alive, awake and alert teacher.

School and educator existence depend on a child. Parent is an active partner but a third party for the school who suggests some great tips and techniques to empower an individual in the school. Education should be seen in a wider perspective. Our effort is to develop an integrated personality; it is only possible when student, parent and teacher work hard to weave a web of togetherness for providing quality education.

Posted on

Parent Teacher Meeting- Tips for Teachers- Keys Points and Core Issues

Parent Teacher Meeting Tips for Teachers: Keys Points and Core Issues

Child is life line of a parent. Child is centre point in a parent’s life. Time changes, situation changes, culture changes, life style changes but parent remains a parent for his/her child, pure, pious, and dutiful. Nobody can think better than a parent for the future of a child.

A parent invests so much money for his child’s better education. He wishes for a holistic development of his child. A parent deserves a precise, concrete and rational feedback from his child educator. Teacher should show a great respect for parent in the Parent Teacher Meeting. This is the best platform for developing a strong relationship with parent for the welfare of child’s education.

Parent is a partner. Active participation of a parent brings massive change in kid’s academic performance. His nature of nurturing brings natural and holistic changes in kid’s personality. It is necessary to share responsibility and accountability for the holistic development of a child. Parent is directly responsible for child progress at home and school. In fact, it is necessary to develop a strong bridge between parent and educator. Wise parents never leave space for developing negative outcomes. Each and every moment and movement of child determines her/his future.

Teacher talks with parent politely. Teacher uses appropriate words for the student. We can organize a successful Parent Teacher Meeting if we follow certain norms to show regards for the parent.

  1. Wish every parent and offer a seat

Wise teacher takes initiation to develop a rapport with the parent. S/he wishes good morning/afternoon with a welcoming smile on the face. This positive initiative develops a healthy relationship with parent and class teacher/teacher. Teacher offers a seat for sitting comfortably.

  1. Please keep Attendance Register with you

Student’s regular presence in the classroom makes a big difference in the process of learning. Teacher shares student presence and absence in the class to the respective parent. It also ensures safety of a child if s/he comes to school by own vehicle/conveyance.

  1. Please keep Student’s Monitoring profile with you

Teacher prepares anecdotal report of each and every student of the respective class. S/He writes all minute observation in the anecdotal records. When a teacher shares his/her details observation with parent; parent feels a sense of security that his child is in the safe hand. School does proper monitoring of his child. Teacher uses appropriate words and sentences to express the negative and positive aspects of a child. Teacher shows utmost care to do this.

  1. Please keep class teacher checklists with you

Teacher uses different checklist to do proper monitoring of a child i.e. health and hygiene, notebook submission checklist, class test records, special achievement, behavioral records to share with parent. Proper observation gives right picture of progress of a child.

  1. Talk to parent based on data and actual observation

Wise teacher shares actual data based on actual observation of a child. When we talk on actual data, it gives a sense of relief for parents. Teacher shares physical as well as mental development of child with parent.

6. Please collect students’ information for the holistic development of a child. Teacher collects information so that s/he can work out in the classroom and on the school premises. S/he shares parent’s feedback with other teacher. A wise teacher finds out several information i.e.

  • Kid’s nature at home I.e. aggressive, dull, responsive, caring
  • Kid’s behaviour at home i.e. towards study and family members
  • Kid’s etiquette at home
  • Kid’s attitude/mind set at home
  • Kid’s social surrounding/social engagement
  • Kid’s nature of learning/study habit
  • Kid’s academic interest
  • Kid’s learning capacity & capability
  • Kid’s weakness and strength
  • Talk politely with parent. Teacher is known for polite behavior. We should show courteous behavior with parent. It may be possible that s/he is not happy with you, other teachers and some sys,tematic problems, but our attitude should be positive. Teacher should be decent and courteous during meeting with parent.
  • If you say that a child is weak then identify the actual area i.e. does not speak in the class, weak in handwriting, weak in reading a text. When we identify real problem, we find out solution for the identified problems for the welfare of child.

Child is in centre. His/her holistic development is our prime concern. Rest factors may be minor or of no use. Coordinate with parent with open hand, open heart and open mind to empower child.

  1. Talk about general behaviour of students however, first focus on few good things about student i.e. earlier he was not used to sit properly but now he seats in the class properly, earlier he has problems in following instructions but now he started following instruction, now s/he tries to speak in English, speaks one word/phrase/one sentence, now s/he tries to write neat and clean, S/he is improving slowly etc.
  2. Share even negative things very politely with parent and convince him that there is improvement. Wise educators do it precisely i.e. sometimes his/her uniform/dress is dirty; please send him/her in neat and clean dress, his nail is big and dirty, please cut his/her nails at least once in a week etc
  3. Write parent’s suggestions and queries

It is wonderful habit to pen down suggestions and complains of a parent on a diary/a piece of a paper. It satisfies parent’s ego. It is very convincing activity. Parent thinks that his suggestions and complain have been noticed by the teacher and the teacher will share my problems with his higher authority, because it may not be possible for a parent to meet principal every time due to several unavoidable reasons. If a teacher only hears the problem shared by parent, it gives a negative impact that teacher may forget and his voice may be unnoticed from higher authority of school. Please do write the suggestions and problems of parent and takes these feedback to your higher authority in the school/institution.

  1. Talk about health issues with parent

Encourage parent to discuss mental and physical problems of a child so that school can help child at the time of need. Health issue problems can be handled properly if a child falls sick in the school.

  1. Please collect students information i.e. working mobile number of parent, student’s interest, student’s skill, and student’s overall behavior
  2. Ask and help parent to fill the feedback from
  3. No argument at all with parent.

We are educator. We are professionals. We are skilled teachers. We must avoid clash with parent. We are listener. We must hear him. His problems and complains may be appear illogical, harsh and irrational at first instance but it may also be beneficial for so many students. When a parent sends his/her son/daughter to our school, s/he is sending `a life to us. Our prime concern is to provide a homely environment and a joyful learning experience to each and every one enrolled in our class/school. To err is human therefore it may be possible that consciously and unconsciously, we may commit mistakes, however a mild reminder from parent makes us alive, awake and alert teacher.

Rajeev Ranjan

Indian Educationist


Posted on

Planning a Lesson- English Language Teaching-Developing-Reading Skill with Special Objective to Focus on Grammar and Writing Skill

Educator prepares lesson plan according to nature of teaching topic, nature of students and nature of students’ learning. Sometimes, we plan a lesson for one period, sometimes we plan a lesson for special purpose, and sometimes we plan our lesson as Integrated Lesson Plan, where we focus on particular topic/concept. Educator decides accordingly. We will discuss different lesson plan format and some of sample lesson plan from different subject teachers. They think that they write the best lesson plan, however I think that there is always space, and opportunity for improvement. We are educator.   Educator may feel free/ open to accept or reject, partially accept or partially reject this lesson format/sample. Wise educator will draw the best from these lesson plan samples/improve it according to need. Let us add some valuable points and modify/customize according to need:-

Lesson Plan

Subject: English                                                                     Topic: Reading Skill

Lesson Name: Lost Spring                                                   Time: 35-40 Minutes

Class: Intermediate Level                                                     Date: ———————

General Objectives:

  • To enable the pupil to have global and local comprehension of the text
  • To help the students to understand the text and interpret the text in their own language

Specific Objectives:

  • To introduce new words from chapters
  • To teach grammar items (Tense)/ to make pupils notice tense form and understand the context of its use
  • To develop writing skill ( writing a Paragraph)

Outcome:  Students will be able to comprehend the text and at the end of the lesson/ they will be able to use English as well as write correct English


  • Singing a song (Jay Ho) from the film Slumdog Millionaire and relate this song to the story the Lost Spring or
  • Teacher can use MIME/ Mimicry to motivate the learners/create interest among the learners
  • Teacher can share an anecdote from real life about a person who becomes a very rich man by overcoming so many difficulties in his/her life or teacher will ask students to share similar story if they know
  • After writing the title (Lost Spring) on the blackboard, students will guess what can be the story? Or
  • Teacher will write “Food is more important for survival than an identity” ( Group Work) ( Speaking Activity) or
  • Teacher will ask students to do role play of street children, rag pickers, vegetable sellers


  • Teacher will ask students to read silently 2 paragraph of the story within a certain time ( 5-7 Minute).
  • Teacher will ask 2-3 students to speak about the text.
  • Teacher will explain the text by putting question before the students ( Elicitation Technique)
  • Teacher will present difficult words on the blackboard and explain its meaning with the help of students i.e. scrounging- to take sth without asking permission, mutters- to speak sth in a low voice, glibly- spoken in a smooth clever way but not seeming sincere and honest
  • Teacher will introduce pronunciation of some word and make them practice
  • Teacher will ask students to once again go through the text and identify the different tense used in the text i.e- why do you do this?, I ask sahib. Sahib left his home long away.  I like the game.

Sample of questions

  • Who is sahib?
  • What does he ask to the sahib?
  • Do rag pickers pick gold from garbage?
  • What is the meaning of “mutter”? Can you tell me antonyms/synonyms? What is it? A noun/pronoun / verb/adverb

Helping weak/reluctant learners:

Teacher will support them.

Teacher will encourage them to share his views in the class?


  • Teacher will once again summarise the lesson of the day by giving main points of the story. Or
  • Teacher can ask factual questions i.e. main event, day, date, name of the characters to encourage students
  1. True /false question
  2. Multiple questions
  3. Fill in the blank
  • Teacher can ask students to frame questions of their own choice. In fact if pupils are able to frame a few questions, it means they also know the answer of their own questions.
  • Summarising can be done by students

Home Learning:  Teacher will ask students to write a paragraph about “Food is more important for survival than an identity”

Real Life Learning:  Make students aware about societal problems, their real cause and effect

Teaching Aids:  Power Point Presentation, Pictures, Drawings

Teaching Techniques: interactive, Elicitation, Group Work, Role Play

A teacher can create a number of activities to teach a Reading lesson. It depends on teachers’ expertise as well as the objectives of teaching. Different activities can be organised i.e. brainstorming, role play, mime, group work, pair work, changing prose into dialogue writing between two character, telephonic conversation etc according to pupils’ age and styles of learning.

Sample of teaching Word power  at random in a language class

Teacher can teach vocabulary in a context with the help of students according to their age, considering different learning style, by using elicitation techniques ————–if needs


It can be

  • Meaning of the word
  • Antonyms/Synonyms
  • Family of the word
  • Forming meaningful sentence
  • Grammar of the word
  • Pronunciation
  • Origin of the word


Suppose a word “inspection” appears in the text, at least 10-15 words can be taught by using this single word like

  • Identify the key word/part of this word
  • Spect- to see

Rajeev Ranjan

Indian Educationist

Posted on

English language learning: Importance and benefits of practice and exposure

 Language learning is a complex phenomenon.

  Language learning is a complex phenomenon. So learning second language is more complex phenomena. In fact, complex phenomena of the world can be de-complex slowly and gradually. If we care greatly, and slowly move to explore the complexity of the world, the complexities become feasible, so is the case with language learning. The more exposure and practice we get, the more language learning takes place.

Language exposure in a suitable environment: – Does adequate exposure help students to learn a language?

Exposure of certain language in suitable environment is the key point in the language teaching – learning process. Language is meant for communication. Merely knowing the language is not sufficient, if it is not used in day to day life. Use of language for different purposes is another key point in learning a language. The systematic use of language develops at second stage of language learning i.e. appropriate/meaningful sentence, fluency, grammatical accuracy, word- power and punctuation. How much exposure does help in language learning?

If one wants a hands-on experience, be with us. Meet, this is Rehman, a student of class10th, appearing for the SSC board examination.  He writes almost all sentences correctly in the examination with full confidence; ask him to speak three sentences in English; will take 5 minutes time to speak. Don’t be hurry in your judgment; ask him to write 5 sentences, he writes it within seconds. What does it mean? Does he know less English? Or is he a shy to speak before you? What do you think?

He knows English very well but he can’t’ speak English. Because he is exposed to write sentence, doing translation, memorizing words meaning etc. Right from the beginning of schooling, his teacher, parents, made him to do so .He got exposure only in writing and reading, he never exposed to English speaking people. There were no peers to talk in English; even English teacher speaks in his mother tongue in the classroom and in home parents speak in their mother tongue. So there was no exposure at all. It is really pleasure to meet Ankush, a class 6th student of English Medium School in Hyderabad, he speaks English fluently, and however his writing skill is not so good. He got so much exposure everywhere, in society, in school, in home. Exposure does matter in language learning.

When does a child learn language?

When does a child learn language? A child starts learning language in his/her mother’s womb. It is proved in scientific research and even we know it from our religious epic the Mahabharta.  Abhimanyu learnt so much language in his mother’s womb. Can you say that journey of language learning starts right from the mother’s womb? Unconsciously a child has already been acquired some knowledge about a language and the parents, home, society, helps him to bring that unconscious knowledge to the conscious effort of language learning. The way child learns language is very interesting. In early stage, if a child utters a word “mama , pa –papa ” parents encourage his/her to say so repetitively and gradually child picks up language ,i.e. letter , words , sentences , phrases etc. It happens only due to practice and exposure to that language. Child starts learning his mother tongue. Slowly, children get more exposure in mother tongue.

Provide homely environment for maximize language learning: – Do you think so?

The main thing is that the children learn mother tongue in homely environment. What happens when children start to learn second language? Can we provide same environment in the classrooms in teaching –learning situations? We can certainly maximize second language learning in the classroom by providing homely environment in the class.

Role of family and society in learning a language

Language main purpose is to communicate, to convey the message. Home is the first school of language learning. If the parent of a child is well qualified and know more than two languages; child acquires more than two languages very easily. Suppose if a Child’s mother belongs to Gujrat and her mother tongue is Guajarati but she marries to a man from England, naturally child will acquire both languages.  It will also depend on the society, where they reside. If the parents live in Delhi and most of the people in locality speak Hindi, probably the child learns Hindi first than English. Because most of the time he listens Hindi than English. Society also plays important role in the language learning. If a number of people speak particular language in society; child will acquire that language easily e.g., in Goa there were French colonies before independence and till the date French is one of the main language in Goa. School is an important factor in language learning, their peers, and their teachers are most important in their life.

Role of English Language Teacher

Wise language teacher provides ample opportunity for his learners to communicate in English. He knows the importance of communication. We express ourselves in a proper manner, when we know “how to communicate” in English. We learn new language, when we involve in using words and sentences in desired learning language.

If teachers in the school are competent enough in their concern subject, and if their teaching methodology is suitable to the learners, suitable to the present needs of the learners, language learning takes place very soon. My friend Tappu qualified his intermediate level from a government school in Purvanchal district from Uttar Pradesh, India. His English teacher was very good. He used to teach English through structural method because of long tradition of his English teaching. English Teacher Sharma Ji used to teach him rules of grammar as well as translation efficiently. His grammar was fair enough but Tappu could never speak even a single sentence in English in his school days. He completed his Under Graduate Degree (UG) in English Literature from a state university. He got good marks but he hardly spoke in English. It happened because of examination system which was fairly based on writing five long questions therefore it was no need to speak in English. He started speaking in English after 6 month of his study in a reputed Department of English of a University. He practiced well to speak in English and tried to overcome his shyness because everyone in the university campus and hostel used to communicate with each other in English. Gradually I started speaking in English. He got enough exposure in the university campus. Exposure and practice in language learning is crucial factors without it no one can learn language. In fact we cannot learn language in vacuum.

Role of school in language learning

School is the best place where language learning takes place positively. It provides a big platform for each and every learner studying in the school. School provides comprehensive learning platform. Learning is a transmittable act. Positive and negative learning occurs rapidly. We try to learn a new language, when we find that everyone is speaking a same language. School provides a challenge for learner to speak in same language. Each and every stakeholder receives enough input in a language over a period of time. Student takes learning new language in a challenging way; yes I have to speak in English and I will speak in English. He started to practice it with one word, one wrong sentence at early stage but next stage he learnt more than a word or a sentence. Positive learning has been started at this point which leads in the classroom when a teacher delivers lecture in English, and peer communicates in English in the classroom, playground and in the bus while travelling. Students get better exposure and ample opportunities to communicate in English without sense of fear. Students learn English speaking technique very fast up to pre-primary and primary level; however English language learning is happened to be slow after 10-11 years of student. It happens due to learning English as a 2nd and third language. Learning occurs here but progress becomes slow. Notwithstanding, growth is observed in a gradual process.

Role of Textbook in Language Learning: Does a textbook play important role in language learning?

Exposure does matter in language learning. See any textbook prepared by SCERT India. Textbook has been heavily written to develop grammar; notion behind preparing these types of textbooks is that if we give much exposure in grammar children will learn language automatically. Of course it helps at some extent but communicative competence never develops by teaching only grammar in the classroom or outside the classroom. Language learning must be a fun. Children learn so much by play -way method. So language teaching must include so many activities which should be based on play way method. Text book plays crucial role in learning a new language. A standard textbook considers student’s age, social and cultural background positively and develops relationship with learners existing knowledge to provide proper, precise and concrete language learning opportunities for ‘each one teach one’.

Develop learner’s comfort level for learning

We should create such types of activities which involve children directly like role –play, discussion in the classroom etc. These types of activities provide so much exposure and practices. Children feel comfortable in the classroom. When children feel at ease in the classroom they learn so much, they think that they are just talking in the classroom, meanwhile they acquire so much language. Does a textbook play important role in language learning? Yes, a textbook plays crucial role in language learning. It provides ample opportunities for language learning through different tasks.  Now a day’s textbook writers give much importance to develop communicative competence; tasks are communicative and related to real life situations so that learns can use language in the class as well as in daily activity. If the textbook provides ample communicative tasks, children learn so much.

Exposure and practice” are the keys to success. Practices lead to perfection and command on that language and exposure helps to use that language in different contexts, it helps to sharpen that knowledge. Apart from exposure and practices, home, parents, school, teacher, society, textbooks play crucial role in language learning.

Rajeev Ranjan

Indian Educationist

Posted on

English Language:- Role of English Language in India

What is language ?

Language is not sounds, nor meaning; it is what connects the two in regular ways.  Language uses sounds to communicate meaning.

Many people feel that words carry meaning; that words and what they convey are inseparable.  One of Kalidas’ verses reads as follows:

Vaagarthaaviva  samprukto  vaagarthapratipattaye’

jata:pitarauvande  Paarvatii  Parameshvarau

Well, words are at best vehicles to convey meaning; but they are not the meaning.  Each language uses its own words, and the choice is purely arbitrary. Language is a highly organized network of sounds, clusters of sounds, words and phrases.  Each system is complete by itself. And it gives birth to a new language. when we think  about a language, English comes first in our mind, a language  ,a pathway of global communication and global access to knowledge.

English language is becoming the world’s language: the language of the internet, of business, of international flight. It is not exaggeration to say that English is the pathway of global communication and global access for getting relevant knowledge. English has become the vehicle for thousands millions of people of all countries to connect with each other, in countless ways. Indeed, English is much more than a language: it is a bridge across borders and cultures, a source of unity in a rapidly changing world. English does not make us all the same – nor should it, for we honor who we distinctly are. But it makes possible for us to speak to each other and to develop better understand with each other.

English language is a powerful force not just for economics, business and trade, but for mutual respect and progress. It is also becoming the common future of human commerce and communication. I consider, English is the best tool to provide good opportunity for learner to learn. Learning and teaching English is very near to my soul. So giving education in English will have a multiplying effect. Teaching English right from standard I does not necessarily mean neglecting our own languages. Let us remember what Macaulay himself had said and  let us remember an ancient Chinese proverb which says: “If you want to think one year ahead, plant rice. “If you want to think 10 years ahead, plant trees”, but if you want to think 100 years ahead, give education to people.

Education brings social transformation; social transformation leads to economic empowerment, which in turn leads to political power, a sequence worth remembering by state governments when they lay down archaic rules in the field of knowledge. Today, the world has become a global village and English has played an important role to bring people from different parts of the world closer to each other
compared to other languages. Due to the imperialism of the British Empire, all the countries have felt convenience to adopt English as the common language of communication in different spheres of life. So, English continues to play the role of a link language and is the language of wider communication. Most educated Indians communicate with one another in English rather than in an Indian language, even if
they have one or more in common. It is thus also a power language and a language of the Indian elite.

English continues to be the language of business, commerce, administration, the law and higher education – this in spite of official efforts to promote Indian languages in all areas. The national language, Hindi, is particularly un­acceptable in the South of India, where its promotion was seen as an imposition on a region which speaks Dravidian languages such as Tamil or Malayalam (in Kerala) as opposed to Indo-Aryan languages such as Hindi.

In such a situation, English continues to play the role of a link language and is the language of wider communication. Most educated Indians communicate with one another in English rather than in an Indian language, even if they have one or more in common. It is thus also a language of power and a language of the Indian elite society. The elite society in India sends their children to English-medium schools and even the poorest of the poor aspire to send their children there too, since English is seen as a language that provides upward economic and social mobility.

The global spread of English has generated varying perspectives on the nature and functions of its acculturated varieties. Undoubtedly, the “glossography” of English in the present world is both qualitatively and quantitatively unprecedented ( Nayar, 1994).  Annamalai, 2004; Phan Le Ha, 2005) is replete with a whole bunch of expressions to describe the diffusion and nativization of English: pluralisation, diversification, globalization, internationalization, universalization; hybridization, localization, indigenization; decolonization, dehegemonization, liberation of the English language, and so on.

In this regard, it is worth considering the questions Horibe (2000) and McArthur (2004) respectively raise: “Is English Cinderella, a kidnapped or adopted child, or Godzilla?” and “Is it world English or international English or global English, and does it matter?” Obviously, none of the labels listed above is wholly satisfactory and neutral. Each nomenclature has its limitations and its specific value, and serves a chosen purpose. Different scholars select different designations to support the perspective they adopt. Each label promotes its own construct, clusters of presuppositions, concepts and approaches that often determine the direction and type of exploration and conclusion. These nomenclatures mould our perceptions and generate world-views and images. Some of these labels connote a patronizing attitude and suggest a mono-centric approach, whereas others imply liberation from bondage and indicate a pluralistic approach. Strong compulsions have motivated scholars to rename the language. Two such compulsions are a need to respond to the postcolonial ambiguity about the globalization of English and a desire to shape a new pedagogical ideology (see Erling 2005).

In other words, it has generally been the Centre which has developed new technologies. Unsurprisingly, the associated terminology is in English. ….where industrialization and modernization have been chosen the relative achievement of those objectives is significantly tied to the availability of English because, for better or for worse, English is the language of science and technology. (Kaplan, 1987:144). In other words, he views access to English as a concomitant factor for successful modernization. They agree that learning English is neither an indication of Westernization nor entails an imitation and admiration of Western cultural values. (Al-Haq and Smadi, 1996: 313).

English language is a merely a language. Indian people studies and learns it as a second language at mass level. Nearly 20 thousands of CBSE affiliated and other different board schools promote English Language as the main language in pedagogical perspectives. We love to study each and every thing available in English language.

Nowadays our life heavily depends on virtual and materialistic world. English language provides a common platform for each and every individual in the society. It is nice to hear from illiterate people using a number of English words in day to day life. Pizza delivery man speaks fluent English with his customer. English language provides a big platform for a common man to members of elite society. English language provides simple solution to every walk of life. It does not matter, if we consider it a foreign language or second language. English language is a language of common man.

Rajeev Ranjan

Indian Educationist

Posted on

Yoga and Meditation: Benefits and Best Characteristics Features-Why We Should Integrate Yoga in Our Life?


Yoga and Meditation are most scientific, practical and observable phenomena not only in 21st century but right from the rise of civilization. India is the mother place of “Yoga and Mediation”. Of course, credit goes to Patanjali who explored the beauty of Yoga before the world. Earlier there was some confusion regarding scientific and practical approach of yoga in western civilization. It is really interesting facts that now each and every corner of the world has been taken notice about the impact of yoga and meditation in day to day life.


We are living in globalized village. Attitude and aptitude of person have been completely changed. Much focus has been given to individual freedom and nuclear family. Materialistic world became intruders of each one life. World became mechanistic. Everyone is running behind everything. People are losing their self identity. Industrialization has its own impact on common man. People are living in such confusion and chaos life. In fact, individual is on verge to break into pieces.

Why do we need to integrate “Yoga and Meditation” in our Life?

1.     Yoga and meditation integrate our body and mind

Yoga and meditation are integration of mind and body. It dissolves at a point. It helps us to keep us physically and mentally awakened and alive.

2.     Excellent tool and techniques to keep mentally healthy

Yoga and meditation provide freedom to an individual to practice it at any place and anywhere. An individual can practice it while travelling on a train/bus/aeroplane. We need only a space for sitting comfortably. An individual can perform meditation even in bed before sleeping. We can exercise it without taking stress of time. We feel free to do it for 5 minutes or 25 minutes in a day. There is no bar of morning, afternoon or day and night. Everything is in our hand and depends on our will to practice it regularly. This is beauty of yoga and meditation.

The posture should be steady and should be very, very blissful, comfortable. If you can steady and comfortable in a chair, it is perfectly okay- no need to try a lotus posture and force your body unnecessarily. (Osho)

3.     Yoga and meditation provide an opportunity to explore self

We are active member of materialistic and Apps enabled world. We are always in stress without a reason. We feel heavily stressed when we do not find our brush, toothpaste, tie, shoes or any other essential items at right place. Interesting fact of modern life is that we jump into a dying situation if we could not find our smart phone in our pocket. Most of the time, we communicate with outer world. Yoga and meditation provide an excellent opportunity to delve into one self, to examine oneself and to explore oneself for living a healthy and peaceful life.

4.     Yoga and meditation always fortify our mind to think wisely and act wisely

Yoga and meditation develop positive perspectives and exhibit ways to look self and societal issues in a wider perspective. Meditation is way to move towards negative to positive perspective of life. Firstly, yoga and meditation purify our inner soul and mind. Secondly, it creates a space in our soul and mind. Positive attitude exists only in a healthy soul and mind.

5.     The beauty of flexibility lies in yoga and meditation

Yoga and meditation make us flexible due its nature of flexibility. No need to worry about any materialistic items during performing yoga and meditation. Only we need a self awareness and self will power to keep us healthy, wealthy and wise.

6.     A healthy and peaceful life without a price

Yoga and meditation are available for everyone beyond caste, creed, culture, economy based society and nation. We can do it at our own pace, place and price. It is we who decides whether we will practice yoga on a branded mat/a piece of cloth and on the grass in the lap of nature. Money is not an issue at all in practicing “Yoga and Meditation”. It is purely a gift from rich Indian cultural ethos of Patnajali to develop a pure soul and pure mind.

Yoga and Meditation become center to provide relax as well as a sense of relief in day to day life. Every year a number of researches have been carried out from all over world. People are keen to learn Yoga and Meditation in day to day life. Every year thousands of journals, e-journals are published. There is a huge demand of Yoga Gurus in all over world.

Westernized lifestyle and fast living have brought in stress in peoples’ lives and taken it to a whole new level today. Where earlier stress was a word used by a selected age group or those who worked long hours, today everyone from kids to highly aged people is well aware of stress or exhaustion. In such a scenario, Meditation subliminal relaxation has come up as a solution for fighting all the stress, pressures, fatigue and weariness people are experiencing these days.

In fact, meditation subliminal relaxation is one of the most effective relaxation techniques and has the power to heel psychologically. Before understanding about meditation subliminal relaxation and how it benefits you, you should know what relaxation techniques are and how and on what problems do they work.

Calming and soothing down mind and body when in an unstable or burned out situation is called relaxation and methods that can be used to achieve this heeling, is termed as relaxation techniques. Since the technique that is being discussed is subliminal relaxation or meditation subliminal relaxation, the problem that is to be cornered is more or mental and psychological. There is a bundle of relaxation techniques to fight those emotional and psychological stress and strain experienced by our mind, often these stress also lead to physical stress later on.

Usually relaxation techniques are designed in a way that they can even be used together or in combination. Mediation subliminal relaxation is one such safe and easy technique that works with the combination or conjunction of power of meditation and subliminal technology. While it is easy for a person to understand what meditation can do for budding stress and fatigue, not many know that subliminal technology is a relaxation technique in itself and can work wonders for those emotional imbalance of a tired and stressful brain.

India has many famous gurus in the field of Yoga and Meditation. Yoga institute of Munger (Bihar) plays vital role to spread qualities of yoga to the common man. Modern gurus like Shri Ravinsahnakr, Osho, Murari Bapu, Asharam Bapu and famous guru “ Ramdev” established “ yoga and meditation” on worldwide label. Even  people from all over world are keen interested to have through research on Yoga and Meditation which will surely help the upcoming fast metro-look , metro sexual and pub styles kids.

Rajeev Ranjan

Indian Educationist



  1. Bhavanani, Ananda, Balyogi. (2007). Yoga and Stress. Yoga Vigyana. MDNIY, 1, 1, 9-6
  2. Cranwell, Ward & Alyssa, Abbey. J., (2005). Organizational Stress. Palgrave. Macmillan, New York-10010, USA
  3. Health  and Safety  Executive (2004).  Management Standards for Tackling Work-related Stress,
  4. Sharon, Staffy (2007) The Healing Effect of Yoga in PTSD
  5. Vaze, D.R., Lt. Col. (2007). Yoga for Stress Management, Souvenir, National Yoga Week-   2007. Morarji Desai National Institute of Yoga: 106-109.
  6. Snyder C.R. (2001) Coping With Stress: Effective People and Process, OU , NY
  7. Introduction To Stress Management
  8. Simple Things You Can Do Today to Control Stress
  9. Paula’s Story
  10. Effect of Meditation (Research Paper ) by ICMR
  11. Research Paper (Dr. A Malathy)
  12. Stress Management after Disaster by Marta Stuart