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Peer Assessment- Importance and Benefits for Effective Learning and Scoring Good Marks/Grades in Exam

Peer Assessment- Importance and Benefits for Effective Learning and Scoring Good Marks/Grades in Examination

What a wonderful moment! Nothing can be more effective than “Peer Assessment” in the classroom. Students were evaluating solved sample paper answer sheet of their classmates.  Each student evaluated other student’s answer sheet in true sprite. In fact, teacher hesitates to share different level of student’s mistakes directly with him. As teachers, we fear to share hard truth with student. We fear that our open, and direct feedback can have adverse effect on students.  Peer feedback has not adverse effect on students; it has positive effect on students and they take as a challenge to correct themselves for getting better score in the examination.

Peer assessment is an effective tool to impart quality learning in the classroom. Students solved ‘Sample Paper of Social Science as practice in the classroom. Students solved their question paper in 3 hours. They exchanged their answer sheet and evaluated all the answer for 1 hour. It was wonderful experience. They evaluated their peers answer sheets.  Student’s observation was minute and precise. Student gave feedback on widely covered mistakes i.e. from spelling mistakes to sentence formation, and from   formatting problems to quality content (a) Richa has written 2 answer while question consists of 1 mark. (b) Shreya has not given proper space between two words. (3) Anjali has written two much answers for 3 marks question. (d) Anju has written repeatedly same points.

Students minutely assessed their peer answer sheets. Ripunjay has written wrong answer. Question no 23 was from economics (role of education and women empowerment in economic development of a country) but she has written answer from Political Science. We found out several points during “Peer Assessment” Session. An alert learner will convert these shortcomings into great outcome which will surely help board examinee to score good marks in Social Science and other subjects. Students pointed out several mistakes of their classmates during “Peer Assessment Session” which can be corrected and implemented in other subjects also, since so many students committed very common mistakes in their answer sheet.

Key points of Peer Assessment in Social Science:-

  • Language Problems- Accuracy & Fluency
  • Grammatical mistakes
  • Problem in sentence formation
  • Incomplete sentence
  • Meaningless sentence
  • Habit of writing long sentence i.e. without punctuation marks
  • Spelling mistakes
  • Habit of writing either /or while writing answer
    Lack  of understanding the question language
  • Words limits (More than need/Very less content)
  • Either very less words 
  • Or over the limit words

  • Habit of not  writing precise answer
  • Inappropriate points in paragraph
  • Points written but without explanation ( however explanation required)
  • Lack of examples/Irrelevant examples/illustrations

 Benefits of Peer Assessment in Scoring Good Marks/Grades in Exam

Identifying Mistakes in Others Answer sheet and sharing with same age group of learners, motivates all students to set a benchmark for themselves and for improving their past mistakes in next attempt.

While listening to other mistakes from the same age group of learners help them to indentify one’s own mistake. Peer assessment alerts all learners towards all possible mistakes. Peer feedback awakes other learners that these types of mistakes may be or may not be occurred by them during examination.

Students learn a lot when s/he finds his classmates has written appropriate answer of a particular question. Peer gives feedback on all positive and negatives aspects. Peer assessment provides learner an opportunity to learn from mistakes as well as learn from quality content based answer. They can learn following points – (a)  What is parameter of writing a good answer? (b) What are the common mistakes which happen during examination? (c)  What are the basic mistakes which they can avoid during the examination? (d) How to write a good answer?

Peer teaching and peer assessment impart impactful learning experience in the classroom. Peer assessment makes himself alerts and aware while finding out the loopholes/mistakes in other’ answer sheet. Suppose, Mr. Sameer checked Ms. Garima answer sheet and pointed out that Ms. Garima has not written appropriate example in question number 7 and in question number 24, she wrote irrelevant points.  Will this observation help Mr. Sameer/Garima and other classmates in writing correct answer? Of course, it does not only help Garima but also whenever Sameer will attempt to write answer of question type (24), she will try to write relevant points. 

Peer assessment provides learning platform in a friendly environment. Students can laugh on other student’s silly mistake but at inner core student also understands that s/he may also commit same mistake. Generally it is observed that student learns his best when s/he feels something without any pressure.

Rajeev Ranjan

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Teacher’s classroom observation format

Teacher’s classroom observation format

School principal, teachers’ educator and educator observe teacher’s classroom teaching techniques. The main objective is to guide teacher for managing classroom effectively, deliver designed lesson to the students, effective teaching techniques , students involvement in the classroom etc. This observation leads to teachers’ empowerment. It should not be fault finding observation instead it should be teachers’ empowerment through providing proper guidelines and equipping teachers  with effective teaching techniques. Its’ main objective is to make  them alert, aware and sensitive educators who can feel the pulse of students’ need and cater the need of academically challenged learners as well as academically gifted learners in the classroom.


Teacher’s Classroom Observation format rajeev ranjan

teacher classroom observation feedback rajeev ranjan

Rajeev Ranjan

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Notebook correction checklist for school teacher

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Checklist for Maintaining Discipline in the Classroom and School for Teacher

Checklist for Maintaining Discipline in the Classroom for Teacher 

Objective:- How the class teacher will keep eagle eyes on students

Assessment Tools for Students’ Observation

  • Classroom: – Attend class regularly listen teachers , attentively, asks relevant questions, follow teachers instructions, actively participate in group or individual activities, focus on study rather than talking with friends, disturbing others  (2) Punctuality: – Submission of homework and class work on time (given deadline), always try to return back to classroom on time (3) Cleanliness & Neatness:- Self neatness(Cleaned and ironed uniform), proper nail and hair cut, polished shoes, actively involved in classroom/school cleanliness activities , encourage & help others to keep the classroom neat and clean, throw small papers/ rags in the classroom dustbin  (4)Communication:-Politely speaking to friends and other school mates, know how to talk with elders, seniors, teachers, and family members(within the class and outside the class), (5) Value towards person and school property:-  Do not fight with peers, respect individuals integrity, do not write on the student desk and classroom walls, do not pluck flowers, do not break table, chairs, tear pages of books, do not harm computer related articles, take permission before taking others items i.e. pen , pencil, books , notebooks

Rajeev Ranjan

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Lesson Plan -Questions Yourself -Tips for Writing an Effective Lesson Plan

Planning a Lesson

Lesson Plan  -Wise Teacher Asks 27  Logical Questions Before  Planning a New Lesson


A wise teacher prepares well his/her teaching topics. S/he evaluates his learners’ need well in advance. A wise educator always weighs each aspect of teaching learning process clearly before entering in the classroom/meeting students in the classroom. A wise educator asks him/herself following questions?


Rajeev Ranjan


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Classroom Management Tips and Techniques to Increase Students’ Learning

Classroom Management:- Tips and Techniques for Maximizing Students’ Learning Experience

Teacher’s expertise lies in managing a mix group of students smartly for ensuring the best learning outcome. Teacher’s subject expertise, well advanced proper planning before entering in the classroom, his ideas to integrate technology, his better time management skill and his better communication skill enhance students’ learning experience in the classroom.

A better classroom management skill demands a lot of hard work and proper practice before organizing actual teaching learning activity in the classroom. We are unique individuals. We possess different unique self skills for completing task systematically. Some of teaching styles of a teacher can be different  depending on his cultural location; however some unique features of a teacher remain same throughout world.

What should be done for maximizing learning in the classroom? What does a wise teacher do to ensure qualitative teaching learning in the classroom?

Planning before entering in the classroom

A wise teacher thinks about complexity level of teaching topics, students’ understanding level, supportive activities, and resource materials and his scheduled teaching time while preparing lesson in advance. Advance lesson planning helps educator to organize class as s/he wished to organize. Advance lesson planning helps educator to become a facilitator of learning in a students’ centered classroom.

Create learning environment in the classroom

Learning is a complex phenomenon. Learning different concepts, theory, methods and techniques in different subjects are really challenging for students. They are already in pressure to develop better understanding. Wise teacher creates a students’ learning friendly environment to make them alert for attentive listening and active for participating in learning process. Wise teacher uses different tools and techniques for making them alert learners i.e. learners’ friendly gestures in the beginning of class, sharing anecdotes, asking very simple questions related to students’ previous knowledge and their previous learning experiences.

Teaching through illustration and elucidation

Wise teacher works very hard, do ample practice and rational revision to have a command on teaching topic. Command on subject increases confidence level of a teacher which further helps  him to cater the need of academically poor performer as well as gifted students’ requirement in the classroom. Teacher teaches difficult topic in a light mood but precisely focused on teaching topic. Word to word and concept to concept teaching may make students lethargy. Wise teacher gives rational illustration and elucidate particular topic by correlating to past status and its implementation in present scenario. The moment students find learning topic relevant, interesting and challenging, their involvement grow and outcome of learning reaches at satisfactorily level.

Create Students centered classroom

Teacher’s presence in a classroom is due to students’ existence in the classroom. Wise teacher creates various learning experience for ensuring active and direct participation of students in the classroom learning. If the learners’ participation is good learning experiences and learning outcome will surely the best. Learning happens most when students’ participation goes at higher level in the class.

A subject expert makes each and every student secure and respectful in a mix group of classroom. S/he ensures each student’s intact dignity and ethnicity in the classroom. Wise teacher establishes democratic values in the classroom where all students are equal in the classroom. Each student has right to inquire, right to raise logical questions and right to reply in the classroom. Democratic values instill confidence among all learners; further students develop trust, feel connected with teacher’s teaching and develop a deep bond with teacher which leads their active participation in learning process. Students’ active participation ensures best learning outcomes in the classroom.

  Conduct authentic and reliable evaluation

Authentic and reliable evaluation system helps teacher to observe students learning growth in the classroom. Better performance in the test is result of better understanding of teaching topics. Wise teacher conducts authentic test during prescribed teaching time to observe learning alertness of students in the classroom. He helps poor academic performers by using suitable teaching techniques i.e. illustration, revision, real life examples, re-teaching and by giving personal attention to them. It is kind of moral support and moral boost up for poor academic performers. Teachers develops standard test for evaluating good academic performers. Wise teacher provides advanced resource materials, web links, and questions paper for practicing more and develop conceptual understanding for touching academic heights for the best academic performers in the classroom.

Teacher provides real feedback to each and every student of class on various occasions so that students can review and reform their learning styles and other correlated things.

Proper time management to complete a pre-decided task helps a teacher to implement his teaching techniques, ideas, vision and mission in a real classroom. If a teacher chalks out a plan well in advance for executing proper teaching in the classroom, he brings the best learning experience for the students in a classroom. Ensuring best learning outcome for a mix group of students determines the teacher’s expertise.

Rajeev Ranjan

Indian Educationist

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Use of Technology- Benefits of Using Appropriate Teaching Materials in the Classroom

Use of Technology- Benefits of Using Appropriate Teaching Materials in the Classroom

Technology is necessity of 21st century people. Our life is incomplete without technology. Technology helps us to grow physically, mentally and socially. Technology helps us to connect with each other. We are virtually attached with each other. We sense a real emotional bonding with each other. Widely availability of Desktop and Laptop in last decades ensured that technology is for everyone. Common people were excited to learn “how to operate it and how to use it”. Gradual development of Smart phone makes the task easy. Now people use Smartphone smartly. Of course, it is difficult to keep ourselves away from Smart phone even for short time. We feel a sense of incompleteness without Smartphone. Child starts feeling the importance of technology in life.

Integration of technology in the classroom for teaching learning process is essential and effective. Technology becomes integral part of education system. Wise teacher uses technology to ensure proper learning in the classroom. Teacher feels comfortable with technology. Student finds technology very useful for developing better understanding of different subject. Technological tools ensure effective teaching learning in the classroom.

Search engines give best result in fractions of second. Teachers as well as students face great difficulty in choosing appropriate content for the concerned topic. What can be the best ideas for selecting appropriate content for rational learning? What should be crucial factors for choosing right content? How can someone ensure the best learning outcome with the help of technology in the classroom?

People from all over world are uploading numerous teaching learning materials in various form i.e. Pdf, Word doc, images, videos and power point presentation through various platforms i.e. Slide share, YouTube etc. Without making familiar with the teaching materials before discussing/displaying and distributing can be the biggest chaos in the classroom.  We should be active, alert and sensible when we decide the content for teaching and learning process.

Students’ learning need

Learners are at the center in our teaching learning process.  A wise teacher considers students’ learning need before using technology in the classroom. If we decided to use technology in the classroom, we should consider “What is our students’ need? When we consider our students need, we consider on various factors which really hamper the students’ learning in the classroom.  Use of appropriate teaching online/offline/printed/softcopy etc increases students’ engagement and motivation; moreover it speed up learning experience in the classroom.

 Difficulty level of content/topic/text’s concept

Learning is a complex phenomenon. Technology supports our educational systems to enhance students’ learning experience through various technological tools. A well designed curriculum and syllabus cater the need of a nation. A well developed syllabus caters individual need in correspondence with culture. A wise teacher decides the difficulty level of content/topic/ text concept. S/he finds out materials through various available sources which fulfils the current need of students.

Students’ previous knowledge of content/topic/text

What is use of using technology in the classroom if we fail to evaluate our students’ previous knowledge of current teaching topic? Considering previous knowledge of our students help a teacher to decide appropriate teaching materials from where students can co-relate their existing knowledge with current teaching topic, from where they can proceed to the next level of learning.

Appropriate to students’ understanding level

A classroom consists of different types of learners’ i.e. slow learner, gifted learner and average learners. Their understanding level differs for various reasons. When we select supporting resource materials for the learners in the classroom, our resource materials should be able to fulfil mix groups of learners. A wise teacher considers his students’ level of understanding before using any technological tools and web materials in a classroom. Our main purpose to use technology in the classroom fulfill only when we cater the understanding level of each and everyone i.e. an English language teacher does intensive research before using appropriate teaching resource before entering in the classroom.

Appropriate to local learning environment (Social/Economical/National)

Every state and nation has its own cultures. A video on learning grammatical items on You Tube may be best suitable to America, Britain but may not be appropriate to China. Wise teacher uses appropriate resource materials for in a technology enabled classroom to maximize students’ learning experiences. A story from America may not be suitable to Indian students due to various reasons i.e. Name, surroundings, cultural background and language competency. A wise teacher customizes resources materials in a technology enabled classroom.

Appropriate language according to students’ level

Language is essential vehicle to learn new things. Age appropriate, understanding level appropriate and cultural appropriate language can enhance learning experiences in the classroom. What is use of using a Received Pronunciation (RP) and International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) enabled video in an Indian government school located in a remote area? Students uses mother tongue in the classroom. What is use of using printed materials consist of high standard words and sentences in a technological enable classroom? Our main objective to use technology in the classroom is to enhance students’ learning. Wise teacher assesses the appropriateness of resource materials language before using in the classroom.

Decide the content and practice well presenting before student

Choosing appropriate content and practice well before entering in the classroom establishes a teacher as fine person. Students take it positively. It helps teacher to manage the classroom systematically. What to do before entering in the classroom for using technology for maximizing learning and developing depth understanding of a particular teaching topic? Wise teacher selects appropriate different teaching resources for the classroom. S/he studies in depth. Teacher watches video in advance if s/he shows a video from You Tube and any other downloaded video. S/he prepares her classroom strategies i.e. how to use materials, when she will engage students, when she will ask questions, when she will conduct the assessment test etc to avoid confusing moment in the classroom. It is observed several times that a teacher has planned to show a power point presentation in the classroom but due to some technical reasons, he could not show it to the students, so it is better to keep materials in printed form if it is possible.

  • Read the text in depth
  • Watch the video in advance
  • Make your strategies to use material
  • Keep material in printed form if possible

Right preparation and proper planning maximize learning in the classroom. Teacher develops a better understanding for difficult topics with the help of technology in the classroom. Students always enjoy a wise subject teacher class.  So what ! Are you a wise teacher? Aren’t ——————–

Rajeev Ranjan

Indian Educationist

Benefits of Using Technology in the Classroom


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Student Classroom Misbehavior-Tips and Techniques

We are unique individuals. We have unique capacity and capability to grow in life. In fact, nobody is inferior and nobody is superior in the world. We face this reality in real life situation. Handling kids in classroom is really a challenging job for teachers. We meet a group of mix students in a classroom. Each student is king of his own nature. He behaves in the class according to his nature. Teacher fixes some class rules for his students for the smooth functioning of class which ensures quality teaching learning process. What happens when a child modifies some class rules for his own interest? How does a teacher handle this problem? How does he modify a child behavior? What happens when a child performs all duties on time but sometimes overrule teacher’s instruction?

Individual teacher has different perspectives to handle classroom problems. Which behaviors should be considered as student misbehavior? There is a thin layer difference between good and bad behavior. People interpret different behaviors on different parameter at different occasions. It means a student behavior at one place is acceptable but another place same behavior is not acceptable due to various personal, societal and cultural problems.

We always see through our own spectacles. We always interpret what we want to interpret. Have we checked the emotional level of other person before labeling a behavior as misbehavior? Mr. Tappu studies in class 4th in a reputed CBSE affiliated school in a small town of Uttar Pradesh. He is an intelligent student of his class. He completes his class work and home work on time. He replies to his teacher questions in the class. He is a little bit more active in the class in other words naughty. It has been observed from last two years that he has strong desire to sit in front of teacher (1st student bench of any row). Class teacher changes students’ seat in an interval but Tappu always tries to sit on his favorite seat or after sometimes he manages to come at first student bench. Teacher counseled him. It is common incident with Tappu. Do you think this is misbehavior? If it is counted as misbehavior then what action should be taken against him? If it is counted as his passion and his impulsive desire then what corrective measures should be taken? He always obeys his teacher but two things he always love to do i.e. (a) sitting on 1st bench (b) reaching to school bus firstly at departure time. Other aspects of his behavior is that when teacher finds guilty of other misconduct, he says innocently, ma’am he(other student) supported to do this/ other also committed same mistakes. Do we need to differentiate among these 3 observations? Do we need to consider all 3 observations on same ground?

When we minutely observe the boy, we found that sitting on first student bench and running fast at departure time to get front seat was his impulsive behavior. He does not harm others’ while doing so? He has been scolded and reprimanded on various occasions for doing this activity. I was personally watching him. It is amazing that he admits his fault. He tries to modify his behavior but the outcome of his behavioral change fluctuated in an interval.

Mr. Tappu is not an aggressive and harmful student. He is not even aware that he is committing a mistake. School caters the need and interest of one and all students in the classroom and at the campus. Firstly we develop self awareness and an understanding to know other student’s right to sit in front of teacher and take seat besides driver. Gradually he realized the importance and rights of other classmates. He tried to modify his behavior but intrinsically he aspires for the same. We used same corrective measures repeatedly (1) showing empathy (2) being compassionate with him (3) fixing his seat with strict order and everything was as usual since it was not such a big issue. Notwithstanding we were very clear that Mr. Tappu should not carry this negative habit for a long time so we were trying our best to correct it on different level. It may be possible that this mild behavior can be converted into an aggressive nature to do something. We never used to miss an opportunity of observing, praising and reprimanding him.

One day an amazing incident occurred in the morning assembly. We were talking on characteristics of a good person.  We should polish our shoes on daily basis and also discussed all essential qualities of a good student. Mr. Tappu’s shoes were shining. I called him to stand in front of all students. Although, he was a confident student however he was little nervous. He was not aware the reason for standing i.e. (for punishment/for praise). I asked students to clap for him for his shining shoes. Then, he gained his confidence. Ok, it was good for him. Since, we used to scold and reprimand him on various occasions for various silly mistakes in the classroom. I went to his class and once again surprised him. I called him on teacher’s teaching platform. I asked him, “Why did I call you? He was really confused whether it was punishment and praise for him. I embraced and patted him for his well polished shoes before classmates. We did not know, “ how did he perceive this act”  but since then Mr. Tappu is most obedient boy in the class, neither he changes his  seat and tries to come on first bench, nor he runs fast at departure time to reserve his favorite front seat in the school bus.

We use various techniques to modify child misbehavior. Empathy is one of the greatest virtues to handle student misbehavior in the school premises. Wise teacher initiates corrective measure at early stage. No behavior is permanent. Human beings’ behavior is always at a flux. We learn and also relearn it. Our behavior can be modified at any stage of life. It may take time for behavioral modification but it is certain that student’s misbehavior can be corrected at any moment of life if he comes in contact with a wise teacher.

Wise teacher takes necessary action at early stage of student’s misbehavior because it is very easy to correct it but when a student becomes rigid and stringent, it may be hard for teacher to change it in a short span of time. Students’ misbehavior can be corrected and modified no matter how much stringent and rigid. It may take a little longer time. We should avoid those situations and circumstances in the classroom due to which a child becomes rigid to repeat act of misbehaving in the classroom.

When we train a mind, mind becomes rational; when we train a heart human being becomes humane. (जब हम एक मन को प्रशिक्षित करते हैं, तो मन तर्कसंगत बन जाता है, जब हम दिल को प्रशिक्षित करते हैं, तो इंसान मानव हो जाता है।) Wise teacher trains simultaneously students’ mind and heart. Let us! Be wise to become a good teacher who trains students to be a good human being.


Rajeev Ranjan

Indian Educationist

Student Misbehavior: Teachers Can Make a Difference

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Lesson Plan for Teaching Gifted Students-Tips and Techniques for Effective Classroom Management

Nobody  is inferior and nobody is superior, one is just oneself. Educator identifies inherent capacity of students. He nurtures the inherent talent to become more efficient and more skilled;  to do something more innovative, more expressive, more novel for the welfare of the universe. A classroom consists of mix group of learners i.e. academically good, average and poor in academic performance. A classroom consists of different types of learners i.e. visual, auditory, kinesthetic so on and so forth.

Preparing good lesson plan which caters the need of different types of learners is essential quality of a teacher. Teacher prepares the best lesson plan for ensuring effective teaching learning in the classroom. It is really a challenging job for a teacher to cater the needs of all different types of students in a class. Gifted students always pose a challenge before a teacher. They are intelligent students. They have sharp memory. Gifted students develop understanding of a topic very fast. They complete the classwork and home work on time. Sometimes gifted students complete the task very soon in the classroom. They can not sit idle in the classroom. They may feel boredom. They start doing mischievous acts which may create discipline problem in the classroom.

A wise teacher prepares an intensive lesson plan for gifted students to execute a better classroom management skill. Advance planning of topic/lesson helps educator to create learning environment in the classroom. Teacher should use best available materials to cater the need of brilliant students of the class.

Best material related to the concerned teaching topic

A wise teacher prepares best teaching materials for his teaching topic. A teacher fulfills needs of all students of a classroom. No students’ progress should be hamper in a classroom. Teacher has to think progress of all students. It may take a little more time to develop understanding of teaching topic for average and below average performer of the class, however it may be possible that gifted learners will complete the task very soon; therefore a wise teacher produce advance material to the gifted students and guides them to complete it in certain time. Teacher engages gifted students through producing good materials with students. Teacher arranges all materials well in advance for handling gifted students in the classroom.

Advanced questions for good students i.e. worksheet, practice paper, HOTS questions

Wise teacher develops worksheet, practice paper and different HOTS questions for various gifted students in the classroom. Generally gifted students solve all simple and basic textual question easily. Teacher prepares HOTS questions. When general students solve factual and global questions in the classroom that time teacher distributes some HOTS questions to the gifted students. It keeps students engaged in the classroom. Usually teacher prepares all these questions in advance which saves teacher times and help him to manage the class effectively.

Extended challenging alternative activities for good students to enhance thinking skills

Activity based teaching learning process maximize learning in the classroom, but sometimes it creates chaos in the classroom if the teacher could not design alternative advanced activities for gifted students. Designing alternative advanced activities for the best performers of the class helps teacher to take necessary required action for all learners. It ensures maximum involvement of each and every learner in the classroom. Gifted students utilize maximum time in learning activities. As soon as gifted students complete a given task, teacher personally assign a new challenging task to solve in the classroom. When students become busy in performing advanced task, then teacher handles other students of the class smartly.

Proper time management for different tasks and activities

Gifted students are usually independent learners. They perform all the task within a time. Teacher prepares his lesson plan precisely and s/he designs task minutely with minute to minute activities. Teacher prepares lesson plan properly i.e. preparation/ ice breaking activities, presentation of topic , students activities during the lesson , evaluation of learning through different tools during the lesson and final assessment before final bind up of the class. He shares time limit with students and encourages students to finish the task withing the time.

Share instructions precisely to avoid confusion in the class

Wise teacher shares precise and concrete guidelines to avoid confusion among students in the classroom. His instructions quench the curiosity of all different types of learners in the classroom. They follow teacher’s guidelines to complete the task on time. Insturctions and guidelines related to learning activties should contains less words but it should be effective. It saves time in the classroom. Gifted students focus on completing tasks rather clarifying doubts over ‘how to complete the task’. Effective teacher uses his guidelines for effective learning outcomes in the classroom.

Nobody is inferior and nobody is superior.  No palm line and no thumb impression are same in this world. Every child is unique. Every child’s learning style is unique. We are unique.Teacher explores the fathomless world of knowledge before the gifted students.

Rajeev Ranjan

Indian Educationist


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Student Misbehavior: Teachers Can Make a Difference

We always expect medicinal and magical effect to solve behavioral and attitudinal problems of students. Students are human being. Human beings possess millions of observable and non-observable traits. Generally, educator becomes judgmental rather than an alert and minute observer. Every single act of student will not come under misbehaviour. A wise educator perceives different human traits on different layers and find out the logical solutions of students’ misbehaviour. We need not worry to create Utopian Society. We deal with smart kids (technological smart if not academicals smart). We always need to handle these smart kids with care, love and affection. Never ever leave a space for a student to form a negative outlook for you. Always keep open interaction with students to form a positive attitude towards learning, academic, peers and school. We should always try to repeat and remind the essence of good behaviour. The desired changes in the students’ behaviour will be observed ——-time—-time —–time ———will be there —-keep patience –remind—-repeat——–keep doing proper effort—— —               

Rajeev Ranjan

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Ownership of Learning: Strategies for getting students to take responsibility for their learning

learning theory
Nobody is inferior and nobody is superior, one is just oneself. Unique individual possesses unique inbuilt capacity. Educator activates individual’s inbuilt capacity. He helps individual to explore his inbuilt capacity. A wise educator instigates desire for learning. Educator sole responsibility is to awaken learning sense of students and guide them to right direction in a right approach. Educator designs student’s learning techniques.

Awake Learning Desire –Develop Sense of Learning Ownership

When we awake learning desire of our students, we develop a sense of ownership in each and every learner of our classroom. Wise educator analyzes individual’s capacity intelligently and ensures his/her involvement in process of learning. When we create a positive learning circle in the classroom and students sense it positively then we lead them to a point of learning where they feel intrinsic motivation to explore depth of learning. They share their understanding with teacher, peers and friends, they feel a sense of caring from peers and teachers, they feel free to make mistakes and of course they find right platform to express their voice. Positive learning environment enables students to make appropriate learning choices which are resulted in their self –determination and intrinsic motivation to inquire, to investigate and to explore more and more.

Inculcate Democratic Values-“Yes you can” and “I believe in you”.

Educator instills democratic values when he incorporates sense of learning ownership among students. Integrating democratic values in classroom occurs when educator respects the dignity of an individual and considers individual as complete personality who can think like us. It is a sense of equality where the learner and educator stand on same platform and share knowledge with one another. It is a process to trust the individual’s dignity, capacity and capability. When educator develops a sense of learning autonomy among learners, then he says; “Yes You Can” and “I believe in you”.

Develop Ownership for Each One

When we talk developing a sense of ownership among good, average and below average academic performers of the class, we develop an autonomy supportive setting in the classroom. In fact, it has positive effects on different learners. Wise educators develop a sense of ownership among different types of learners. We instil this skill on various occasion of learning in the classroom and in the school campus.

Setting Own Learning Goals

Wise educator make them a sensible learner, who knows what to learn, how to learn and why to learn. Wise educator help learners to decide own learning goals. The day learner comes to realize that this is the ‘goal’ which I want to achieve, s/he starts working hard to achieve it since, s/he knows objective of his/her learning.

Setting Own Deadline To Complete The Tasks

Wise educator works together with all students, guide them and motivate them to complete the various task on time. Completing a task on time surely enhances the confidence and self esteem of students, because nature of task does not matter but completion of task does matter in building confidence and framing positive learning attitude among students. It develops a sense of punctuality. The day a student learns the value of completing a task on time, the day s/he leads towards a way to perfection. Ruchi is a gifted student of class 8. She excels in all learning direction. She shared her feeling in a group meeting that if she completes one task at right time, she is able to complete another task also on time, otherwise pending works creates unnecessary burden and also kills other task’s time.

Sensitize Student To Be Self Dependent

A person’s personality is total sum of the time s/he spends with his/her family, friend, school and society. Everyone becomes a teacher for us. In spite of all these stakeholders of our learning; school plays crucial role in our learning in most of the cases. A wise educator develops a sense of self dependency among learners. It is to make them free from sole dependency on teacher and textbook. An active student explores all available resources. He develops own way of learning styles, making notes and doing other learning works. He reads his own, interprets the meaning of text and seeks help from educator in the time of difficulties.

Sensitize Students To Think Independently On Any Relevant Scientific And Social Issues

Thinking is a skill. It develops over a period of time with keen eyes to observe and interpret knowledge, with the help of intensive reading and with the help of vast experiences of life. A wise educator helps students to think their own on various topics and life situation. Basically they explore the rational knowledge of students. They initiate and stimulate the inbuilt knowledge of individual in various context and references. A wise educator helps students to bloom and spread the fragrance of knowledge. He opens a door and an opportunity for his learners. Sometimes a learner thinks rationally and has concrete ideas than the educator. Educator identifies this capacity and establishes a sense to be an independent thinker on various basic and crucial points in pedagogical paradigm.

Sensitize Students To Identify Their Own Weakness And Strength

To become a knowledgeable person is one aspect of life and to become sensible to our weakness and strength help us to become integrated human beings. Educator achieves a great success when he ensures the ability to identify own weakness and strength among each and every learner. Knowing oneself is a difficult phenomenon. A wise student always ready to accept his weakness and always ready to improve his weakness, because he thinks that his weakness is a great hurdle in his learning. He challenges himself to overcome his own weakness. Tappu analyzed the last term exam result and he came to know that he could not practice well on quality content in Social Science. He got less marks in Social Science. He prepared well, used to show his written answer to his mentor and frequently asked about his weak point to his teacher. He worked on his teacher’s guidelines and developed a good command on quality answer.

Sensitize Students To Analyze Their Own Performance Data

When we evaluate our own performance in different situations, it helps us to re-evaluate our process of learning. We judge our efficiency and drawbacks. We evaluate our skills. We become able to reflect upon men, method and materials. Subham formed a peer group of learners. This group fixed the TARGET to qualify a National Level Test. Group of learners appears in different pre-preparation test series before final examination. They analyze their test score in an interval. They develop their strategies on the basis of their final score card i.e. which topics need more focus, where they have to  do more practice , what type of resource material they will use for next pre-test examination etc. Subham endorsed that critical analysis of their own performance data is like a mirror for them. It truly reflects upon their planning, preparation and execution. It helps them to re-think, reshuffle and reschedule their way of working on desired goal.

Sensitize Students To Review Steps And Strategies To Improve Weak Points

Data interpretation gives an insight for learners.  If we want to increase success ratio, we review our strategies over a period of time. Educator sensitizes their learners to review their steps and strategies to improve weak points. Everyone does not do it in day to day life. A wise learner always weighs his capacity and capability in a certain contest. They plan ahead for future so that they should not repeat previous mistakes over and over. As famous author Alexander Pope quoted once, “To err is human” (An Essay on Criticism). I firmly believe that smart people think innovatively and work according to their plan. He may commit 100 of mistakes during execution of those planning but always tries to review his mistakes and make an improved plan. Committing error is not a sin but committing mistakes again and again is a sign of conflict personality.  A wise educator nurtures an individual in such way that s/he becomes sensible enough to review his/her planning for the better learning outcome. Educator creates a circle of comfort zone so that students share their positive as well as weak points with peer, parent and teacher. A wise educator hears the unvoiced sound of a student.

Sensitize Students To Develop An Improved Plan Based On Anlyzed Data

A wise educator helps students to prepare an improved plan based on analyzed data. He discusses better options and alternate on present situation. He helps students to compare and contrast before redrafting previous plan. He shares the better ideas with students. A wise educator discusses previous experiences on certain context so that students get an insight. Ms. Rimpi a class 12 students was facing a lot of problems in developing deep conceptual understanding in a unit of physics. She consulted so many books but could not understand that particular topic. She shared her problems with Mr. Rai an experienced physics teacher of that school. Ms. Rimpi worked on the ideas given by Mr. Rai and performed quite well in compare to previous test. Integration of Mr. Rai subject expertise and vast experience and execution on the Mr. Rai suggestions by Ms.Rimpi converted into a better learning outcome.

Sensitize Students To Execute Those Steps And Strategies To Convert Efforts Into Visible Changes

Educators subject expertise as well as his/her teaching experiences provides a golden platform for students to execute different learning strategies in right directions to convert into a visible changed. We observed this with the case of Ms. Rimpi while dealing with physics problems. Educator always creates a learning environment in the classroom. He breaks the barrier of complexity of learning, motivate students to think rationally. He supports student sometimes beyond the limit to break the conventional thinking box and create a new era of learning.

Teacher activates inherent and inbuilt capacity of an individual.

Educator is architecture. He designs an integrated human being under his kind guidance and visionary leadership.

Teacher activates inherent and inbuilt capacity of an individual.  When an educator instills learning autonomy in the classroom, he helps students to develop the capacity to make choices, he helps students to understand their learning interest, he helps students how to design learning choices and monitor the positive and negative consequences of their choices, he encourages students to make choices and exercise self-initiative in learning activities, helps students to recognize and manage their emotions and finally helps students to watch how their beliefs work in different situations. In fact, it is golden opportunity for educator to share their thoughts and feeling with students.

Rajeev Ranjan

Indian Educationist


Dewey, J. (1916). Democracy and education. New York: Macmillan.

Fletcher, A. (2005). Meaningful student involvement: Guide to students as partners in school change. Bothell, WA: HumanLinks Foundation.