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Believe in Yourself—–“Act Now”——” You can”

“Act Now”

” You can”—–Believe in Yourself

“Believe in yourself! Have faith in your abilities!

“If you can dream it, you can do it.”—Walt Disney

How to increase our confidence to face challenges? 

Rajeev Ranjan

School Teacher

Teaching is an art

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Life Changing Positive Thoughts -Positive Vibrations of Life

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Life Skills Teaching-Learning -Beneficial for Holistic Development of Child

Life Skills Education-Beneficial for Holistic Development of Child

 

Life skills are essential and integral part of education system. National Curriculum Frame work integrates all essential life skills. Educator integrates them in regular teaching learning process. S/he helps learners to identify them, learn those essential skills and implement them in real life situation. Educator sole aim is to fill the gap between textual knowledge and worldly knowledge. A wise educator correlates subjective knowledge in a real life context to develop life skills. It is possible by integrating two or more than two different subjects. Mathematics educator can integrate music or physical work while teaching mathematics.

Life Skills: Importance in Educational Experience

 

Life skills education seeks outcomes of changed attitude and behaviour.

Life skills education has been introduced in different ways in formal schools. NCF introduces life skills as a new subject and also integrated within the teaching practice and content of other subjects. It is also offered as extra or co-curricular activities.

Life Skills Curriculum:

 

Integrated life skills curriculum includes textual knowledge and skills; moreover it focuses on behaviour, attitudes and values.

Life skills curriculum is blended with students’ active participation, interactive teaching and learning methodologies.

Life Skills: Key concepts

  • Life skills: Refers to a large group of psychosocial and interpersonal skills that can help people make informed decisions, communicate effectively, and develop coping and self-management skills that may help lead a healthy and productive life.(Nations Children’s Fund, ‘Life Skills: Definition of terms’, web page, <www.unicef.org/lifeskills/index_7308.html>, accessed July 2011.)
  • Life skills education: Refers to educational interventions that seek to address the above areas.
  • Life skills-based education: Is a combination of learning experiences that aim to develop not only knowledge and attitudes, but also skills (i.e., life skills) that are needed to make decisions and take positive actions to change behaviours and environments.2
  • Skills focus: The focus on psychosocial capabilities for using knowledge (critical thinking, problem-solving), for being decisive and resilient (decision-making, motivation, resilience), and for living together (communication, empathy)
  • Livelihood skills: Refers to income generation and may include technical/vocational skills (carpentry, sewing, computer programming), job-seeking skills such as interviewing, business management skills, entrepreneurial skills, and skills to manage money

Essential Life Skills: – Categories of Life Skills

Self-awareness

Problem Solving

Decision Making

Critical Thinking

Creative Thinking

Interpersonal Relationships

Effective Communication

Empathy

Managing Feelings/Emotions

Dealing with Stress

 Learning life skills occur within and beyond a boundary wall of classroom. Parent, educator and society are crucial stakeholders to develop life skills. I find, ancient education system (Guru & Shisya tradition) was one of the fine example of developing life skills. Guru (educator) used to ask his disciples to arrange their own food or other things. Disciple used to face so many indifferent & intolerable situations to arrange, however they used to come up with various solutions to survive. Blending of academic activity into other various activities helped those disciples to lead successfully in various walks of life.

 Ways of Acquiring Life Skills 

  • Acquisition of life skills is a continuous and comprehensive process. Learning life skills heavily depend upon parent, teacher, institutional curriculum and surroundings. Individual learns relevant life skills through active participation, observation, real life experience and incorporating learning in a real life context.

  • Life skills are acquired through right learning and nurturing individual’s inherited capacity and latent capability.
  • Life skills are acquired when we provide a platform or an opportunity for them to learn and practice.

  • Individual learns life skills through awareness, alertness and by providing him/her required  training i.e “it may happen”/right techniques to tackle”
  • UNICEF’s ‘Life Skills Learning and Teaching: Principles, concepts and standards’, for instance, states that “alongside literacy and numeracy, life skills are essential learning outcomes of quality education.

United Nations Children’s Fund, Life Skills Learning and Teaching: Principles, concepts and standards, UNICEF, 2010.

Modern Education Systems develop and designs various interdisciplinary activities to instill and impart life skills. I firmly believe that, integration of life skills in pedagogical develops a learner into a fine human being.

 

Only a wise and a skilled educator can provide real ‘life skills’ learning experience to a learner otherwise an individual even learns something from a rikshapular, a beggar or a layman!

References:-

  • World Health Organization, Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion, <www.who.int/hpr/NPH/docs/ottawa_charter_hp.pdf>, WHO, 1986.
  • 14 World Health Organization, Life Skills Education in Schools, WHO Programme on Mental Health, WHO, 1997.
  • National Curriculum Framework( NCF,2005)
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Teaching Human Values- Importance of Developing Essential Values Among Students

Human beings are most wonderful creature of the world. Child is always innocent and pious. A child is remained a child whether s/he belongs to an elite class family or a labor class family. School is second pious place where children from different societies and cultures study under a roof. Their family background may be different but school provides education for each and every one.

Educator, parent and educational institutions provide a wonderful platform for learning. These three pillars train students to become man of values. We can use different means and modes for inculcating human values i.e. self awareness, love, respect, importance of discipline, strong will power, determination, punctuality etc. among students. Our motto is to develop an individual as an integrated world citizen. I think, inculcating essential human values helps a person to perceive world in a wider perspective.

Educator, parent and educational institutions try to sensitize the human values which are of course inbuilt in every child. Learning is always a complex phenomenon. Either we learn complex topics of different subject or we learn values of life. We become alert citizen when we get right parent, right school and right educators. Everyone shows us right path in our journey of life. Every parent, society, culture and state tries to develop essential human values. We used to learn different human values through beautiful narration of our elders family member. Now, child watches different videos to learn values. Human values are just as essential as we breathe fresh air. Both fresh airs and human values give us a new life. Human values make us alive in this materialistic and sophisticated E-gadgets world.

Handling 21st Century Kids a Challenging Task

We are wise educator. We handle 21st century Android apps enabled generation. Kids love to spend more time on Electronic gadgets. They are least motivated to talk with their peers, parent and elder members of family at the same time parents also spends much time on Electronic Gadgets. Intentionally or unintentionally parents are busy with Whatsapp, Facebook, Instagram, Twitter and other social platform. This creates a void between parent and kids. They are sharing same room, same food and same bed but using different electronic gadgets at the same time. Family members are present under a roof but minds are busy consciously or unconsciously in virtual world.

Children may show rigid behaviour and naughtiness in their nature but ultimately they are innocent kids. We conducted an experiment with 400kids for evaluating their observation skill and learning skill i.e.

  • How much they know about themselves?
  • Are they able to identify their necessity?
  • Are they able to identify their weakness and strength?
  • Do they know values of love and respect in their life?
  • Do they know values of will power and determination?
  • Do they know values of good habits?
  • Do they differentiate between good habit and bad habit?

We included students from 1st to 9th classes (5-14 years). We asked them to write 5 promises which they would like to do with themselves for coming New Year. What are the areas which they wish to improve in next year. The result of was wonderful. Almost 80 percent students know that they have been doing certain things which they think as inappropriate and they felt the need to improve those behaviors. They felt that:-

They fight with brother and sister which are not good human values.

They do not listen their parent which is not good human values.

They talk in the class when their teacher is teaching (which are not good human values)

They have shown love for nature and animal.

They know the values of punctuality and importance of discipline in their life.

They know the values of love and respect for family and elder members of society.

They know the importance of good communication skill.

 

95percent students felt that their subject (Hindi, English, Math, Science and Social Science) is weak and they will work hard and do more practice to improve in concerned area. Student knows the value of hard work.  It was amazing to read a statement by Shreya, “I will never give up”. We were feeling proud while we were reading (I will never copy my teachers.) the promise of Yashika Singh(3rd Class)  a girl child. Recently, she checked her own notebooks and has signed like he teacher. I personally met her on this issue. I found the beauty of being innocent. She realized that she has committed a mistake which was not appropriate. Mr A Singh (5th class student) student have shown a great respect for school driver and stated that “I will say “good morning” to driver uncle”.

Values  
Self  belief I will believe in myself (Ayushi Yadav. 9th Class)
Love I will not fight with my brother and sister. ((Ananya Pal, 1st Class )

I shall not hurt animal. (Manas Singh Bisen, 1st Class)

I will not pluck flower and plant in the school.(Riddhi Pathak,4th Class)

 

Respect I will say “good morning” to driver uncle. ( A Singh, 5th Class)
Discipline I will obey my teachers.

I will not talk with friend when class is going on.

I will obey the school rules. .(Riddhi Pathak,4th Class)

I will keep my thing at proper place.(Arsh Vidham, 4th Class)

Discipline I will obey my teachers.

I will not talk with friend when class is going on.

I will obey the school rules. .(Riddhi Pathak,4th Class)

I will keep my thing at proper place.(Arsh Vidham, 4th Class)

Determination I will improve my Hindi Subject. (Ananya Pal, 1st Class )

I will work hard in Science Subject. (Abhishek Yadav, 9th Class)

I will improve my handwriting.

I will do hard work.

I promise that I will study every day. (Asefa, 3rd Class)

I will study two hours every day. (Shrey Singh, 4th Class)

I will never copy my teachers. (Yashika Singh, 3rd Class)

I will perform well in the examination. (Ayushi, 9th Class)

I promise that I will work hard and get good marks. (Nidhi Pal, 6th Class)

I will improve my learning power. (Divyanshu Maurya, 6th Class)

I will improve my spelling mistakes (Shreyanshi, 6th Class)

I will work hard in learning questions and answers.( Mehul Shaw, 8th Class)

 

Punctuality

 

I will do homework on time. (Ananya Pal, 1st Class )

I will waste my time. (Yug Pratap Singh, 1st Class)

I will complete my work on right time. (Manas Singh Bisen, 1st Class)

I will complete my all pending work. (Ishan Sahu, 4th Class)

Communication I will improve my speaking skills (Hindi & English) (Yash Anand, 9th Class)

I will talk to my parents in good manner. (Vaishnavi Singh, 4th Class)

I will listen my teacher.

Awareness I won’t waste water. (Manas Singh Bisen, 1st Class)
Cleanliness Always keep my house neat and clean.

I will keep my surroundings neat and clean. (Shreyansh Yadav, 3rd Class)

Habits Wake up early in the morning. (Anushka, 1st Class)

. I will never tell a lie. (Ansh Yadav, 1st Class)

I will not use bad words (Manas Singh Bisen, 1st Class)

I will not beat anyone. (S Seth, 5th Class)

I will watch TV for a limited time. (Yug Pratap Singh, 1st Class)

I will not talk so much in the class.

I will help my mother in all works. ( 3rd Class)

I will eat what my mother will make. (Ishan Sahu, 4th Class)

I will polish my shoes (A Singh, 5th Class)

I always sleep on time. (Ayush Yadav, 5th Class)

I will try to have dinner at right time. ( S Mishra, 5th Class)

Positive Attitude I will never give up ( Shreya, 9th Class)
Philosophical I promise to be a good daughter, sister, niece and cousin. (Anushka, 5th Class)

I promise to live in the present moment and try not to worry about the past or future. (. (Anushka, 5th Class)

Child knows the values of good habits in his/her life. It was amazed to read Ms. Anushka promise. A brilliant girl (10 years) wrote that “I promise to live in the present moment and try not to worry about the past or future”. I personally know her. She is only child of her parent. She does not feel secure in a group. She is the best when she has to perform all alone but tears comes on her face quickly when something does not happen according to her wish. I was completely stuck while reading her statement. We need to awake a child. We need to sensitize a child. When a child becomes a sensible; s/he becomes an integrated personality.

A good teacher’s success lies in making a student good citizen of the world and in enriching his knowledge in all aspects to become a good human being. We are facilitator for our kids. We nurture our kids in right direction. Our sole purpose is to nurture them, train them and equipped them with different human values (self awareness, love, and respect, importance of discipline, strong will power, determination, and punctuality). No ridiculous fears. No debilitating anger.” If educators establish this culture at school premises, no doubt at all we will inculcate the value of ‘live and let live’ in learners’ community. We are educators. We make a big difference.

References:-

 

 

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Life Skill Teaching Techniques for Teacher

                                        Life Skill Teaching Techniques for Teacher

Life skills develop right attitudes to think smartly, act smartly and to live consciously.  Life skills enhance strength of a person to survive in 21st century fast growing virtual world.

Life skills are the personal, interpersonal and cognitive psychosocial skills that enable people to interact appropriately manage their own emotional states and make decisions and choices for an active, safe and productive life.

The United Nationals Children’ Fund (UNICEF) focuses on developing a child as an integrated human being. “Life skills education is an important vehicle to equip young people to negotiate and mediate challenges and risks in their lives, and to enable productive participation in society. (UNICEF)

Life skills “may be defined as abilities for adaptive and positive behaviour that enable individuals to deal effectively with the demands and challenges of everyday life. (WHO)

As the WHO states: “Skills that can be said to be life skills are innumerable, and the nature and definition of life skills are likely to differ across cultures and settings.”

Life skills are acquired when we provide a platform or an opportunity for them to learn and practice. Individual learns life skills through awareness, alertness and by providing him required training i.e “it may happen”/right techniques to tackle”

 

UNICEF’s ‘Life Skills Learning and Teaching: Principles, concepts and standards’, for instance, states that “alongside literacy and numeracy, life skills are essential learning outcomes of quality education. (United Nations Children’s Fund, Life Skills Learning and Teaching: Principles, concepts and standards, UNICEF, 2010)

Role of a Teacher

Only a wise and a skilled educator can provide real life skills learning experience to a learner otherwise an individual even learns something from a rikshapular, a beggar or a layman!

We should sensitize our learners to identify importance of life skills. We develop life skills by providing proper training. We encourage 4G learners to explore and investigate the fact, analyze situations critically and present themselves in a creative manner supported by human values. Learners’ expertise in different life skills help them to become an integrated human being.

 

We cannot assume that individual learns each and everything which is delivered in the classroom/taught outside the classroom. The best method is to provide continuous training for better learning. Educator provides a homely learning environment for his learners. He ensures better involvement in the learning. Teacher initiates joyful and comfortable learning culture for developing different life skills i.e. self awareness, problem solving, decision making, creative thinking critical thinking and other essential life skills.  Lets us consider some of the points while developing different life skills among learners!

Encourage discussion and cross questioning in the groups

Two ways communication helps students to participate in learning. It ensures active learning. When a teacher asks a question to his students, students reflect on the relevant answer and participate in learning. Teacher modifies, correct and guide students on the spot. Students share their views, ideas and concept with their peers comfortably. It boosts up students’ confidence.

Focus more on process than product

Educator should focus on product. Positive learning outcomes have a life long experience. Teacher facilitates students to develop a positive attitude towards life circumstance.

Life Skills: – Activities for students

 Life skills involve dynamic teaching –learning process. Educator uses following teaching techniques to inculcate life skills among students.

  • Role play
  • Brainstorming
  • Games
  • Pair work
  • Group work
  • Open discussion /Debates

Field work is one of the best teaching techniques. Filed work is an opportunity for learner to involve directly, and investigate the fact in real life situations. Students directly connect themselves with different types of people. They collect data. They conduct interview and have first hand life experience. Students design questions for fulfilling study and ask questions to elder member in family.

Social work is second great opportunity for learners to learn essential life skill. It integrates different life skills i.e. decision making, interpersonal, intrapersonal, creative thinking, critical thinking etc. Students develop effective communication skill during performing several tasks in the field.

Teacher helps students to feel real life learning experience. Teacher organizes tours for their students i.e. visiting different places, hospitals, labs, factory, bank or required places related to topics.

Teacher helps students to prepare a set of questions. They form different group of students. A group of students meet famous person of the society. They conduct one to one session with them. Experience people share their story of struggle with students. Students learn so many life skills during this active session with good people (from different walk) of local area. Students learn different techniques to manage their emotion and passion to achieve something great in life. Students learn how to overcome from struggle having proper communication with experienced and expert people of different field. We would like to quote statement of Mr. C. William Pollard, Chairman, Fairwyn Investment Company, “Information is a source of learning. But unless it is organized, processed, and available to the right people in a format for decision making, it is a burden, not a benefit”.

Wise educator develops various ways, means and method for developing different life skills among students. Educator, society and student can create triangle of learning. Everyone has to learn, relearn and always try to learn. We need to train ourselves & discover ourselves for the betterment of learning. We will analyze and learn through great statements.  First, “The purpose of education is to replace an empty mind with an open one”.  Malcolm Forbes

Hope for the best! Surely active participation of educator, parent, student and society will ensure learning of “Life Skills”.

Wait ! We will altogether discuss next time “Life Skills” in detail.

 Rajeev Ranjan

Indian Educationist

References

World Health Organization, Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion, <www.who.int/hpr/NPH/docs/ottawa_charter_hp.pdf>, WHO, 1986.

14 World Health Organizations, Life Skills Education in Schools, WHO Programme on Mental Health, WHO, 1997.

National Curriculum Framework( NCF,2005)

Bond ( Tim ) , 1986 , Games for Social and Life Skills , Hutchinson Co Ltd,

Teach 21 http://wvde.state.wv.us/teach21/

http://www.unicef.org/lifeskills/index_resources.html

Heckman J and T Kautz. 2012. “Hard Evidence on Soft Skills.” NBER Working Paper 18121.

www.rajeevranjan.net

http://www2.ed.gov/offices/OVAE/AdultEd/OCE/LifeSkills/intro.html