Best Teaching Techniques for teaching weak students
Best Teaching Techniques for teaching weak students
Use of Technology- Benefits of Using Appropriate Teaching Materials in the Classroom
Technology is necessity of 21st century people. Our life is incomplete without technology. Technology helps us to grow physically, mentally and socially. Technology helps us to connect with each other. We are virtually attached with each other. We sense a real emotional bonding with each other. Widely availability of Desktop and Laptop in last decades ensured that technology is for everyone. Common people were excited to learn “how to operate it and how to use it”. Gradual development of Smart phone makes the task easy. Now people use Smartphone smartly. Of course, it is difficult to keep ourselves away from Smart phone even for short time. We feel a sense of incompleteness without Smartphone. Child starts feeling the importance of technology in life.
Integration of technology in the classroom for teaching learning process is essential and effective. Technology becomes integral part of education system. Wise teacher uses technology to ensure proper learning in the classroom. Teacher feels comfortable with technology. Student finds technology very useful for developing better understanding of different subject. Technological tools ensure effective teaching learning in the classroom.
Search engines give best result in fractions of second. Teachers as well as students face great difficulty in choosing appropriate content for the concerned topic. What can be the best ideas for selecting appropriate content for rational learning? What should be crucial factors for choosing right content? How can someone ensure the best learning outcome with the help of technology in the classroom?
People from all over world are uploading numerous teaching learning materials in various form i.e. Pdf, Word doc, images, videos and power point presentation through various platforms i.e. Slide share, YouTube etc. Without making familiar with the teaching materials before discussing/displaying and distributing can be the biggest chaos in the classroom. We should be active, alert and sensible when we decide the content for teaching and learning process.
Students’ learning need
Learners are at the center in our teaching learning process. A wise teacher considers students’ learning need before using technology in the classroom. If we decided to use technology in the classroom, we should consider “What is our students’ need? When we consider our students need, we consider on various factors which really hamper the students’ learning in the classroom. Use of appropriate teaching online/offline/printed/softcopy etc increases students’ engagement and motivation; moreover it speed up learning experience in the classroom.
Difficulty level of content/topic/text’s concept
Learning is a complex phenomenon. Technology supports our educational systems to enhance students’ learning experience through various technological tools. A well designed curriculum and syllabus cater the need of a nation. A well developed syllabus caters individual need in correspondence with culture. A wise teacher decides the difficulty level of content/topic/ text concept. S/he finds out materials through various available sources which fulfils the current need of students.
Students’ previous knowledge of content/topic/text
What is use of using technology in the classroom if we fail to evaluate our students’ previous knowledge of current teaching topic? Considering previous knowledge of our students help a teacher to decide appropriate teaching materials from where students can co-relate their existing knowledge with current teaching topic, from where they can proceed to the next level of learning.
Appropriate to students’ understanding level
A classroom consists of different types of learners’ i.e. slow learner, gifted learner and average learners. Their understanding level differs for various reasons. When we select supporting resource materials for the learners in the classroom, our resource materials should be able to fulfil mix groups of learners. A wise teacher considers his students’ level of understanding before using any technological tools and web materials in a classroom. Our main purpose to use technology in the classroom fulfill only when we cater the understanding level of each and everyone i.e. an English language teacher does intensive research before using appropriate teaching resource before entering in the classroom.
Appropriate to local learning environment (Social/Economical/National)
Every state and nation has its own cultures. A video on learning grammatical items on You Tube may be best suitable to America, Britain but may not be appropriate to China. Wise teacher uses appropriate resource materials for in a technology enabled classroom to maximize students’ learning experiences. A story from America may not be suitable to Indian students due to various reasons i.e. Name, surroundings, cultural background and language competency. A wise teacher customizes resources materials in a technology enabled classroom.
Appropriate language according to students’ level
Language is essential vehicle to learn new things. Age appropriate, understanding level appropriate and cultural appropriate language can enhance learning experiences in the classroom. What is use of using a Received Pronunciation (RP) and International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) enabled video in an Indian government school located in a remote area? Students uses mother tongue in the classroom. What is use of using printed materials consist of high standard words and sentences in a technological enable classroom? Our main objective to use technology in the classroom is to enhance students’ learning. Wise teacher assesses the appropriateness of resource materials language before using in the classroom.
Decide the content and practice well presenting before student
Choosing appropriate content and practice well before entering in the classroom establishes a teacher as fine person. Students take it positively. It helps teacher to manage the classroom systematically. What to do before entering in the classroom for using technology for maximizing learning and developing depth understanding of a particular teaching topic? Wise teacher selects appropriate different teaching resources for the classroom. S/he studies in depth. Teacher watches video in advance if s/he shows a video from You Tube and any other downloaded video. S/he prepares her classroom strategies i.e. how to use materials, when she will engage students, when she will ask questions, when she will conduct the assessment test etc to avoid confusing moment in the classroom. It is observed several times that a teacher has planned to show a power point presentation in the classroom but due to some technical reasons, he could not show it to the students, so it is better to keep materials in printed form if it is possible.
Right preparation and proper planning maximize learning in the classroom. Teacher develops a better understanding for difficult topics with the help of technology in the classroom. Students always enjoy a wise subject teacher class. So what ! Are you a wise teacher? Aren’t ——————–
Writing skill lesson plan-teaching paragraph writing through jokes
Storytelling to teach language in classroom – Importance and Benefits
Wise English language teacher plans interactive and communicative lesson plan for maximize language learning in the classroom. Teacher uses story to teach the language skills as well as other language components. A story can be used for teaching different language skills and the teacher exploits the lesson with its full length. English language teacher keeps precise and lucid learning objectives. S/he always develops tasks very systematically. S/he designs task from easy to complex. Teacher considers learners’ age, their social background and cultural background, their previous language learning experience and relating their world knowledge to the text. It sustains learner’s interest throughout the class. Teacher uses authentic story to bring the real world in the classroom and the language level of this story is appropriate for this stage.
Teacher uses teaching aids keeping in mind about different kind of the learner, like visual, auditory and kinesthetic. A classroom consists of different types of learner and a good teacher takes into account of all these important factors in mind while making lesson plan for teaching language in the classroom. Teacher uses wonderful techniques for teaching integrated skills, through listening skills vis a vis reading, writing and speaking skills and extends it for teaching language forms and functions , from controlled tasks to free production of language . Teacher uses peer-interaction techniques It provides chance to correct themselves and to get involved in teaching and learning process, making learners more cooperative and free from teacher’s surveillance. A teacher should guide his students instead of criticizing for their mistakes.
Benefits of using story in a language classroom
Ø It provides natural context for language exploration.
Ø Through stories so many language items can be presented.
Ø Stories have universal appeal.
Ø It fascinates and sustains the interest of the learners in a language classroom.
Ø Positive learning attitudes can be developed through story telling among learners for learning second/foreign language.
Ø It develops creative thinking in the learners. Children love fantasy and stories provide so much fantasy which makes a bridge between their own imaginative world and their real worlds.
Ø Stories stimulate students’ imagination in which they share their ideas in their own language.
Ø Language skills can be developed through stories.
Ø We can teach grammar indirectly by using stories in the classroom.
Ø It develops listening skill as well as concentration skill because children love listen stories very carefully. Children are mischievous, can distract very easily but stories helps to develop their concentration level.
Ø Children acquire unconsciously certain language items e.g. use of words in certain context, guessing the meaning of the words through context in the story, some sentence patterns, some grammatical items etc.
Ø It provides opportunities for the learners to know about the different cultures, manners, customs etc.
Ø Stories provide connection to learners to their own worldly knowledge with their learning of the English language.
Apart from these advantages of teaching stories in a language classroom, a teacher can use stories for different purposes like group discussion by choosing key word and phrases from the stories, developing dialogue of two characters, giving 3-4 similar title and asking which title do `you find the best for a particular stories etc. Child learns language in a learners’ friendly environment. Story helps the teacher to fill the gap between teacher and students. It develops a kind of intimacy with learners. Learners feel connected with the teacher and the teaching topics.
Nobody is inferior and nobody is superior, one is just oneself. Educator identifies inherent capacity of students. He nurtures the inherent talent to become more efficient and more skilled; to do something more innovative, more expressive, more novel for the welfare of the universe. A classroom consists of mix group of learners i.e. academically good, average and below average in academic performance. A classroom consists of different types of learners i.e. visual, auditory, aesthetic so on and so forth. Educator nurtures everyone in the class. He tries to include something more to enhance the learning aptitude and attitude of the students, however to teach academically brilliant/good students of the class demands a little more effort from an educator.
Life Skill Teaching Techniques for Teacher
Life skills develop right attitudes to think smartly, act smartly and to live consciously. Life skills enhance strength of a person to survive in 21st century fast growing virtual world.
Life skills are the personal, interpersonal and cognitive psychosocial skills that enable people to interact appropriately manage their own emotional states and make decisions and choices for an active, safe and productive life.
The United Nationals Children’ Fund (UNICEF) focuses on developing a child as an integrated human being. “Life skills education is an important vehicle to equip young people to negotiate and mediate challenges and risks in their lives, and to enable productive participation in society. (UNICEF)
Life skills “may be defined as abilities for adaptive and positive behaviour that enable individuals to deal effectively with the demands and challenges of everyday life. (WHO)
As the WHO states: “Skills that can be said to be life skills are innumerable, and the nature and definition of life skills are likely to differ across cultures and settings.”
Life skills are acquired when we provide a platform or an opportunity for them to learn and practice. Individual learns life skills through awareness, alertness and by providing him required training i.e “it may happen”/right techniques to tackle”
UNICEF’s ‘Life Skills Learning and Teaching: Principles, concepts and standards’, for instance, states that “alongside literacy and numeracy, life skills are essential learning outcomes of quality education. (United Nations Children’s Fund, Life Skills Learning and Teaching: Principles, concepts and standards, UNICEF, 2010)
Role of a Teacher
Only a wise and a skilled educator can provide real life skills learning experience to a learner otherwise an individual even learns something from a rikshapular, a beggar or a layman!
We should sensitize our learners to identify importance of life skills. We develop life skills by providing proper training. We encourage 4G learners to explore and investigate the fact, analyze situations critically and present themselves in a creative manner supported by human values. Learners’ expertise in different life skills help them to become an integrated human being.
We cannot assume that individual learns each and everything which is delivered in the classroom/taught outside the classroom. The best method is to provide continuous training for better learning. Educator provides a homely learning environment for his learners. He ensures better involvement in the learning. Teacher initiates joyful and comfortable learning culture for developing different life skills i.e. self awareness, problem solving, decision making, creative thinking critical thinking and other essential life skills. Lets us consider some of the points while developing different life skills among learners!
Encourage discussion and cross questioning in the groups
Two ways communication helps students to participate in learning. It ensures active learning. When a teacher asks a question to his students, students reflect on the relevant answer and participate in learning. Teacher modifies, correct and guide students on the spot. Students share their views, ideas and concept with their peers comfortably. It boosts up students’ confidence.
Focus more on process than product
Educator should focus on product. Positive learning outcomes have a life long experience. Teacher facilitates students to develop a positive attitude towards life circumstance.
Life Skills: – Activities for students
Life skills involve dynamic teaching –learning process. Educator uses following teaching techniques to inculcate life skills among students.
Field work is one of the best teaching techniques. Filed work is an opportunity for learner to involve directly, and investigate the fact in real life situations. Students directly connect themselves with different types of people. They collect data. They conduct interview and have first hand life experience. Students design questions for fulfilling study and ask questions to elder member in family.
Social work is second great opportunity for learners to learn essential life skill. It integrates different life skills i.e. decision making, interpersonal, intrapersonal, creative thinking, critical thinking etc. Students develop effective communication skill during performing several tasks in the field.
Teacher helps students to feel real life learning experience. Teacher organizes tours for their students i.e. visiting different places, hospitals, labs, factory, bank or required places related to topics.
Teacher helps students to prepare a set of questions. They form different group of students. A group of students meet famous person of the society. They conduct one to one session with them. Experience people share their story of struggle with students. Students learn so many life skills during this active session with good people (from different walk) of local area. Students learn different techniques to manage their emotion and passion to achieve something great in life. Students learn how to overcome from struggle having proper communication with experienced and expert people of different field. We would like to quote statement of Mr. C. William Pollard, Chairman, Fairwyn Investment Company, “Information is a source of learning. But unless it is organized, processed, and available to the right people in a format for decision making, it is a burden, not a benefit”.
Wise educator develops various ways, means and method for developing different life skills among students. Educator, society and student can create triangle of learning. Everyone has to learn, relearn and always try to learn. We need to train ourselves & discover ourselves for the betterment of learning. We will analyze and learn through great statements. First, “The purpose of education is to replace an empty mind with an open one”. Malcolm Forbes
Hope for the best! Surely active participation of educator, parent, student and society will ensure learning of “Life Skills”.
Wait ! We will altogether discuss next time “Life Skills” in detail.
World Health Organization, Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion, <www.who.int/hpr/NPH/docs/ottawa_charter_hp.pdf>, WHO, 1986.
14 World Health Organizations, Life Skills Education in Schools, WHO Programme on Mental Health, WHO, 1997.
National Curriculum Framework( NCF,2005)
Bond ( Tim ) , 1986 , Games for Social and Life Skills , Hutchinson Co Ltd,
Heckman J and T Kautz. 2012. “Hard Evidence on Soft Skills.” NBER Working Paper 18121.