National Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) Policy
NATIONAL EARLY CHILDHOOD
CARE AND EDUCATION (ECCE)
Birth to 6 Years
Extract and Summary of ‘Foundation of Early Care and Learning’ (Section–I)
Learning is an active, interactive and life long process. A wise educator respect children’s unique social, linguistic, cultural background and diversity. Children differ in their strengths and capabilities. A wise educator promotes child’s individual strengths. In fact, the first six years of life are the critical years of human life since the rate of development in these years is more rapid than at any other stage of development. (ECCE, Introduction)
Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) encompass the inseparable elements of care, health, nutrition, play and early learning within a protective and enabling environment. (P 5)
Vision for an Indian Child
The National ECCE Policy visualizes nurturance and promotion of holistic development and active learning capacity of all children below 6 years of age by promoting free, universal, inclusive, equitable, joyful and contextualized opportunities for laying foundation and attaining full potential. (P 6) Early childhood care and education programmes should be based on an understanding of the patterns of development and learning that define the essential nature of childhood. (P 10) (ECCE) curriculum framework views children as happy, healthy and confident; each child with unique identity, grounded in their individual strengths and capacities; and with respect for their unique social, linguistic, and cultural heritage and diversity.
Purpose of this framework:-
- To promote quality and excellence in early childhood care and education by providing guidelines for child care and early educational practices
- To support to early years professionals, service providers, ECCE teachers/caregivers, communities and state governments in providing rich early stimulation and learning experiences for children from birth to pre- primary years (P 4)
- To facilitate optimum development of the child’s full potential and lay the foundation for all round development and lifelong learning (P 10)
|Our young children strive to be:
• Happy and healthy
• Sensitive to diversity
• Life-long learner (P6)
|Broad objectives of the Early Childhood Care and Education programme are to:
• Ensure each child is valued, respected, feels safe and secure and develops a positive self
• Enable a sound foundation for physical and motor development of each child- as per each
• Imbibe good nutrition routines, health habits, hygiene practices and self help skills
• Enable children for effective communication and foster both receptive and expressive
• Promote development and integration of the senses
• Stimulate intellectual curiosity and develop conceptual understanding of the world around by
providing opportunities to explore, investigate and experiment
• Enhance development of pro-social skills, social competence and emotional well being
• Develop sense of aesthetic appreciation and stimulate creative learning processes.
• Imbibe culturally and developmentally appropriate behaviour and core human values of respect and love for fellow human beings.
• Enable a smooth transition from home to ECCE centre to formal schooling
• Enhance scope for overall personality development
National Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) Policy (P 10)
Language Concern at the Early Childhood Care and Education programme
Language plays an important role in communication, exchange of information, development of reading skills, reading with comprehension, and, in later years, academic success. (P 14)
The medium of interaction in the ECCE centre should be home language or mother tongue. It is important to encourage different languages for expression by children in the ECCE centres. Children should be encouraged to be proficient in their mother tongue/ home language first and then the formal school language (regional language or English) should be introduced. However teaching through child’s mother tongue/ home language, is internationally recognised as the most appropriate way of working with children in the early years of concept formation. However, it is crucial that when the school language (which may be regional language or English) is introduced, the ECCE teachers/ caregivers must continue to convey a positive attitude about children’s first language (mother tongue/ home language).
Points to be remembered:-
- Children learn well in mother tongue or home language
- Provide exposure to school language (regional/English)
- Aware school community to importance of language in child learning
Should a teacher use mother tongue /home language or English in the classroom for better learning? (P 15)
Language should be learnt by processes in the following order: ‘Listen–speak–read–write.’
In early years focus should on listening and speaking as the major activities in the classroom.
Teacher should learn and use some words of children home language.
Teacher should encourage children to express in their own language.
Developing a better understanding is more important than use of language in a multilingual classroom.
How will a teacher fulfill the challenges of different kinds of learners (multiage grouping) in the classroom? (P 17)
ECCE teachers and caregivers would use the concept of ‘differentiation’ to meet the varying needs of their learners. An ECCE Teacher / Caregiver may approach differentiation by (1) content—what the child needs to learn or how the child will get access to the information; (2) process—activities in which the child engages in order to make sense of or master the content; (3) products—culminating projects that enable the child to rehearse, apply, and extend what he or she has learned in a topic; and (4) learning environment—the way the classroom/ ECCE centre works and feels. Research also indicates that the development of brain is influenced not only by health, nutrition and quality of care but also the quality of psycho-social environment the child is exposed to in these early years.
National Early Childhood Care and Education (Ecce) Curriculum Framework
(Ministry Of Women and Child Development)