CBE is designed to be learner-centered, providing students with personalized and flexible learning opportunities. Instead of following a rigid, one-size-fits-all curriculum, students’ progress through their education based on their demonstrated mastery of predetermined competencies. These competencies are clearly defined and measurable learning outcomes that describe the specific knowledge, skills, and abilities students are expected to acquire. In Competency Based Education, the primary goal is to ensure that students acquire the necessary knowledge, skills, and abilities to succeed in their chosen field or profession.

Competency Based Education
Eight Core Issues in Implementing Competency Based Education at School Level

Eight Core Issues in Implementing Competency Based Education at School Level

Competency Definition and Alignment:

One of the critical challenges in CBE is defining competencies accurately and positioning them with industry standards and workforce needs. It requires collaboration with subject matter experts and employers to ensure that the identified competencies are relevant and up-to-date.

Assessment Design and Standardization:

We believe that developing effective and reliable assessments to measure student mastery of competencies can be complex. It is understandable that designing assessments which accurately reflect real-world applications of knowledge and skills is crucial. Indeed, standardizing assessment methods and criteria across different instructors and courses is also important to ensure consistency and fairness.

Personalized Learning Paths:

Educator found that tailoring learning paths for individual students can be challenging, especially in larger classes or institutions. We need to find ways to provide personalized guidance and support while managing diverse learning needs and ensuring all students progress appropriately. While considering about CBE we think that balancing individualization with overall curriculum coherence is another consideration.

Student Engagement and Motivation:

CBE requires students to take more ownership of their learning, however, some students may struggle with self-direction and motivation, especially when faced with increased responsibility and flexibility. Teachers need strategies to keep students engaged and motivated throughout their learning journeys.

Teacher Training and Support:

Transitioning to CBE often requires significant changes in instructional practices. Teachers need training and professional development to understand the principles of CBE, develop competency-based assessments, and effectively support students’ individualized learning. Educational leadership should understand that ongoing support and collaboration with colleagues are essential to address challenges and share best practices.

Technology Integration:

Technology plays a vital role in supporting CBE by providing personalized learning platforms, assessment tools, and data management systems, however, ensuring reasonable access to technology and addressing technical challenges can be issues that need to be addressed for successful implementation.

Credentialing and Transcripts:

Everyone will agree that traditional grading systems may not go well with the mastery-based approach of CBE. When we think about CBE, we believe that establishing systems for documenting and recognizing students’ competencies, such as issuing competency-based transcripts or alternative credentials, can be a challenge. These systems need to be widely accepted and easily understood by employers, higher education institutions, and other stakeholders.

Scaling and Sustainability:

We believe that implementing CBE on a larger scale, such as at the system level, requires careful planning and resource allocation. Educational leadership should provide adequate support, professional development, and ongoing evaluation that are necessary to ensure the sustainability and scalability of CBE initiatives.

Eight Core Issues in Implementing Competency Based Education at School Level

Grow Together Glow Together


Rajeev Ranjan

School Education

“Let knowledge grow from more to more.”

Alfred Tennyson, “In Memoriam”, Prologue, line 25

Resources and Learning Resources Web-links