Art and Craft at Foundational Stage
Children enjoy playing with colours and creating something that is of interest to them. Art and craft provide another medium for children to express their ideas, emotions, and feelings.National Curriculum Framework for Foundational Stage-2022
Drawing could involve the use of paper and crayons, sketch pens, coloured or black pencils or charcoal. Children can also draw on slates, blackboards, or floors. The advantage of blackboards and the floor is that it provides lot of space to children to create large drawings.
Paper too can be of different sizes, shapes, and colour. Instead of a white paper and crayons of different colours, if children are given black paper and yellow or white crayons, the images that emerge are different and unique. Young children who learn to hold crayons for the first time begin to scribble and gradually move to drawing random shapes, and finally they are able to draw specific shapes and designs.
Drawing is a valuable activity for expression as well as fine motor coordination.
Painting is exploring the use of wet colour on paper, floor, or fabric. Children can use brushes that are available in the market, or the Teacher can make brushes with sticks and fabric or cotton. Variations with wet paint are thumb printing, palm printing, printing with vegetable waste, printing with other materials like bottle
caps, blocks, vegetables (e.g., potato or lady finger). Children also enjoy thread printing, finger printing, as well as finger painting.
Pasting involves use of glue and things than can
be stuck on paper or fabric. The Teacher or
children can draw a shape on which children
paste matchsticks or coloured paper or it can
be a free pasting activity. Different materials
like sand, pencil shavings, saw dust, dry mud,
coloured, or newspaper print paper can also be
pasted on paper. A collage using different
materials can also be created. Readily available
glue as well as glue made by the Teacher can be
used for the same.
Potter’s clay or wet mud with a little glue added
to it can be used for clay moulding. Dough
made by the Teacher, with or without food
colours added to it, can be provided. Play
dough is also available in the market. Children
should be encouraged to explore this medium
and create different shapes and objects. As an
extension of the activity, the clay objects
created by children can be dried and painted on
a later day.
- Children can begin by tearing paper of different sizes and thickness and then move on to cutting with scissors. Blunt scissors can be provided to 4+ and 5+-year-old children to snip at paper, and later on cut shapes and make designs. The cut and torn pieces can be used for pasting activities.
- Children can be taught the skills of folding paper, pressing it to create fine paper fold models. They can begin by folding paper in half and later on a variety of folds can be taught. This promotes fine motor coordination and creativity.
- Children can use empty cardboard boxes, sand, mud, and their cutting and pasting skills to construct new things e.g., vehicles, animals, buildings.