Planning a Lesson- English Language Teaching-Developing-Reading Skill with Special Objective to Focus on Grammar and Writing Skill
Educator prepares lesson plan according to nature of teaching topic, nature of students and nature of students’ learning. Sometimes, we plan a lesson for one period, sometimes we plan a lesson for special purpose, and sometimes we plan our lesson as Integrated Lesson Plan, where we focus on particular topic/concept. Educator decides accordingly. We will discuss different lesson plan format and some of sample lesson plan from different subject teachers. They think that they write the best lesson plan, however I think that there is always space, and opportunity for improvement. We are educator. Educator may feel free/ open to accept or reject, partially accept or partially reject this lesson format/sample. Wise educator will draw the best from these lesson plan samples/improve it according to need. Let us add some valuable points and modify/customize according to need:-
Subject: English Topic: Reading Skill
Lesson Name: Lost Spring Time: 35-40 Minutes
Class: Intermediate Level Date: ———————
- To enable the pupil to have global and local comprehension of the text
- To help the students to understand the text and interpret the text in their own language
- To introduce new words from chapters
- To teach grammar items (Tense)/ to make pupils notice tense form and understand the context of its use
- To develop writing skill ( writing a Paragraph)
Outcome: Students will be able to comprehend the text and at the end of the lesson/ they will be able to use English as well as write correct English
- Singing a song (Jay Ho) from the film Slumdog Millionaire and relate this song to the story the Lost Spring or
- Teacher can use MIME/ Mimicry to motivate the learners/create interest among the learners
- Teacher can share an anecdote from real life about a person who becomes a very rich man by overcoming so many difficulties in his/her life or teacher will ask students to share similar story if they know
- After writing the title (Lost Spring) on the blackboard, students will guess what can be the story? Or
- Teacher will write “Food is more important for survival than an identity” ( Group Work) ( Speaking Activity) or
- Teacher will ask students to do role play of street children, rag pickers, vegetable sellers
- Teacher will ask students to read silently 2 paragraph of the story within a certain time ( 5-7 Minute).
- Teacher will ask 2-3 students to speak about the text.
- Teacher will explain the text by putting question before the students ( Elicitation Technique)
- Teacher will present difficult words on the blackboard and explain its meaning with the help of students i.e. scrounging- to take sth without asking permission, mutters- to speak sth in a low voice, glibly- spoken in a smooth clever way but not seeming sincere and honest
- Teacher will introduce pronunciation of some word and make them practice
- Teacher will ask students to once again go through the text and identify the different tense used in the text i.e- why do you do this?, I ask sahib. Sahib left his home long away. I like the game.
Sample of questions
- Who is sahib?
- What does he ask to the sahib?
- Do rag pickers pick gold from garbage?
- What is the meaning of “mutter”? Can you tell me antonyms/synonyms? What is it? A noun/pronoun / verb/adverb
Helping weak/reluctant learners:
Teacher will support them.
Teacher will encourage them to share his views in the class?
- Teacher will once again summarise the lesson of the day by giving main points of the story. Or
- Teacher can ask factual questions i.e. main event, day, date, name of the characters to encourage students
- True /false question
- Multiple questions
- Fill in the blank
- Teacher can ask students to frame questions of their own choice. In fact if pupils are able to frame a few questions, it means they also know the answer of their own questions.
- Summarising can be done by students
Home Learning: Teacher will ask students to write a paragraph about “Food is more important for survival than an identity”
Real Life Learning: Make students aware about societal problems, their real cause and effect
Teaching Aids: Power Point Presentation, Pictures, Drawings
Teaching Techniques: interactive, Elicitation, Group Work, Role Play
A teacher can create a number of activities to teach a Reading lesson. It depends on teachers’ expertise as well as the objectives of teaching. Different activities can be organised i.e. brainstorming, role play, mime, group work, pair work, changing prose into dialogue writing between two character, telephonic conversation etc according to pupils’ age and styles of learning.
Sample of teaching Word power at random in a language class
Teacher can teach vocabulary in a context with the help of students according to their age, considering different learning style, by using elicitation techniques ————–if needs
It can be
- Meaning of the word
- Family of the word
- Forming meaningful sentence
- Grammar of the word
- Origin of the word
Suppose a word “inspection” appears in the text, at least 10-15 words can be taught by using this single word like
- Identify the key word/part of this word
- Spect- to see