Special Features “Approach to Assessment” NCF-2023-
Assessment has two purpose – measuring achievement of student learning and gauging effectiveness of classroom processes and teaching materials in teaching and learning.In the everyday of the classroom, assessment refers to any process of gathering information about student learning that can be interpreted, analysed, and used by the Teacher (mainly) for guiding the teaching-learning process, aggregating student learning at relevant junctures and in reporting student progress over time.Educational assessment, thus, plays a critical role in improving teaching and learning.Assessment is also used for certifying student learning and education completion at key stages (e.g., Grade 10, Grade 12).
Assessment of Learning; Assessment for Learning; Assessment as Learning
Assessment of learning refers to. the measurement of achievement of student learning.
Assessment for learning refers to evidence of student learning gathered by the teacher that provides inputs to guide the teaching-learning processes. Assessment, when designed meaningfully, can be used as a powerful tool that contributes to and supports better student learning and teaching practices. Teachers who have a good sense of where students in class do well and where they struggle, can thus take more informed decisions about their pedagogical practices.
Recent studies have shown that students can play an active role in taking charge of their own learning. When assessments are introduced as non-threatening tools for self-reflection and introspection, they become developmental and constructive in nature. This is referred to as assessments as learning. In school education, one needs to look at all three approaches to assessments mentioned above – assessment of learning, for learning and as learning.
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