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Social Science Exam Preparation Tips Tricks and Strategies for Getting Good Marks in Board Exam

Broadly, Social Science syllabus can be divided into 7 parts. When we analyze a chapter of Social Science, we find that a chapter consists of 7 main categories i.e

Wise students read lesson intensively and develop a deep level of understanding in Social Science subjects “History, Geography, Political Science and Economics”. Getting high score in board examination heavily depends on comprehensive knowledge of different historical, social, political and economic key points and issues along with learning ability of “different terms, concept, days , dates and data, facts, figure writers, explorer, thinkers, books and crucial core issues of past, current and major challenges in near future.

How to develop a comprehensive knowledge in Social Science t? How can we score high marks in Social Science? What are the tips, tricks and strategies for getting good marks in social Science?

“Important Terms and Concepts”

“Important Terms and Concepts”   Subject Wise
Nationalism, Despotism, Ethnicity, Peace settlement, Domino effect, Rowlatt Act etc, History
Sustainable Development, Green Revolution, Geo-thermal energy, Golden Quadrilateral Geography
Power sharing, Legislative, Linguistic state, Family Laws, Mobilization, Social Movement Political Science
Primary sector, Literacy rate, Underemployment, Demand deposits, Globalization, Per capita income Economics

Tips to Score High Marks in This Section

This section is very easy for students. Students learn important terms and key concepts word to word. Generally, important terms and key concepts consist of 1 word to 30 words, therefore it is very easy to learn and reproduce. Each student has own technique to remember something for a long time, however there are two well tried techniques help students to remember important key terms and concepts for a long time.

1st – Repetition – learning key terms and key concepts so many times and reproducing those points either in terms of re-writing or verbally representation so many times

2nd – Revision – revising key terms and key concept frequently over a period of time (7days/10 days/15 days/30 days

Wise students present important terms and key concepts word to word as it is mentioned in the text book. There is less space and opportunity for students to deviate from the prescribed statement.

“Important Days & Dates/Periods,”

“Important Facts/Figures/Revolutionary Figures/Writers/Explorers/Thinkers/Books”

“Definitions and Descriptions of an Event and Its Impact on Society, Nation and at World Level, “Characteristics of an historical, cultural and economic event/incident/decision”,

“Classification & Differences between two events/incidents/social issues/issues related to different systems”,

“Classification & Differences Subject Wise
 Difference between ‘Nationalism and Romanticism/Liberalism and Conservatism/Non-cooperation Movement and Civil Disobedience Movement History
Difference between ‘Conventional and Non- Conventional Energy’/‘Agro-based industries and Mineral- based industries Geography
Difference between ‘ Coming Together and Holding Together Federation, One Party System and Multiparty System, Democracy and Dictatorship/ Political Science
Difference between ‘ developed countries and developing countries, organized sector and un-organized sector, investment and foreign investment / Do you think the classification of economic activities into primary, secondary, and tertiary is useful? Explain how. Economics

Tips to Score high Marks in this section:-

  1. Be precise
  2. Write points wise according to questions (words limits/limit points) and marks allotted for a specific question
  3. Include and integrate related key words/key terms in your point
  4. Give appropriate examples if it requires to include( Condition)
  5.  Do not repeat same points several-times
  6. Remember the theory of ‘demand and supply’

Rajeev Ranjan

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How to score good marks in Social Science/Exam Preparation Tips and Tricks for Student

Exam Preparation Tips and Tricks for Student 

NCERT developed an integrated curriculum for class IX & X. Social Science syllabus appears quite lengthy for most of the students; however it is not lengthy but a comprehensive syllabus. Students score very high marks in CBSE board examination. Wise students complete CBSE prescribed syllabus on time. Intensive reading, better comprehension and better expression are keys for getting the highest score in Social Science.

How to score good marks in Social Science

Let first understand the objective of Social Science Curriculum for class IX & X 

The main objective of Social Science Curriculum is to

  1. Develop an understanding of the process of change and latest development
  2. View different life perspectives in a wider context of time , space and place
  3. Develop a comprehensive understanding of Indian and World Cultural, Historical, Economical and Societal development over a period of time (from ancient, medieval and modern time)
  4. Develop a comprehensive understanding of its surrounding systems i.e. Function of Government, Elections, etc

A better understanding of question paper pattern and nature of questions lead to get high score in board exam.  Social Science question paper consist four types of questions for evaluating different level of understanding.  Social Science Question Paper has 27 questions in all. 

  1. Questions from serial number 1 to7 are very short answer type questions. Each question carries one mark. (1x 7=7)
  2. Questions from serial number 8 to18 are 3 marks questions. ( words limit -80) (11x 3=33)
  3. Questions from serial number 19 to 25 are 5 marks questions. ( words limit -100) (7x 5=35)
  4. Question numbers 26 & 27 are map questions from History with 1 mark each. Question number 28 is map question of 3 marks from Geography. (2x 1=2)
  5. For Q. Nos. 26, 27 and 28 (map based questions) one outline political map of India is provided. (3x 1=3)
  6. Questions at Serial Number – 20, 22, 24 & 25 have Internal Choice. Students must attempt “any one option” out of the given in each of these questions.

Assessment & Evaluation Facts to Remember for Developing Better Understanding ,and  Planning for Scoring High in Board Examination

Road Map of Social Questions-Typology of Questions (Secondary School Curriculum)

  1. Remembering (Knowledge based simple recall questions, to know specific facts, terms, concepts, principles, or theories; identify, define or recite information)- {20 %}
  2. Understanding (Comprehension – to be familiar with meaning and to understand conceptually, interpret, compare, contrast, explain, paraphrase, or interpret information)-{20 %}
  3. Application (Use abstract information in concrete situation, to apply knowledge to new situations, use given content to interpret a situation, provide an example, or solve a problem) -{26 %}
  4. High Order Thinking Skills (Analysis & Synthesis – Classify, compare, contrast, or differentiate between different pieces of information, Organize and/or integrate unique pieces of information from a variety of sources) {20 %}
  5. Creating, Evaluation and Multi-Disciplinary (Generating new ideas, product or ways of viewing things, appraise, judge, and/or justify) – {8 %}
  6. Map Skill -{06 %}

Tips and Tricks for Scoring High in Social Science  

Hard work is keys to success. Scoring high in board examination solely depends on student’s understanding of different topics in his own language. Most of the key terms and concepts can be correlated to daily life circumstances. Wise students correlate textual knowledge with worldly knowledge.

Read the chapter thoroughly

Intensive reading helps students in developing a better understanding of the subjects. Contextual reading helps student to remember something for a long time, because key terms, definition, date and differentiation mentioned in the textbook with proper examples. Isolated learning of key terms and different crucial date confuse student at exam time.

Preparing own notes

Since, Social science is vast subject. Students need to develop a comprehensive understanding of complete syllabus. Wise students prepare own notes. It helps student to remember Social Science facts and figure, i.e. mind map, flow chart, pie chart, key points and key terms in simple way.

Practice board based question paper

Generally, it has been observed that students learn key terms but when it comes to solve questions mentioned it question paper. They become confuse. A better understanding of question paper helps student to right specific content for specific question. Usually, board question paper evaluates students’ skill to remember facts, figure and dates (factual understanding), comprehension skill to interpret, compare, contrast, explain, paraphrase, or interpret information, question based on application evaluates students to use appropriate content for interpret a given situation, provide an example, or solve a problem, question based on HOTS to classify, compare, contrast, or differentiate between different pieces of information in unique way, generating new ideas based on given context/ correlating given context/integrating new ideas in developing good context with appropriate examples.

Write Appropriate Answer with Relevant Key Words and Illustrations

Wise students develop own quality content in terms of writing appropriate words, relevant sentences and interpret a given situation with justifiable illustration. Learning is not enough if we could not express with suitable key words and keys points. The writing skill will develop only when student practices short questions, very long questions and HOTS question, shows his/her answer to the teachers and peers, takes real feedback, and correct his/her weak points in a next attempt. It is continuous process because (a) application based questions (b) long questions and (c) HOTS question demand appropriate precise content, fluency of ideas and accuracy of sentence.

Proper Practice of Maps

Map consists of 5 marks in paper. Proper knowledge of “Political as well as Physical Map” helps students to score high marks in Social Science. General students may or may not attempt Map questions; wise students learn properly the skill of “Location Identification and Labelling” different place, i.e.  Major countries of First World War/ Nantes, Paris/ Allied Powers – France, England, (Russia), America (History) and India-States with Capitals, Tropic of Cancer, Standard Meridian National Parks : Corbett, Kaziranga, Ranthambor, Shivpuri, Kanha, Simlipal & Manas (Geography) on Map. It is quite technical. Practice location identification and lebelling it on proper map lead towards better understanding of different locations.

Deep understanding with appropriate expression on Paper

Learning “Important Terms and Concepts”, “Important Days & Dates”, “Definitions and Descriptions of an Event and Its Impact on Society, Nation and at World Level, “Characteristics of an historical, cultural and economic event/incident/decision”, “Classification & Differences between two events/incidents/social issues/issues related to different systems in Social Science is essential needs but expressing facts, figure, data, data interpretation precisely and appropriately in another most crucial thing. Getting high score in Social Science is integration of understanding of facts and figure and expressing them appropriately.

Rajeev Ranjan

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7 Golden Rules to Keep Your Child Online Safe/Cyber Crime/ Safe Child Safe Nation


Cyber Crime- “Can Happen Anytime and Anywhere”

Protect Yourself and Your Child from Cyber Crime

Safe Child Safe Nation

21st century kids and parents happiness lie on likes, dislikes and comments they get on different social platforms. We welcome strangers in our life and unwelcome own family members. Intentionally and unintentionally people post false or misleading information, malicious content and personal information for various reasons.

Are you cautious of online strangers/friends?  “Be Doubtful”

We love to chat, discuss and share information with online strangers after exchanging a few likes and comments on our post. This sharing develops into a personal bond. We love to live in this wonderland. Is it necessary to be very informal with online strangers? Is it necessary to be very personal with online strangers? Is it necessary to believe everything we read online? How do we verify authenticity of person? We agree that we cannot keep ourselves away from netiworld.  Can be cautious in revealing personal identity or information with online friends/strangers? Is it necessary to meet them personally?

SaFe Child SaFe Nation

Intelligent parent educates child at home to become ‘netizen’ and basics of ‘digital citizen’. Wise parent helps child to become a smart citizen with Smartphone enabled with 4G speed data.  If we wish to become a wise parent, we need to reflect the self for find out the solution of this problem-

  1. Has s/he taken permission to use your mobile?
  2. Does s/he share the details of game usually he plays on your mobile?
  3. Do you notice the web portal he surfs usually?
  4. Do you notice the total time s/he spends on the mobile?  
  5. Have you shared the bad consequences of giving personal details to unknown websites?
  6. Have you shared with him ‘not to chat with unknown person at social sites?
  7. Have you asked him ‘not to make friends with unknown person at social sites?
  8. Have you shared with him ‘not to send personal and family pictures to unknown online friends at social sites?
  9. Have you shared with him ‘not to share ATM Password/ATM Pin number to unknown online friends at social sites/during downloading any apps/game?
  10. Have you shared with him ‘not to download so many apps before taking your permission’?
  11. Have you asked questions to your kids, if you find an account of your son/daughter on different social sites?
  12. Have you talked with your kids about cyber crime?
  13. Does your child know the meaning of cyber bullying cyber stalking, online sexual abuse, online sexual exploitation, online commercial fraud and child grooming?
  14. Have you ever discussed with your child that if someone tries to pressurize him online, asking for personal photographs, s/he should immediately report to you?

Smartphone is integral part of life. Our life solely depends on our Smartphone. We are most modern parents, enabled with 2GB internet data pack every day, having personal account on each and every ‘social networking sites i.e. Face book, Instagram, LinkedIn, YouTube, Google Plus, and having different apps i.e. WhatsApp, Tiktok, BeautiPlus and many more based on personal interest. Whenever our child wants, we provide our own mobile to him. It is indeed wonderful. Educating our kids for using rational use of mobile phone can save the child, the family and society from cyber crime, cyber bullying, cyber stalking, online sexual abuse, online sexual exploitation, child grooming and online commercial fraud.  Raising awareness among boys and girls on how to safely navigate the online world is great task for 21st century educated world citizen.

Useful/Wonderful/Related Article

Cybersecurity: 7 Ways to Keep Kids Safe Online https://www2.ed.gov/free/features/cybersecurity.html

Keeping Children Safe Online https://www.us-cert.gov/ncas/tips/ST05-002 

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Cyber Crimes Against Children Key Terms and Key Definitions/Online Protection Measure/Save Your Child

Cyber Crimes Against Children Key Terms and Key Definitions

Cyber Smart Citizen

School children, school teacher, principal, parents need to be educated on “How to be cyber smart”?

Why should child, parent, teacher and school principal be aware with key terms and definitions related to “Cyber Crime against Children?

Child abuse is finding new forms and channels through mobile and digital technologies. In India about 134 million children have access to mobile phones and the number is growing very fast with even faster access to internet. While this provides opportunities for accessing useful material for learning purposes, lack of digital literacy and online safety measures expose children to hazards of cyber crime. (PIB, India)–

Objective:-

Educating the children about their rights

Educating parent for safeguard their children against unwanted threat of cyber crime

Aware the child “different pros and cons” of internet

If you know something  then only you can use it

1 Child “Child” means a data principal below the age of eighteen years; http://meity.gov.in/writereaddata/files/Personal_Data_Protection_Bill,2018.pdf
2 Cyber The word ‘cyber’ is almost invariably the prefix for a term or the modifier of a compound word, rather than a stand-alone word. Its inference usually relates to electronic information (data) processing, information technology, electronic communications (data transfer) or information and computer systems. Only the complete term of the compound word (modifier+head) itself can be considered to possess actual meaning. The word cyber is generally believed to originate from the Ancient Greek verb κυβερεω (kybereo) ”to steer, to guide, to control”. Source: Finland’s Cyber Security Strategy Government Resolution 24 Jan 2013 (https://ccdcoe.org/cyber-definitions.html )
  Oxford Dictionary Relating to or characteristic of the culture of computers, information technology, and virtual reality
3 Cyber Awareness [Cyber] Awareness refers to the security awareness of all persons sharing responsibility for information security. Understanding and motivation are necessary to ensure that security rules are observed and implemented on a continuous basis. To remind employees regularly of the importance of their activities for information security, they must be supported through targeted awareness-raising measures. Source: Austrian Cyber Security Strategy (2013)    
4 Cyber Crime Cyber-crimes against children have many forms including sex-texting, online grooming, production and distribution of child harmful material, cyber bullying, etc.(UNICEF) Cybercrime, or computer-oriented crime, is the crime that involves a computer and a network. Cybercrimes can be defined as: “Offences that are committed against individuals or groups of individuals with a criminal motive to intentionally harm the reputation of the victim or cause physical or mental harm, or loss, to the victim directly or indirectly, using modern telecommunication networks such as Internet (networks including but not limited to Chat rooms, emails, notice boards and groups) and mobile phones (Bluetooth/SMS/MMS)” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cybercrime Cybercrime is defined as a crime in which a computer is the object of the crime (hacking, phishing, spamming) or is used as a tool to commit an offense (child pornography, hate crimes). Cybercriminals may use computer technology to access personal information, business trade secrets or use the internet for exploitative or malicious purposes.  https://www.techopedia.com/definition/2387/cybercrime
  Oxford Dictionary
[Cybercrime] Crime conducted via the Internet or some other computer network.
5 Cyber bullying Cyber bullying is using technology to bully or hurt someone else: Sending/sharing nasty, hurtful or abusive messages or emails Humiliating others by posting/sharing embarrassing videos or images Spreading rumours or lies online Setting up fake online profiles to hurt someone Excluding others online Repeated harassment and threatening messages (cyberstalking) https://kidshelpline.com.au/teens/issues/cyberbullying  
6 Child Pornography Any representation, by whatever means, of a child engaged in real or simulated explicit sexual activities or representation of the sexual parts of a child, the dominant characteristics of which is depiction for a sexual purpose. UNICEF-Child-Protection-Online-India-pub_doc115-1(Page 17-19)  Child pornography is a form of child sexual exploitation.—-  “Printed or visual material containing explicit description or display of sexual organs or activity intended to stimulate sexual excitement”. (The Oxford Dictionary)
7 Child sexual abuse   Forcing, luring or persuading a child by any older person, male or female, to take part in sexual activities, which may happen with or without physical contact, off-line or online. (The new Terminology Guidelines clarify that sexual abuse of children requires no element of exchange, and can occur for the mere purpose of the sexual gratification of the person committing the act. Such abuse can be committed without explicit force…The mere fact of the sexual activity taking place is sufficient to constitute abuse. Furthermore, child sexual abuse can take the form of both contact and non-contact abuse.) UNICEF-Child-Protection-Online-India-pub_doc115-1(Page 17-19)
8 Child sexual abuse material Sexually explicit representation of children. (The new Terminology Guidelines define this as material depicting acts of sexual abuse and/or focusing on the genitalia of the child.) UNICEF-Child-Protection-Online-India-pub_doc115-1(Page 17-19)
9 Child sex tourism Deliberately seeking out children for sex during travels while taking advantage of the sense of anonymity afforded by the opportunity. (Under the new Terminology Guidelines, this term should be avoided and can be replaced by the term “sexual exploitation of children in the context of travel and tourism”.) UNICEF-Child-Protection-Online-India-pub_doc115-1(Page 17-19)
10 Commercial exploitation of children A form of sexual exploitation (of children) where the focus is specifically on monetary benefit through activities like production and consumption of child sexual abuse material (“child pornography”), prostitution of children, abuse and exploitation in the travel and tourism industries (“child sex tourism”) and trafficking in children for purposes of sexual exploitation. (The new Terminology Guidelines state simply that “a distinction can … be made between ‘sexual exploitation’ and ‘commercial sexual exploitation’, with the latter being a form of sexual exploitation where the focus is specifically on monetary benefit, often relating to organized criminality where the primary driver is economic gain”. UNICEF-Child-Protection-Online-India-pub_doc115-1(Page 17-19)
11 Cyber defamation Using words or images or signals online to lower the reputation or prestige of the target. UNICEF-Child-Protection-Online-India-pub_doc115-1(Page 17-19)  
12 Cyber extremism Any measure of imposing predetermined ideology using any online or digital platform, beyond the norms of existing common social way of life. UNICEF-Child-Protection-Online-India-pub_doc115-1(Page 17-19)
13 Cyber harassment Messaging abusive or other objectionable content to the target child or creating fake profiles in social media with the intention of targeting him or her.   UNICEF-Child-Protection-Online-India-pub_doc115-1(Page 17-19)
14 Cyber intimidation Communicating direct or implied threats through emails or messages in social media to inspire fear in the target child.   UNICEF-Child-Protection-Online-India-pub_doc115-1(Page 17-19)  
15 Cyber stalking Following someone on Internet/mobile for causing inconvenience, or harassment/extortion, or for other illegal motives. UNICEF-Child-Protection-Online-India-pub_doc115-1(Page 17-19)  
16 Digital literacy The ability to use information and communication technologies to find, evaluate, create, and communicate information, requiring both cognitive and technical skills. UNICEF-Child-Protection-Online-India-pub_doc115-1(Page 17-19)  
17 Digital media Digitized content (text, graphics, audio, and video) that can be transmitted over Internet or computer networks.   UNICEF-Child-Protection-Online-India-pub_doc115-1(Page 17-19)  
18 Exposure Public display, posting or forwarding of personal and private communication, images or video of the target child.   UNICEF-Child-Protection-Online-India-pub_doc115-1(Page 17-19)  
19 Grooming Preparing a child, significant adults and the environment for sexual abuse and exploitation or ideological manipulation. (The new Terminology Guidelines define grooming as ”the process of establishing/building a relationship with a child either in person or through the use of the Internet or other digital technologies to facilitate either online or offline sexual contact with that person”.)   UNICEF-Child-Protection-Online-India-pub_doc115-1(Page 17-19)  
20 Online sexual harassment Unwelcome sexual advances, request or demand for sexual favour, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature. “Sexual harassment” refers not only to sexual conduct with the explicit intention to violate the dignity of another person (i.e. purpose) but also to conduct of a sexual nature that a person experiences as offensive or intimidating UNICEF-Child-Protection-Online-India-pub_doc115-1(Page 17-19)
21 Phishing The act of sending an email to a user falsely claiming to be an established legitimate enterprise in an attempt to scam the user into surrendering private information. The user is usually directed to a website and asked to update personal information (e.g. password, credit card, bank account numbers) that is misused for identity theft UNICEF-Child-Protection-Online-India-pub_doc115-1(Page 17-19) Phishing is the fraudulent act of acquiring private and sensitive information, such as credit card numbers, personal identification and account usernames and passwords. https://www.techopedia.com/definition/4049/phishing  
22 Prostitution of children “The use of children in sexual activities for remuneration or any other form of consideration.” The optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, Article 2(b) (The new Terminology Guidelines recommend this term should not be used, and that “exploitation of children in prostitution” should be used instead. UNICEF-Child-Protection-Online-India-pub_doc115-1(Page 17-19)  
23 Sexting Self-production and posting of intimate pictures, sexually explicit conversations, posting/sharing of intimate pictures. UNICEF-Child-Protection-Online-India-pub_doc115-1(Page 17-19) Taking, sending or receiving a sexy image of a person under 18 can be illegal in some States – even if it’s of yourself!If you or the other person is under 18 you could end up in trouble with the law as it can be considered ‘child pornography’When you send a nude photo of yourself to someone, what happens to it and where it goes next is often out of your control—– https://kidshelpline.com.au/teens/issues/sexting  
24 Social exclusion Using online platforms to message the target child that he or she is not included with the peer group and its social activities.    UNICEF-Child-Protection-Online-India-pub_doc115-1(Page 17-19)
25 Social media The collective of online communications channels dedicated to community-based input, interaction, content-sharing and collaboration. Websites and applications dedicated to forums, micro blogging, social networking, social bookmarking, social curation, and wikis are among the different types of social media.10 Facebook, Twitter, Google+, Wikipedia, LinkedIn and Pinterest are some of the social media platforms popular in India. UNICEF-Child-Protection-Online-India-pub_doc115-1(Page 17-19)  
26 Trafficking in persons “The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.”   UNICEF-Child-Protection-Online-India-pub_doc115-1(Page 17-19)

Read Valuable/Informative Articles Through Below Mentioned Link

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Information_Technology_Act,_2000

https://www.huffingtonpost.com/diana-graber/3-reasons-why-social-media-age-restrictions-matter_b_5935924.html

https://indianexpress.com/article/cities/mumbai/pune-based-interior-designer-arrested-for-creating-fake-fb-accounts-of-23-year-old-woman-5422565/

https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/tech/internet/do-you-know-how-to-report-a-cyber-crime-heres-a-guide-for-victims/articleshow/61464084.cms

https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/tech/internet/no-one-is-safe-how-internet-has-become-a-playground-for-cyber-criminals/articleshow/61418856.cms

https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/safer-internet-day-should-india-have-law-to-regulate-children-s-social-media-exposure-1162516-2018-02-06

https://www.indiatoday.in/education-today/featurephilia/story/cyber-bullying-963599-2017-03-02

https://www.bbc.com/news/business-36854285

https://www.news18.com/news/buzz/new-report-shows-indian-kids-are-the-most-cyberbullied-in-the-world-1920013.html

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/aug/11/how-to-keep-kids-safe-online-children-advice

https://kidshealth.org/en/parents/net-safety.html

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/aug/11/how-to-keep-kids-safe-online-children-advice

http://www.unicef.in/staysafeonline/?_ga=2.215991893.318093682.1545531360-1514781256.1545531360

http://www.unicef.in/StaySafeOnline/fastfacts-Current-forms-of-child-online-abuse-and-exploitation.html

Halder, D., & Jaishankar, K. (2011) Cyber crime and the Victimization of Women: Laws, Rights, and Regulations. Hershey, PA, USA: IGI Global. ISBN 978-1-60960-830-9

Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India

http://www.pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=166857

Crimes against children

https://www.interpol.int/Crime-areas/Crimes-against-children/Crimes-against-children

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How to Increase Admissions in School -Marketing Tips-Tips for School Heads

How to Increase Admission in School /Marketing Tips for School Administrations

Rajeev Ranjan

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Tips and Tricks to Score 100% Marks in English Literature Section C Class 10/Exam Preparations Techniques to Get Good Marks

Tips and Tricks to Score 100% Marks in English Literature Section C Class 10

English Literature section is an interesting section in board examinations. Most of students assume that they will perform well in this section. A large number of Indian English Language teacher organize ‘literature’ oriented classroom; they spend a lot of time on “reading” ‘explaining text’ and dictating exercise based questions. It is observed that English language teacher leaves extensive activities based on ‘writing skill, grammar, listening and speaking’ and asks student to do its own. English Language Teaching is an integrated task where we need to distribute our teaching time equally to “Reading, Writing, Listening and Speaking skill”.

Naturally, students feel very comfortable in short answer types questions i.e. questions word length 30-40 words carrying 2 mark, however questions based on “read the extract and answer based on given text” demands intensive “reading skill” and adequate practice before the examination to score 4/4. Most of students score an average marks(may be 5/8, 6/8) in long answer types questions in about 100-120 words carrying 8 marks and also the question based on prescribed novel text for extended reading in about 200-250 words carrying 10 marks.

What are the objective of assessment and evaluation of Language and Literature Section?

Recalling, reasoning, textbook appreciating, applying literary conventions, extrapolating, illustrating and justifying, extracting relevant information, identifying the central theme and sub-themes, understanding the writer’s message and write fluently….(Secondary School Curriculum 2018-19)

Question Type 1- Read the Extract Given from prescribed textbook

Question paper consists two questions (a or b) based on “Read the Extract”. Students need to attempt only one question out of two extracts from prose/poetry/play. This question evaluates student’s skill “reference to context”. There are 4 questions (a, b, c, d); mainly questions evaluates students global comprehension and textual interpretation skill i.e. what does the speaker mean, whom is he addressing/why was —— /find out the synonyms/antonyms/which qualities/explain the statement/explain the term ‘the sleeping countryside’/ What does ‘ glance’ imply in the given lines?

Tips for Student for Scoring Full Marks  :-

  1. Identify the Name of Lesson
  2. Identify the Name of Author/Poet/Dramatist
  3. Read the given extract carefully
  4. Identify key words/key concept
  5. Identify the speaker/character
  6. Recall the theme of poem/prose lesson
  7. Recall the context of the lesson/poem/play

Question Type 2 – Short Answer Type Questions from FIRST FLIGHT and FOOTPRINTS WITHOUT FEET /Literature Reader

Generally, this section consists of 4-5 questions to test local and global comprehension of theme and ideas (30-40 words each, 2×5 = 10 marks/ 2×4 = 8 Marks). Usually, most of the students score 8/8, 10/10 in this section. This section is easy in comparison to ‘read the extract’ section since English Language Teacher focuses so much on this section during academic session.

Question Type 3- Long Answer Type Questions FIRST FLIGHT and FOOTPRINTS WITHOUT FEET

In fact, long types question demands a lot of practice, creativity, imagination and extrapolation beyond the text and across the texts. General student scores 6/8 due to lack of poor content, logical development of paragraph, accuracy of sentences etc.  This question expects a student to be more factual, practical and vigilant before writing answer. Wise student scores 8/8 if his answer reflects meaningful points (based on factual comprehension and global comprehension of the text), proper development of ideas, sequential and chronological development of ideas, better illustration and explanations. This question presents tough and thoughtful challenges for brilliant student. This question also puts a challenge before evaluator to be more alert and do justice with student.

Question Type 4- Very Long Answer Type Questions from’ Extended Reading Text’

This question slightly differs from question type 3.Basically this question is based on theme or plot involving interpretation, inference and character i.e. “In the life of Helen Keller, Ms. Anne Sullivan acts as an inspiration behind her extraordinary life. Justify with suitable instances from the text”/ Give a pen portrait of Dr. Alexender Graham Bell/ What are Anne’s views about the Laws that restrict the Jews’ freedom / Why was Helen withdrawn from the Gilman School and how did she further pursue here education/ What happened as a result of the plagiarizing incident for Helen? What was the effect of this event on her life?(CBSE, 2017, 2018)

Tips for students for Scoring Full Marks in Long Answer Type Questions

Generally if a question carries 8 marks then the teacher gives marks on the basis of following criteria:-

Content- 4 Marks (precise, concise, specific, exact, accurate, details, summarizing, illustrious, relevant examples, creative thoughts, logical and judicious points related to the topic)

Fluency -2 Marks (Development of ideas in sequence, chronological order, flow of thoughts in right order)

Accuracy- 2 Marks (Grammatical Accuracy-Meaningful sentence, Spelling)

If a question carries 10 marks then the evaluator gives marks on the basis of following criteria:-

Content- 6 Marks (precise, concise, specific, exact, accurate, details, summarizing, illustrious, relevant examples, creative thoughts, logical and judicious points related to the topic)

Fluency -2 Marks (Development of ideas in sequence, chronological order, flow of thoughts in right order)

Accuracy- 2 Marks (Grammatical Accuracy-Meaningful sentence, Spelling)

Evaluator follows the marking scheme formula which is given by the board. Teacher evaluates Question Type 3, 4 answers on the basis of “Content, Fluency and Accuracy”. Broadly speaking, a general students attempt all the questions of ‘Literature Textbook and Supplementary Reading Text’ Section C but it is very hard to score more than 23-24 out of 30 marks. The basic difference among different types of learners occur due to 1 mark in ‘extract reading text’ and 4-5 marks in Question Type 3, 4 because getting full marks demands a lot of writing practice, quality content, fluency of thoughts and accuracy in sentence pattern. Wise students works a lot and do writing practices for long answer questions. They develop good writing skill by taking real feedback from peers, friends and teachers. Writing 200-250 words in an exam is not an easy task but surely it is possible with adequate practices, well textual understanding, proper use of key words and key terms,  proper description  of different character and events, relevant illustrations and own perspective for a specific situation.   

Wise students learn the art of planting, cutting, watering and doing other activity from a gardener and sculpture artist who makes a beautiful statue by giving days and nights with full dedication. Developing writing skill demands skill of a painter/sculpture artist who works hard without any complain. When a student writes so many articles, essays, letters, story and other genres continuously, showing these genres to other friend, classmates and teacher and  takes regular feedback for her/his weak points. Extensive reading skill and intensive writing habit help students to incorporate key words and key term in their writing. Only one thing should be remember that our writing should be so specific, concise and creative for expressing the correct message to the reader. 

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How to Get Good Marks in English Board Exam/Tips to Score 100% Marks in Writing Section/Essay Writing/Letter Writing/Report Writing Skill

Examination Preparation Tips

Writing skill demands a great patience, a lot of practices and will power to edit your own written text, arranging it properly and systematically for writing a meaningful sentence and developing a meaningful paragraph. This is in fact, beautiful art to draw attention to the reader without being present at that time for explaining, actually what have you written and what message do you wish to convey to your reader. It fact, writing a meaningful paragraph depends on the practices you do before the final examination. Teacher does not know the identity of student; s/he only knows what is written in the answer sheets. S/he interprets and evaluates what has been written actually.

Getting good marks in any board examination in “writing section” heavily depends on the way a student practices during an academic session. First of all, board students should consider the ‘question pattern of English Language Paper i.e.

  1. How many questions will consist in a question paper?
  2. How many types of questions i.e. Formal/Informal Letter, Story Writing, Essay Writing, Article Writing, Biography, Message, Notice Writing, Report Writing
  3. What are the prescribed words length and marking scheme for each and every question of ‘writing skill section’?

English Communicative (101)

Section B: Writing And Grammar                                                                                                     30Marks

Q. 3: Writing an Article/ Descriptive Paragraph (person/ place/ event/diary entry) in about 100-150 words based on visual or verbal cue/s. The questions will be thematically based on the prescribed books. (8 marks) Q. 4: Writing a short story based on a given outline or cue/s in about 150 – 200 words. (10 marks)

English Language and Literature (184)

Section B: Writing And Grammar                                                                                                            30Marks

Q 3: Formal letter complaint / Inquiry / placing order / Letter to the editor / article in about 100-120 words. The questions will be thematically based on the prescribed books. (8 marks) Q. 4: Writing a short story based on a given outline or cue/s in about 150-200 words. (10 marks)

What are objectives of Section B: Writing and Grammar?

Section B: Writing and Grammar consists of 5 questions. 2/5 questions are based on “writing skill” remaining 3 questions is based on Grammar. We will discuss in details of first 2 questions which is  based on writing skill.

Creative expression of an opinion, reasoning, justifying, illustrating, appropriate style and tone, using appropriate format and fluency, (Secondary School Curriculum)

Generally if a question carries 8 marks then the evaluator gives marks on the basis of following criteria:-

Content- 4 Marks (precise, concise, specific, exact, accurate, details, summarizing, illustrious, relevant examples, creative thoughts, logical and judicious points related to the topic)

Fluency -2 Marks (Development of ideas in sequence, chronological order, flow of thoughts in right order)

Accuracy- 2 Marks (Grammatical Accuracy-Meaningful sentence, Spelling)

If a question carries 10 marks then the evaluator gives marks on the basis of following criteria:-

Content- 6 Marks (precise, concise, specific, exact, accurate, details, summarizing, illustrious, relevant examples, creative thoughts, logical and judicious points related to the topic)

Fluency -2 Marks (Development of ideas in sequence, chronological order, flow of thoughts in right order)

Accuracy- 2 Marks (Grammatical Accuracy-Meaningful sentence, Spelling)

Writing style differs from one question to another question but what does not change that is writing a meaningful, well developed and well-structured paragraph in appropriate language based on (given inputs) literary points. Students need to plan, organize and present ideas coherently. Student uses wonderful ideas (given inputs) as an opportunity for him to get ready made ideas.   

How to Write a Good Paragraph – Writing Skill

How to Write a Letter -Writing Skill

Report Writing Skill

Wise students practice well before examination. Practicing different questions of ‘writing skill’ help to achieve different level of perfection and help students to score good marks. Generally it is observed in board examination that average students can score 14/18 but the best students’ fights for getting full marks in writing section.

Wise students learn the art of planting, cutting, watering and doing other activity from a gardener and sculpture artist who makes a beautiful statue by giving days and nights with full dedication. Developing writing skill demands skill of a painter/sculpture artist who works hard without any complain. When a student writes so many articles, essays, letters, story and other genres continuously, showing these genres to other friend, classmates and teacher and  takes regular feedback for her/his weak points.

Wise students try to write articles, story, report and letter on different topics for developing correct writing speed, good handwriting style and command of vocabulary.

Extensive reading skill and intensive writing habit help students to incorporate key words and key term in their writing. Only one thing should be remember that our writing should be so specific, concise and creative for expressing the correct message to the reader. 

Rajeev Ranjan

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How to Protect Your Child from Cyber Crime/Cyber Bullying/Online Sexual Abuse/Exploitation/Commercial Fraud/Wonderful Tips for Mother/Father for Child’s Online Protection Measures

How to Protect Your Child from Cyber Crime/Cyber Bullying/Child Online Protection and Safety /Wonderful Tips for Parent/Guardian/Mother/Father

Smartphone is integral part of life. Our life solely depends on our Smartphone. We are most modern parents, enabled with 2GB internet data pack every day, having personal account on each and every ‘social networking sites i.e. Face book, Instagram, LinkedIn, YouTube, Google Plus, and having different apps i.e. WhatsApp, Tiktok, BeautiPlus and many more based on personal interest. Whenever our child wants, we provide our own mobile to him. It is indeed wonderful. Wow! My lovely son/daughter is quietly using mobile. Children are very inquisitive. Generally, we observe that our children does not use mobile, in fact s/he explores the Smartphone i.e. all its downloaded applications or may be download new apps, and his favorite games. All of us may be/may not be thought much before handing over a Smartphone to our kids.    

Have you ever thought something negative before handing over your smart phone to your kids?  Have you ever bothered about some bad consequences before handing over your smart phone to your kids? Of course, the answer will be ambiguous. 1980s and 1990s born parents feel proud in sharing success story of their son’s/daughter’s skill of operating Smartphone efficiently with other relatives, friends, school teacher and principal. We may need to ask two essential questions to ourselves and our known people that is (1) Have you ever trained your kids for ‘how to use Smartphone’? (2) Has your daughter/son ever taught you ‘‘how to use Smartphone’?

So many parents read news paper on daily basis. They read news about ‘Cybercrime’ but never ever think to train their kids, ‘how to use Smartphone’ safely, how to do internet surfing safely and what are the things we should remember before clicking on unknown websites/downloading different apps’. Do we expect 4 years to 13 years old child to use ‘Smartphone’ judiciously? Have you ever inquired about the minimum age restrictions to open an account on different Social Sites? If a parent knows the minimum age restrictions to open an account on different Social Sites and suppose, s/he allows his kid (5-13 years old) to open an account on different Social platform then who will be held responsible for cybercrime.

  Diana Graber, Author, “Raising Humans in a Digital World” (HarperCollins Leadership/Jan. ‘19) stated in HuffPost that “the minimum age to open an account on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Pinterest, Tumblr, Kik, and Snapchat is 13. For Vine, Tinder and Yik Yak it’s 17. YouTube requires account holders to be 18, but a 13-year-old can sign up with a parent’s permission. Despite these clearly stated and published age restrictions, large and growing numbers of children 12 and under are using social media networks, often with their parent’s knowledge and consent.

Social sites provides wonderful opportunities for everyone(individual, personal/professional/businessmen)  to be connected with known and unknown people, however social media platform is also one of the most vulnerable place for performing different types of cybercrime. Generally a user puts all the personal information i.e. Real Name, Age, Mobile number, birthday, friends and family related information on different social media platform. In fact social sites like Facebook allows user to do some restrictions for others i.e. who will see your photos, but 90% user are not aware enough to read all the term and conditions, s/he just agrees with the term and conditions. Rest everything is controlled by the ‘default setting’.

Let us suppose! What will happen if:-

An untrained driver drives his/her car in a busy market,

An untrained pilot flights an airplane

An untrained person operates AK 47

The moment a child (6-13 years old) signs in Social Sites by putting wrong age number, s/he starts getting friends suggestions (who may be 18 years/above 18 years), and advertisement suggestion (Adult content/adult pictures/videos) that is not his/her age appropriate content.  A 10, 11, 12-13 years old gentle, generous and genuine girl may fall into the trap of an adult guy, may start believing his values, may start chatting on personal messenger and  may  start sharing some personal pictures/videos. These adulterous activities can lead to cyber crime, cyber bullying, cyber stalking, online sexual abuse, online sexual exploitation, child grooming and online commercial fraud.  

Paridhi -18 Months old baby girl-selects video on YouTube and watches

Smart parent have been providing Smartphone to his/her kids without providing enough knowledge of ‘netiquettes’ and ‘digital citizenship’. Can we stop our kids for using Smartphone enabled with 4G speed Internet Data Pack? The answer is obvious, ‘absolutely a big ‘No’. My next question to 2020 smart parent, can we educate our kids for using Smartphone smartly? Wise person will surely be against of banning use of mobile phone that is quite difficult and may be an impossible task for 21st century 4G generation children but they will surely support our fundamental point to educate and aware gentle kids “How to use Smartphone/World Wide Web (www)/Apps/Games judiciously” right from the age of 3 (if I am not wrong). Child starts framing ideas at the age of 3 (may be childish).

We teach our kids “Good Habits”, “Good Manner”, “Good Etiquette” and many more things right from the beginning. Should we not teach our “Digital kids” about the knowledge of ‘netiquettes’ and ‘digital citizenship’?  Parent can play crucial role than school and teacher because it is the parent who hands over mobile to his/her kids for various reason. I always face ridiculous moment when a child’s parent ask a teacher or school principal for reminding her son/daughter regarding not using too much mobile phone at home. Have you ever wisely thought about below mentioned questions?

  1. Who does give mobile to a kid? Teacher/ Principal/Parents/Mother/Father
  2. Who is the person at home who does hand over his mobile to 8 months, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5———-year’s daughter/son? Teacher/ Principal/Parents/Mother/Father

Child never shows rigidness for using a mobile in the school. A child spends almost 3-6 hours in a school and if we include total travelling time to and fro from school to home, it may be 4-8 hours. The question arises before a wise person that————

What does happen at home anonymously that provokes a child to use mobile phone without putting school bag at proper place/ without changing school uniform/without washing hand and mouth?  Being a wise parent if we find the answer of above mentioned questions; well and fine but if we wish to become a wise parent, we need to reflect the self for find out the solution of this problem.  A wise parent provides proper training to his kid to become an intelligent Smartphone user.

  1. Has s/he taken permission to use your mobile?
  2. Does s/he share the details of game usually he plays on your mobile?
  3. Do you notice the web portal s/he surfs usually?
  4. Do you notice the total time s/he spends on the mobile?   
  5. Have you shared the bad consequences of giving personal details to unknown websites?
  6. Have you shared with him ‘not to chat with unknown person at social sites?
  7. Have you asked him ‘not to make friends with unknown person at social sites?
  8. Have you shared with him ‘not to send personal and family pictures to unknown online friends at social sites?
  9. Have you shared with him ‘not to share ATM Password/ATM Pin number to unknown online friends at social sites/during downloading any apps/game?
  10. Have you shared with him ‘not to download so many apps without your permission’?
  11. Have you asked questions to your kids, if you find an account of your son/daughter on different social sites?
  12. Have you ever talked with your kids about cyber crime?
  13. Does your child know the meaning of cyber bullying cyber stalking, online sexual abuse, online sexual exploitation, online commercial fraud and child grooming?
  14. Have you ever discussed with your child that if someone tries to pressurize him online, asking for personal photographs, s/he should immediately report to you?

Self Introspection for Parents/Mother/Father/Guardian

  1. Do you know your child in a better way? Have you noticed something unique or unusual in your child?
  2. Do you give time to your child other than taking him/her for a trip, for lunch/dinner, and watching a film altogether?
  3. Do you talk to your child on daily basis? What does he think? What things do attract him? Does s/he face any difficulties these days?
  4. Does your child feel comfortable and confident in sharing good/bad feeling/emotions/problems with you without any hesitation?

Valuable Guidelines for Child Online Protection and Safety by NCPCR Guidelines

NCPCR Guidelines -Website http://ncpcr.gov.in/index1.php?lang=1&level=0&linkid=79&lid=1025

Educating our kids for using rational use of mobile phone can save the child, the family and society from cyber crime, cyber bullying, cyber stalking, online sexual abuse, online sexual exploitation, child grooming and online commercial fraud.  Raising awareness among boys and girls on how to safely navigate the online world is great task for 21st century educated world citizen. It is an integrated effort of parent, school teacher, principal, school, technical experts and law enforcement agencies to protect our genius kids from cyber bullying, cyber stalking, online sexual abuse, online sexual exploitation, child grooming and online commercial fraud. Of course, education for digital literacy, citizenship and safety will definitely bring a massive change and surely will save our child to become a victim of cyber crime world and its various forms.   

Rajeev Ranjan

  Read Valuable/Informative Articles Through Below Mentioned Link

https://www.huffingtonpost.com/diana-graber/3-reasons-why-social-media-age-restrictions-matter_b_5935924.html

https://indianexpress.com/article/cities/mumbai/pune-based-interior-designer-arrested-for-creating-fake-fb-accounts-of-23-year-old-woman-5422565/

https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/tech/internet/do-you-know-how-to-report-a-cyber-crime-heres-a-guide-for-victims/articleshow/61464084.cms

https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/tech/internet/no-one-is-safe-how-internet-has-become-a-playground-for-cyber-criminals/articleshow/61418856.cms

https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/safer-internet-day-should-india-have-law-to-regulate-children-s-social-media-exposure-1162516-2018-02-06

https://www.indiatoday.in/education-today/featurephilia/story/cyber-bullying-963599-2017-03-02

https://www.bbc.com/news/business-36854285

https://www.news18.com/news/buzz/new-report-shows-indian-kids-are-the-most-cyberbullied-in-the-world-1920013.html

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/aug/11/how-to-keep-kids-safe-online-children-advice

https://kidshealth.org/en/parents/net-safety.html

Never Ever Feel Ashamed if You have caught in an online Trap——————————Student/Teacher/School/Parent/Guardian/Mother/Father/Brother/Sister Can Report Cyber Crime Related Issue to —-

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How to Handle Weak Students-Remedial Plan for Poor Academic Performer-Best Teaching Tips and Techniques

How to Handle Weak Students

Most Viewed and Appreciated Topic on Slide Share 

Rajeev Ranjan

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How to Get Good Marks-English-Board Examination-Exam Preparation Tips for Students

How to Get Good Marks in English Board Exam

Students’ planning, preparation and practice decide the result of an examination. Annual examination result heavily depends on his self determination to complete the syllabus on time and practice more for having command on it. It is very easy to perform average in all subjects if a student studies regularly in a complete academic session. Wise student plans meticulously for achieving high marks in an examination. To get high score in board examination depends on student’s planning and timely executing of that planning.

English is taught as Second Language in India. English is the second language for most of the Indian students. A large number student in CBSE/ICSE affiliated private/government school study English language from kindergarten. They feel at ease in English language. Generally it is observed that most of the students score 60-80%, if they study prescribed English language syllabus properly during an academic session. The student who wishes to score high in English Subject works very hard on each and every question.

English Language Teacher observes a common study trait among high scorer, average scorer and below average scorer in board exam. High scorer strategically plans for each section and for each question.Recent board pattern of .English question paper consists of 3 broad sections i.e.

Section A: – Reading (20 Marks)

Section B: – Writing and Grammar (30 Marks)

Section C: Literature (30 Marks)

How to score 20/20 in Section A: – Reading Skill (20 Marks)

Nature of Question Paper Pattern of Section A- Reading Skill

This section will have two unseen passages of a total of 700-750 words as per the details below:

Q.1: A Factual passage 300-350 words with eight Very Short Answer Type (VSA) Questions. (8 marks)

Q. 2: A Discursive passage of 350-400 words with four Short Answer Type Questions of eight marks to test inference,evaluation and analysis and four VSA to test vocabulary and comprehension (two VSA for vocabulary and two for comprehension) (12) marks  (Secondary School Curriculum)

How to perform well for scoring High Marks in Reading Comprehension

Practice Reading Passage before Board Examination

If we wish to score high in Reading Section, we need to practice “different types of passages” well before examination. Generally student thinks that s/he will solve Reading Section at the examination hall only. Everyone knows the fact that nothing comes in our life easily. There is a big question “how will a student solve all questions of reading passage in the exam on the basis of his/her reading at exam time only. Reading passage evaluates students’ factual as well as global understanding which includes “Reading Speed, understanding of vocabulary and understanding of grammatical items mentioned in it.

How does practice reading passage well before examination help students?

  1. Develop skill of reading text properly and in a balanced speed
  2. Develop skill of identifying facts mentioned in the reading passage (where, which, who, when), i.e. who is the king, when was the first international match played, when did the ODIs begin etc.
  3. Develop skill of identifying key concepts mentioned in the reading passage
  4. Develop skill of drawing inferential meaning of the text i.e. why is it difficult for an egoist to be polite?
  5. Develop skill of finding out meaning of different difficult words mentioned in the text/Finding inferential meaning of a particular word mentioned in any paragraph i.e. which word in paragraph no..3 means the same as ‘indispensable’ /on the basis of your reading of the passage supply appropriate words/phrases

How to Score High 20/20 in Reading  Passage

  • Read the passage carefully

(a)  Underline only key concept and key words

  • Read the question carefully

(a)  Write answer of factual questions

  • Read the inferential/conceptual question carefully

(a)      Once again re-read the paragraph well before writing answer of conceptual question/inferential question

(b)     It is suggested to read the previous sentence/main sentence/next sentence before writing answer of conceptual question/inferential question

(c)      Stop for a moment before writing question based on (evaluate student’s conceptual understanding, decoding skill, analyzing, inferring, interpreting,appreciating) – Analyze/Evaluate your content/answer well before writing answer so fast for a little bit complex/ inferential question. It may be possible that complexity of question demands you to look back whole passage for final interpretation and inferences of that special question. Generally, 1-2 questions evaluate student’s conceptual understanding, decoding skill,analyzing, inferring, interpreting, appreciating skills etc.

Vocabulary in Reading Comprehension Passage

Vocabulary (interpreting actual meaning of words/phrases/antonyms/synonyms) brings a big difference between high scorer and low scorer. Generally student writes all the questions based on “Reading Passage” but struggles a lot in supplying accurate answer for vocabulary based questions. It is observed that 2 among 10 students score 4/4 marks otherwise it can be 1/4, 2/4, 3/4. So the big question is :-

 How to Score High in Vocabulary Based Questions

Intensive reading habit helps students in scoring high marks in questions based on vocabulary. Students, who score well in this section, possess good reading skill and practice so many reading passages (descriptive, argumentative,persuasive, interpretive and literary passages etc) in an academic year,however a little alertness and awareness during exam can also help student to score high in “reading passage”. Wise students go through the text and try to interpret the text wisely while selecting correct answer for vocabulary based question, wise student tires to read previous, main and following statement to find out the actual meaning of given words.

Vocabulary Based Questions becomes a game changer in almost all examination. This section differentiates between a top performer and a low achiever. Intensive practice of ‘Reading Passage’ helps student to score high.Individual student’s skill develops in a passage of time. Board exam aspirant’s“Reading Skill” can be developed only  with the help of reading different passages and solving questions based on text.   

Reading Passage helps different level of students to score good marks inboard examination. In fact, ‘reading passage’ tests a candidate ability to read and understand the text. The main objective is to evaluate global as well as factual comprehension. Teacher awards the marks on the basis of understanding of complete passage. Generally, English Language Teacher does not deduct marks in ‘reading passage’ on basis of spelling mistakes, grammatical mistakes as well as for punctuation error. No doubt at all, “Reading Passage” is really blessings for one and all students. Reading Passage helps a low academic achiever to cross the fail border easily, gives a wonderful opportunity for the medium academic performer to cross the distinction border and of course high academic performer to write history in board exam.

Rajeev Ranjan