Salient features John Dewey theory of experiential learning

Ten Salient features John Dewey Theory of Experiential Learning

John Dewey’s theory of experiential learning, often referred to as “learning by doing,” emphasizes the importance of active engagement, reflection, and the integration of experiences in the learning process. Here are ten salient features of Dewey’s theory:

experiential learning-rajeevelt

Learning through experience:

Dewey believed that learning is most effective when it is rooted in concrete experiences. He argued that students should actively engage with the world around them and participate in hands-on activities that allow them to explore and discover knowledge.

Continuity of experience:

Dewey emphasized the importance of connecting past experiences with new ones. He believed that learning is a continuous process in which students build upon their previous knowledge and integrate new information into their existing frameworks of understanding.

Reflective observation:

According to Dewey, reflection is a vital part of the learning process. Students should be encouraged to reflect upon their experiences, analyze their observations, and derive meaning from them. Reflection helps students develop critical thinking skills and make connections between theory and practice.

Problem-solving and inquiry:

Dewey advocated for problem-solving as a means of learning. He believed that when students encounter real-life problems, they become actively engaged in finding solutions. Inquiry-based learning, where students ask questions, investigate, and seek answers, is central to Dewey’s approach.

Social interaction and collaboration:

Dewey emphasized the importance of social interaction in the learning process. He believed that students learn from and with each other through collaboration, discussion, and sharing of ideas. Group activities and cooperative learning foster teamwork, communication skills, and social development.

Authentic learning contexts

Dewey argued for the integration of learning into real-life contexts. He believed that education should be connected to the students’ interests, experiences, and the world outside the classroom. Authentic learning experiences help students see the relevance and applicability of what they are learning.

Ten Salient features John Dewey Theory of Experiential Learning-rajeevelt
experiential learning -rajeevelt

Individualized learning:

recognized the uniqueness of each learner and the importance of tailoring education to individual needs. He advocated for providing students with opportunities for personal exploration and self-directed learning. Individualized learning allows students to follow their own interests and strengths.

Experiential and intellectual growth:

According to Dewey, experiential learning promotes both the intellectual and personal growth of students. It develops their cognitive abilities, critical thinking skills, problem-solving abilities, and creativity. It also fosters their social, emotional, and ethical development.

Integration of subjects:

Dewey believed in the integration of different subject areas rather than teaching them in isolation. He emphasized the inter-connectedness of knowledge and encouraged educators to help students make connections between different disciplines.

Democracy and active citizenship:

Dewey viewed education as a means to develop active and responsible citizens. He believed that education should cultivate democratic values, social responsibility, and an understanding of one’s role in society.

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