Key words-
medical biotechnology, pharmaceutical biotechnology, plant biotechnology, cellular biotechnology, fermentation biotechnology, food biotechnology, environmental biotechnology, virology, bioinformatics, cell biology, biopolymers, food chemistry, ethical problems concerning gene modification,  the medical effects on environmental biotechnology,

Introduction of Biotechnology

If you are interested in:-

•          Developing new drugs

•          Find future energy solutions

•          Developing sustainable food production from the ocean

Biotechnology is technology that utilizes biological systems, living organisms or parts of this to develop or create different products.

Brewing and baking bread are examples of processes that fall within the concept of biotechnology (use of yeast (= living organism) to produce the desired product). (

Biotechnology, the use of biology to solve problems and make useful products. The most prominent area of biotechnology is the production of therapeutic proteins and other drugs through genetic engineering.

Biotechnology is utilizing the sciences of biology, chemistry, physics, engineering and information technology to develop tools and products to apply to living cells/organisms.

Genetic Engineering

Genetic engineering is the study of knowledge obtained from genetics to alter the reproduction and hereditary processes of organisms. It deals in cloning, in-vitro fertilization, species hybridization or direct manipulation of the genetic material itself by the recombinant DNA technique.

Plant Tissue Culture

Functions in the field of in-vitro regeneration and propagation of plantlets, a Tissue Culture specialist may also be involved in plant germ plasma conservation.

Plant Genetics

Activities to improve plants by evolving new horticultural varieties through hybridization, this work is generally carried out in the laboratories

Eligibility for Biotechnology Courses

1. For B. Sc. Courses: Pass in 10+2 with PCM. (Biology)

2. For M. Sc. Courses: Bachelor’s degree under 10+2+3 in Physical,

Biological, Agricultural, Veterinary, Fishery Sciences, Pharmacy, Engineering, Technology or Medicine (MBBS)

3. For M. Sc. (Agriculture) Biotechnology/M.Sc. Animal Biotechnology:

Bachelor’s degree in agriculture, horticulture, forestry, fishery, Veterinary Sciences or Agricultural Engineering.

4. For M Tech Biotechnology : B. Tech degree – in chemical Engineering, Biochemical Engineering, Industrial Biotech (BE), Leather technology, Pharmaceutical Technology, Food Technology, B. Pharma, and Dairy Technology or Master’s Botany, Zoology Bio-chemistry, Microbiology, Genetics, Physiology, Pharmacology and Biophysics.


Institutes and Universities offers Course in Biotechnology

National Institute of Immunology- Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi

National Centre for Cell Science- University of Pune

National Brain Research Centre- Manesar,

Center for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics [CDFD] Hyderabad

National Institute of Plant Genome Research, New Delhi

Institute of Life Sciences, Nalco Nagar

Institute of Bioresources and Sustainable Development( IBSD) Imphal, Manipur

Institute for Stem Cell Science and Regenerative Medicine (inStem), GKVK – Bangalore

Translational Health Science and Technology Institute, Faridabad

National Institute of Biomedical Genomics, West Bengal,

Regional Centre for Biotechnology, Faridabad

National Agri-Food Biotechnology Institution, Mohali, Punjab

National Institute of Animal Biotechnology, Hyderabad,

Bharat Immunological & Biological Corporation, Bulandshahr

Indian Vaccine Corporation Ltd (IVCOL) New Delhi,

Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC) New Delhi

Career/Jobs in the fields of Biotechnology

   Medical biotechnology, pharmaceutical biotechnology, plant biotechnology, cellular biotechnology, fermentation biotechnology, food biotechnology, environmental biotechnology, and bioinformatics, Food and Beverage Department,        Food Marketing, Processing and Distributing Units

Jobs in the Field of Biotechnology

Career and Job Titles Biotechnology
  Biomedical Engineer, Biochemist Microbiologist, Medical Scientist, Chemical Engineer, Nutritional Therapist, Product Development Scientist, Environmental Scientist, Agricultural Engineer, Sustainability Specialist, Environmental Engineer, Bio Analysts, Data Scientists, Animal Scientist, Soil and Plant Scientist, Process Development Scientist, Biomanufacturing Specialists, Informatics Developer, Bioinformatics Researcher, Business Development Manager, Research Investigator, Pharmaco-genetic Engineer
Career and Job Titles Biotechnology  
Bioanalytical chemist, Biodiscovery research scientist, Biotechnologist Plant breeder, Business development manager, Clinical researcher , Graduate administrative assistant, Laboratory scientist, Medical sales representative, Patent attorney (not lawye

Jobs in the Field of Biotechnology



Quality Manager,

Food Technologist,

Regulatory Affairs Officer,

Research Associate,

Project Assistant


Clinical Laboratory Technician,

Biological Supplier Manufacturing,

Environmental Technician,

Food Safety Mechanism,

Pharmaceutical Research Technician,

Biological Technician,

Clinical Technician,

Chemical Technician,

Greenhouse or field Technician,

Laboratory Assistant,

Genomics Technician,

Molecular Biology Technician,

Plant tissue Culture Technician,


Technical Brewer,

Environmental Science,  Protection Technician,

Research Areas in Biotechnology

Analysis and Control of Microbial Systems, Biopolymers and Biomaterials, Food Chemistry, Microbial Biotechnology

Download PDF of Career, Course and Job Opportunities in Biotechnology

Resources and Materials CBSE Compendium of Academic Courses After 10+2  
Rajeev Ranjan  
Principal, Teacher- Trainer and Counselor
SEO- School Education