What is Formative assessments?

How to Conduct Formative assessments recommended by NCF 2023 ?

Assessments (NCF 2023, 2.7)

Formative assessments (NCF 2023, 2.7.1)

This should be part of the teaching-learning process as an ‘assessment for learning’ and ‘assessment as learning’. Giving marks for formative assessment should be avoided as it is to be used for the individual progress of learners. Different kinds of tools and techniques like student portfolios, observation sheets, project-based work, and anecdotal records should be part of formative assessment.

a. A few tools for formative assessment are worksheets, role play, projects, and oral


i. Worksheets:

 These are important in the teaching-learning process. Each worksheet will help in students’ learning and makes it easy for the teacher to track the learning trajectories. But the nature of the worksheets needs some consideration: they should not be memory-based and mechanical but should be created in an exploratory manner for promoting students’ thinking and reasoning abilities.

ii. Role plays:

 In all three stages, there are many role-plays that can be conducted in the class, and for each of them, the teacher can have a checklist of criteria that will help in the planning of the activity and the assessment.

iii. Projects:

A project work is a planned and formulated piece of study involving a task or problem taken up by the learner, either individually or in a group. As projects are great self-learning, self-assessing tools, all projects should relate to the learning outcomes. The nature of the project and its quality checklist and its expectations can be shared with students.

iv. Oral presentations:

These are useful and make classrooms lively and interactive.

Example 1: Illustrative assessment strategy for formative assessment: (Table B-2.7-i)

Learning outcome in Grade 5Classroom OpportunitiesAssessment strategiesSource for Tracking
Writes ideas in sequence, using words appropriate for the purpose intended with a sense of tone (description, narration, persuasionWall writing Letter writing (invitation) Poetry writing Picture writing Poster writingWorksheets projects, checklist for writing expressionWritten sheets Checklist
Example 2: A sample checklist for formative assessment- Oral presentations (Table B-2.7-ii)
CriteriaLevel 1Level 1Level 1
Adherence to the themeThe propositions put forward do not match the themeThe team seems to understand the gist of the topicThe team shows a thorough understanding of the topic in all its dimensions
ContentMost of the information is inaccurateMost of the information is clear and accurateThe information given is clear, accurate, and detailed
Organization of ideas and fluencyMost of the arguments are not relevant and there are many transitional jumpsMost of the arguments are relevant and there were just a few abrupt transitionsAll arguments are relevant and there is a logical transition from one point of argument to another
Vocabulary and pronunciationThe range of vocabulary is limited. Most of the words are mispronouncedThe range of vocabulary is limited. Many of the words are mispronouncedA wide range of vocabulary is used.  Pronunciation is appropriate.


Rajeev Ranjan

School Education

“Let knowledge grow from more to more.”

Alfred Tennyson, “In Memoriam”, Prologue, line 25

References and Resources