What are the pedagogy?
What are the principles of pedagogy at foundational stages ?
Principles of Pedagogy at Foundational Stage Suggested in National Curriculum Framework for Foundational Stage-2022
A safe, secure, comfortable, and happy classroom environment can help children learn better and achieve more at the Foundational Stage. Care and responsiveness with ample opportunities to experience, experiment and explore are the hallmark of pedagogy at this Stage.NCFFS 2022
Principles of Pedagogy
Principles of pedagogy underly all decisions related to teaching strategies in the classroom appropriate for the Foundational Stage.
The following principles inform classroom planning and instruction:
a. A safe and stimulating environment is fundamental to development and learning at this Stage.
i. Activities are joyful and encourage the use of all the child’s senses.
ii. Classrooms provide variety and challenge.
iii. Physical and emotional safety is paramount while making pedagogical choices.
iv. Classrooms are clean, cheerful, well-ventilated, and well-lit learning spaces.
b. Play is central to learning and development at this Stage.
i. Play can be free, guided, or structured.
ii. Conversations, stories, music, music, movement, arts, craft, toys and games are part of play, and of the methods to engage children in play – other methods could be innovated.
iii. Outdoor play is actively encouraged.
c. Nurturing relationships between Teacher and child are the basis of teaching and learning.
i. Listening carefully to children and ‘being with them’ fully is important.
d. Physical development is very important at this Stage.
i. Classroom activities encourage gross and fine motor skills, and physical movement.
ii. This also helps socio-emotional and cognitive development.
e. Every child learns at their own pace and learning needs are addressed individually.
i. Different children respond to the same situation differently.
ii. The same child may, at different times, respond differently to similar situations.
iii. Opportunities are provided for all children to participate in the classroom in ways that suit each child best.
f. Children at the Foundational Stage are most comfortable and learn best in their home language.
i. The language of instruction and transaction is the child’s home language/mother
ii. Use of home languages is celebrated and encouraged in the classroom.
iii. Transition into school languages, when different from home languages, is gentle and always scaffolded by the home language.
iv. Children are encouraged to express themselves as much as possible and never judged or reprimanded for the language that they speak in.
g. Learning experiences in the classroom are deeply connected to children’s lives and their contexts.
i. Local stories, rhymes, songs, games, crafts, material are used extensively.
ii. Children’s home language is welcome and indeed encouraged in the classroom.
h. Learning experiences are designed to build on children’s previous understanding.
i. Planning moves from simple to complex ideas and concepts based on this principle.
ii. Using the home language facilitates this
i. Classroom processes address all domains of development.
i. Balance is maintained between activities pertaining to physical development, socio-emotional and ethical development, cognitive development, aesthetic and cultural development.